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corrosion in concrete

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article discusses the environmental factors and kinetics of atmospheric corrosion, aqueous corrosion, and soil corrosion of carbon steels. It also provides information on corrosion in concrete and steel boilers. aqueous corrosion atmospheric corrosion concrete boilers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Portland cement concrete has low environmental impact, versatility, durability, and economy, which make it the most abundant construction material in the world. This article details the types and causes of concrete degradation. Concrete can be degraded by corrosion of reinforcing steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete can be an issue ( Ref 62 ). The result of corrosion can be staining, cracking, and spalling. One way of addressing the problem is to change the concrete, for example, incorporate additives to decrease permeability by using admixtures such as fly ash or silica fume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings in these municipal water systems. The most commonplace corrosion-damage mechanisms are highlighted. The article describes the most common materials of construction found in municipal water systems, namely, cast iron, ductile iron, carbon steel, precast concrete cylinder pipe and reinforced...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., the effectiveness of the cathodic protection in arresting corrosion can be measured by a simple, nondestructive electrical measurement. THE CORROSION PROCESS in concrete is such that it tends to create conditions that increase the rate of attack. This phenomenon is related to the fact that the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... generally not aggressive to concrete or cement mortar linings unless unusual circumstances occur (such as when high dissolved CO 2 concentrations exist). Corrosive deterioration in wastewater collection system piping and tunnels typically occurs in headspaces where oxygen is present. This biogenic, sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... In the northern United States, deicing salt used on highways during the winter causes severe corrosion of steel rebars in reinforced concrete structures. Corrosion prevention using thermal spray coatings has been developed and tested in existing bridges. A TSZ is applied on the blast-cleaned surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and chemical contaminants. When inspecting concrete prior to coating installation, three areas of concern exist: surface roughness, moisture content in concrete, and acidity/alkalinity of the surface. The article provides information on the industry standards for assessing surface cleanliness. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Polymeric floor coatings refer to flooring materials composed of multicomponent thermoset resins formulated with various fillers and pigments that are installed in situ, usually over concrete substrates. Polymeric flooring systems, specified for all industrial and commercial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article provides a basic overview of bridge corrosion, where it occurs on steel and concrete bridge structures, and how to prevent corrosion by using coatings. It describes types of bridge designs, with illustrations, and presents information on how corrosion occurs in different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., zinc-dust paints, and other methods, zinc-protected steels are widely used in automobiles, building structures, reinforced concrete, roofing, and other domestic and industrial structures. The protection of zinc-coated steel is due primarily to the much better corrosion resistance of zinc. In most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Two-component polyurea elastomeric coating/lining systems are the newest technology in the protective coating/lining industry and a wide variety of applications have been developed. These include coating/lining applications over concrete, geotextile membranes, various metals for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... air, corroded severely. The lead surface in contact with water closer to the air in the duct was the cathode. Alkalinity is another factor that causes the corrosion of cable sheathing ( Ref 15 ). Sheathing on cable installed in continuous concrete or asbestos cement ducts in concrete tunnels under...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... inspection lamination surface preparation PREPARING THE SURFACE for the application of the coating system is the most critical and typically the most expensive step in a coatings project. Whether the surface is plastic, glass, wood, concrete, masonry, aluminum, carbon steel, or stainless steel, surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... galvanic corrosion, uniform corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, selective leaching, and velocity-affected corrosion. In particular, mechanisms of corrosive attack for specific forms of corrosion, as well as evaluation and factors contributing to these forms, are described. These...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the various forms of corrosion occurred in the passive range of aluminum and its alloys, namely, pitting corrosion, galvanic corrosion, deposition corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, exfoliation corrosion, corrosion fatigue, erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms of microbiologically influenced corrosion as a basis for discussion on the diagnosis, management, and prevention of biological corrosion failures in piping, tanks, heat exchangers, and cooling towers. It begins with an overview of the scope of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... concrete masonry units. Cavity walls may be formed with an air gap between the facing brick and the interior wall of load-bearing brick or concrete masonry units. Furthermore, face brick are used in fireplaces, chimneys, fences, garden walls, entry walls, outdoor signs, sound-barrier walls, and even...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... concrete, to prevent entry of salt-laden road splash into crevices. Absorbent materials, such as paper, wood refuse, and wallboard in contact with aluminum under conditions where it may become wet, will cause corrosion. Composite-bonded insulated aluminum panels employ a moisture barrier on the inside...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...; corrosion in atmosphere, water, and chemical environments; and the applications of stainless steels in various industries are also discussed. austenitic stainless steel corrosion corrosion protection corrosion testing crevice corrosion erosion-corrosion ferritic stainless steel galvanic...