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copper-infiltrated steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...Abstract Abstract The two most important classes of materials that are manufactured via infiltration methods are copper- and silver-infiltrated refractory metals and refractory carbides, and copper-infiltrated steels. This article focuses on copper-infiltrated steels and discusses the basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... steels copper-infiltrated iron copper-infiltrated steel diffusion alloys ferrous powder metallurgy materials ferrous powders hybrid alloys iron-copper alloys mechanical properties microstructure prealloys FERROUS POWDER METALLURGY (PM) processing is a net or near-net-shape production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 55 – 71 10.1179/pom.1973.16.31.003 27. Klar E. , Berry D.F. , Samal P.K. , Lewandowski J.J. , and Rigney J.D. , Fracture Toughness and Fatigue Crack Growth Response of Copper Infiltrated Steels , Inter. J. Powder Met. , Vol 31 , 1995 , p 316 – 324 28...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... , Copper Infiltration of Steel—Part 1, Properties , Met. Powder, Rep. , June 1984 , p 329 ; Copper Infiltration of Steel—Part 2, Applications , Met. Powder Rep. , Aug , 1984 , p 438 24. Eylon D. , Vogt R.G. , and Froes F.H. , Property Improvement of Low Chlorine Titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... pound basis, the approximate costs for steel P/M parts produced by various methods are roughly as follows: Condition Density range, g/cm 3 1997 selling price (a) , $/lb Pressed and sintered 6.0–7.1 2.45–2.70 Pressed, sintered, sized 6.0–7.1 2.90–3.20 Copper infiltrated 7.3–7.5...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...–1.7 1.55–4.95 0.4–0.6 FD-0405 90.70–94.40 0.3–0.6 1.3–1.7 3.60–4.40 0.4–0.6 FD-0408 90.40–94.10 0.6–0.9 1.3–1.7 3.60–4.40 0.4–0.6 P/M copper-infiltrated iron and steel FX-1000 82.8–92.0 0.0–0.3 8.0–14.9 … … FX-1005 82.5–91.7 0.3–0.6 8.0–14.9 … … FX-1008 82.2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... on infiltrant copper-phase melting point. Binary systems for typical infiltration processes Table 1 Binary systems for typical infiltration processes Skeleton Infiltrants Aluminum Antimony Bismuth Cobalt Copper Iron Magnesium Mangenese Nickel Silver Zinc Titanium carbide...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of Centrifugally Cast Lead Free Copper Alloy Containing Graphite Particles Against Steel , Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol 32 , 2001 , p 2115 – 2125 10.1007/s11661-001-0023-z 40. Stephenson T.F. , Warner A.E.M. , Wilson S. , Alpas A.T. , and Rohatgi P.K. , Processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...+ … Copper infiltrated steel Near full density Copper infiltration also improves machinability. Surface densification 7.6–7.8+ Increases localized densification for wear and fatigue resistance With the considerable progress in PM technology over the years, the quality of PM gears has improved...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., including pure copper P/M parts, bronze P/M parts, brass and nickel silver P/M parts, copper-nickel P/M parts, copper-lead P/M parts, copper-base P/M friction materials, copper-base P/M electrical contact materials, copper-base P/M brush materials, infiltrated parts, and oxide-dispersion-strengthened copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Melting Stirring Fluxing and Degassing Pouring Gating Systems Process Description DRA Materials Produced by PIC Future of Pressure Infiltration Cast DRA Foil-Fiber-Foil Process Green Tape Process Metal Wire Process Magnesium-Matrix Composites Copper-Matrix Composites...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...) <0.5 138 20.0 1345 195 8 6.0 34 HRC (i) 338 49 FL-4605-140HT (f) 1070 155 (g) (g) <0.5 148 21.5 1585 230 9.5 7.0 39 HRC (i) 405 59 Copper-infiltrated iron and steel (l) FX-1000-25 (e) 350 51 220 32 7.0 110 16.0 910 132 34 25 65 HRB 130 19...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-copper overlay on copper-lead alloy liner Nickel bronze infiltrated with lead-base babbitt Nickel-tin bronze infiltrated with lead-base babbitt Silver electroplate on steel Silver-lead alloy electroplate on steel Tin-base babbitt overlay on copper-lead-tin alloy liner Tin bronze infiltrated with lead...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... thermal expansion (RT to 540 °C, or 1000 °F), ppm/°C 8.5 8.1 8.0 Hardness, HRC 34 40 44 RT, room temperature Thermal properties of unreinforced and reinforced aluminum and copper Table 13 Thermal properties of unreinforced and reinforced aluminum and copper Material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... rods or other slender cermet parts 7. Slip casting Cermets with high proportions of hard phase 8. Powder injection molding A wide variety of cermet compositions 9. Powder rolling Aluminum, copper, and other nonferrous metals with moderate additions of hard-phase components 10. Hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... with a controlled porosity. The compact is sintered at high temperature in a reducing atmosphere, and then molten silver or copper is infiltrated into the porous sintered compact. Compositions of a lower refractory content are made by blending powders, pressing them to a desired size and shape, sintering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... steel/copper mold inserts for injection molding. The powder used was stainless steel powder infiltrated with bronze, and sintered properties are reported as ( Ref 2 ): Density, g/cm 3 7.5 Thermal conductivity, W/m °C 23 Specific heat, J/g °C 339–418 Yield strength, MPa (ksi) 415 (60...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... 89.9–96.7 FN-0408 0.6–0.9 3.0–5.5 … 0–2.0 89.6–96.4 Low-alloy steel FL-4205 0.4–0.7 0.35–0.55 0.50–0.85 … 95.9–98.7 FL-4605 0.4–0.7 1.70–2.00 0.40–0.80 … 94.5–97.5 Copper-infiltrated iron FX-1000 0–0.3 … … 8.0–14.9 82.8–92.0 Copper-infiltrated steel FX-1005 0.3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., facilitating the development of processes to synthesize different cast MMCs ( Ref 10 ). In several instances, coatings of wettable metals are deposited on reinforcements to facilitate their transfer into melts. For example, nickel or copper coatings are used on graphite particles that are incorporated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... Backings of nickel, Monel, and steel. (c) Clad materials including overlay, throughlay, edgelay, strip of precious metal on (or in) base metal Effects of atmospheric contaminants on friction between carbon brushes and copper Table 1 Effects of atmospheric contaminants on friction between...