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copper-base shape memory alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...Abstract Abstract This article is a detailed account of additive manufacturing (AM) processes for copper and copper alloys such as copper-chromium alloys, GRCop, oxide-dispersion-strengthened copper, copper-nickel alloys, copper-tin alloys, copper-zinc alloys, and copper-base shape memory...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and properties (mechanical and physical) of commercial SMA alloys, namely nickel-titanium alloys and copper-base alloys. applications of shape memory alloys copper base alloys general characteristics mechanical properties nickel-titanium alloys physical properties processing of shape memory alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... to characterize them using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) techniques as well as other methods. The article examines the most common shape memory alloys, namely, nickel-titanium and copper-base SMAs, and provides information on their respective properties. biomedical applications copper-base shape...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., aluminum, and copper. gold jewelry alloys intermetallic gold compounds iridium alloys metallographic preparation metallographic samples metallography microstructure platinum jewelry alloys platinum-aluminum-copper alloys platinum-base alloys precious metals ruthenium alloys shape memory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... with solid-solution elements, typically chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, niobium, and copper. The solid-solution elements promote corrosion resistance and base strength. Examples of solid-solution-strengthening alloys ( Tables 2 and 3 ) are alloy 600 (Inconel 600), Hastelloy C-276, Haynes 188, alloy 800...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... ( Ref 37 ). Fig. 33 Surface relief due to thermoelastic martensite transformation in a copper-zinc shape memory alloy. Source: Ref 37 . Reprinted with permission There are several characteristics of shape memory alloys (SMA) that make them unique from other alloys exhibiting martensitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... °F), holding for 10 min, and water quenching. The specimen was etched using Kroll’s reagent, and Nomarski DIC revealed the microstructure more effectively than bright field. The dendritic microstructure of a sand-cast Cu-4%Sn binary alloy tint-etched using Beraha’s PbS reagent for copper-base alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Experimentally determined stress-strain path measured on polycrystalline copper Memory Effect and the 1:2 Rule The term cyclic neutralization denotes an experimental technique whereby the stress-strain origin in a cyclic deformation test can be found. For this purpose, starting from a (stabilized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... W 3 C-Fe 4 W 2 C Fe 3 Nb 3 C Nb 3 Co 3 C Ta 3 Co 3 C Cr 7 C 3 M 7 C 3 Hexagonal a 0 = 1.398 Generally observed as a blocky intergranular shape; observed only in alloys such as Nimonic 80A after exposure above 1000 °C (1830 °F), and in some cobalt-base alloys c 0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ). The discovery of the shape memory effect itself, however, is more fairly attributed to the 1951 work of Chang and Read ( Ref 6 ), who also studied the gold-cadmium system, or to Reynolds and Bever's studies of copper-zinc in 1952 ( Ref 7 ). Rachinger ( Ref 8 ) first observed superelasticity in 1958 and even...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the different types of precipitation and transformation processes and their effects that can occur during heat treatment of various nonferrous alloys. The nonferrous alloys are aluminum alloys, copper alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel alloys, titanium...
Book Chapter

By Dongyang Li
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... irons have the highest wear resistance, followed by nodular irons and then gray irons. Nonferrous Alloys <xref rid="a0006382-ref16" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 16)</xref> Copper-Base Alloys Copper-base alloys have found many applications due to their modifiable mechanical properties and other...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., mullite, cordierite, and silica. A variety of properties are obtained, depending on glass type, filler type, and amount. IBM has developed a glass-ceramic copper substrate based on cordierite that contains P 2 O 5 and B 2 O 3 . Table 7 compares the properties of this substrate to those...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... working metalworking equipment microforming nickel-base alloys ring-rolling machines rolling mills surface-rolling machines thermomechanical process thread-rolling machines titanium-base alloys METALWORKING consists of deformation processes in which a metal billet or blank is shaped by tools...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... quantity of other niobium materials. (d) Apparent Applications Most niobium is consumed as a ferroalloy used in the production of high-strength low-alloy and stainless steels; the consumption of niobium-base metals and alloys accounts for about 6% of the total. The single largest use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... can also be achieved by liquid-phase sintering (LPS) for a particular class of tungsten-base alloys known as tungsten heavy alloys (WHAs). Porous molybdenum and tungsten parts can also be infiltrated with copper or silver to produce full-density composites. In special cases, refractory metals...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of light and dispersion of color. Compositions are based on barium, phosphorus, and borosilicate, among others. Color filler glasses are made by using transition elements, such as copper, titanium, vanadium, and chromium. Photosensitive glasses ( Ref 1 ) darken upon exposure to light and clear once...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... to study the shapes of grain-boundary precipitates in a silver-aluminum alloy ( Ref 12 ). Barrett and Yust (1967) showed the interconnectivity of voids in a sintered copper powder ( Ref 13 ). Ziolkowski (1985) used a “mikrotom” to perform a serial-sectioning study of grain-boundary precipitates in an α/β...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... domains, or bubbles, that can be oriented to store information and moved by an electric field for information readout. Memory devices can be made with silicon materials, bubbles, or magnetic tape or disks. These three technologies compete on the bases of cost and size. Silicon devices are low in cost...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... specific colors when examined with bright-field illumination, but overall, natural color is uncommon with metals and alloys. Fig. 1 Microstructure of a porous high-carbon steel powder metallurgy specimen infiltrated with copper showing the natural color of the copper, which is easier to see when...