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copper precipitation-strengthened steel

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005962
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract Copper steels are precipitation-strengthened steels that are designed to have a unique combination of physical and mechanical properties. This article provides an overview of copper precipitate-strengthened steels and their applications, and discusses appropriate ASTM International...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... toughness and ductility and reduce hardness in a manner similar to that used for alloy steels. The metallurgy of copper alloys is suited for using, singly or in combination, the various common strengthening mechanisms: solid solution and work hardening, as well as dispersed particle and precipitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... include: Aluminum-copper systems, with strengthening from coherent and transition precipitates prior to the formation of the equilibrium intermetallic CuAl 2 (2 xxx and 2 xx.x alloy series) Al-Cu-Mg systems, in which magnesium intensifies precipitation hardening with CuAl 2 (in the 2 xxx and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... 0.035 0.040 (c) (e) (a) All values are maximum. (b) CR, cold rolled; HR, hot rolled; SQ, structural quality; DQ, drawing quality; DQSK, drawing quality, special killed; CQ, commercial quality. (c) Copper when specified as copper-bearing steel; 0.20% min. (d) Aluminum as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... unintentional) tailoring of interstitial and substitutional solid solutions is arguably one of the most important methods by which the strength of alloys may be affected. Consider the effects of solid-solution strengthening on: Steels, where it is well established that interstitial carbon and nitrogen have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... treatable 2024, 2219, 2618, 2090 The major alloying element is copper or copper with magnesium or lithium. Provides mechanical properties similar to mild steel but has limited corrosion resistance and is especially prone to intergranular corrosion. Typical applications: aircraft structures, rivets, truck...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... automotive engine components. Its coefficient of linear thermal expansion (CTE) is particularly high, namely, twofold that of steel; this implies that special care must be taken, for example, for aluminum welding. Alloying elements may alter the CTE in different ways: silicon and copper reduce thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... elements such as copper, aluminum, or titanium. Precipitation-hardening stainless steels may be either austenitic or martensitic in the annealed condition. Those that are austenitic in the annealed condition are frequently transformable to martensite through conditioning heat treatments, sometimes with a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... commonly formed are characterized by strength and work-hardening rates between those of steel and aluminum alloys. This article reviews the general characteristics of copper and copper alloys and how these characteristics affect the behavior of strip in different types of forming operations. The attempt is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... density was achieved, and γ-precipitates, potentially cubic Ni 3 Sn, are observed along grain boundaries and are attributed to the high cooling rates ( Ref 74 ). Tin is added to copper as a solid-solution-strengthening mechanism and, as such, has a negative influence on electrical and thermal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... composition fabrication characteristics mechanical properties property characteristics wrought copper wrought copper alloys COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS constitute one of the major groups of commercial metals, ranking third behind only iron/steel and aluminum in terms of production and consumption...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... microstructures contain more than one phase, to the extent that beneficial quench and temper treatments are possible. The copper-aluminum alloys normally containing iron are heat treated by procedures somewhat similar to those used for heat treatment of steel and have isothermal transformation diagrams that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Copper and copper alloys constitute one of the major groups of commercial metals due to their excellent electrical and thermal conductivities, corrosion and fatigue resistance, ease of fabrication, and good strength. This Article lists the types, properties, fabrication characteristics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... B 591 Copper-zinc-tin alloy plate, sheet, strip, and rolled bar B 592 Copper-zinc-aluminum-cobalt or nickel-alloy plate, sheet, strip, and rolled bar B 694 Copper, copper alloy, and copper-clad stainless steel sheet and strip for electrical cable shielding B 740 Copper-nickel-tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... precipitation techniques to create submicron copper powders. Typically, a solution of copper is prepared with very specific composition and is precipitated under agitation for a controlled time, allowing the copper particles to grow. By manipulating process controls, the size, shape, and purity can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... joining processes that involve fusion of metal. Spot, seam, and projection welding are commonly used in sheet metal fabrications. The most commonly used material joined by these processes is low-carbon steel, although low-alloy steels, stainless steels, nickel, and copper-base alloys are also readily...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract The two most important classes of materials that are manufactured via infiltration methods are copper- and silver-infiltrated refractory metals and refractory carbides, and copper-infiltrated steels. This article focuses on copper-infiltrated steels and discusses the basic requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... and are most commonly used in applications for which stainless steels are inadequate. Others are used in specialized applications and should not be considered substitutes for stainless steel. Common types of heat treatments include: Homogenization (sometimes done as part solution treating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mechanical properties oxide-dispersion-strengthened copper materials physical properties powder metallurgy powder production COPPER-BASE POWDER METALLURGY (P/M) products rank second after iron and steel productsin terms of volume. According to the Metal Powder Industries Federation (MPIF), the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... methanol, and 20 mL H 2 O may also be used for copper-beryllium in conjunction with a stainless steel cathode, a mask of 0.5 to 1 cm 2 (0.08 to 0.16 in. 2 ) area, 20 to 30 V dc, and approximately 0.2 A. This technique is applicable to general polishing but is particularly suited to examining intermetallic...