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copper base systems

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract Monotectic alloys can be classified based on the difference between the critical temperature and the monotectic temperature. This article begins with a schematic illustration of monotectic reaction in copper-lead system. It discusses the solidification structures of monotectics and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... form of activities, activity coefficients, partial molar thermal properties, and integral molar properties for selected aluminum-base and copper-base alloys. The alloy systems have been chosen based on their commercial importance and on the concentration of the major alloying elements. In general, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... transformations are very common in the solidification of metals. Many interesting alloys undergo these types of reactions—for example, iron-carbon and iron-nickel-base alloys as well as copper-tin and copper-zinc alloys. The formation of peritectic structures can occur by at least three mechanisms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... alloying elements. A number of binary alloys form substitutional solid solutions with complete solubility at room temperature ( Table 1 ). The copper-nickel system is a good example of an isomorphous system, as mentioned in the article “Introduction to Phase Diagrams” in this Volume. Both copper and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... copper copper alloys corrosion control ductile iron ferrous metals localized corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion municipal wastewater systems protective coatings reinforced concrete pipes wastewater treatment THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE is to acquaint the reader with useful...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-digit designation indicates the group: Aluminum, ≥99.00% 1 xxx Aluminum alloys grouped by major alloying element(s):  Copper 2 xxx  Manganese 3 xxx  Silicon 4 xxx  Magnesium 5 xxx  Magnesium and silicon 6 xxx  Zinc 7 xxx  Other elements 8 xxx Unused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Virtually all metals can be cleaned by at least one of the available abrasive blasting processes, but the abrasive medium must be carefully selected for soft, fragile metals and their alloys, such as aluminum, magnesium, copper, zinc, and beryllium. Otherwise, abrasive blasting may result in severe surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... solder for a particular application. For soldering delicate electronic components where it is desirable to minimize heat, a low-melting-point solder such as the eutectic solder in Fig. 9 would be selected. On the other hand, when soldering copper plumbing connections, the plumber's solder would be a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... without dissolved gas removers. Biological contaminants: While the systems that contain copper do not usually have a problem with biological contamination, it is possible for algae or microorganisms to “infect” a cooling system. The contamination can result in corrosion, plugging, and reduced heat...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Equilibrium partition coefficients of a third element X in the Fe-C- X system Element X P X γ / L (a) P X Fe 3 C / L (a) P S P M Δ P = P M − P S calc exp calc exp Silicon 1.71 1.72 0 0.05 1.55 0.78 −0.77 Copper 1.57...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... factors that influence the selection of a casting method. It also describes the production of copper alloy castings. The article concludes with a discussion on the gating and feeding systems used in production of copper alloy castings. casting copper alloys crucible furnaces degassing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article provides information on the Unified Numbering System designations and temper designations of copper and copper alloys. It discusses the basic types of heat treating processes of copper and copper alloys, namely, homogenizing, annealing, and stress relieving, and hardening...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract The properties of copper alloys occur in unique combinations found in no other alloy system. This article focuses on the major and minor alloying additions and their impact on the properties of copper. It describes major alloying additions, such as zinc, tin, lead, aluminum, silicon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... Impurities, in particular, exacerbate corrosion by increasing the rate of hydrogen evolution. The tolerance limits for impurities such as iron, nickel, and copper in magnesium were quantified ( Ref 1 ), as was the importance of manganese in mitigating these effects ( Ref 2 ). Corrosion of magnesium can be...