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contaminant displacement

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... problems?” Metallurgist and Materials Technologist , Vol. 16 ( No. 7 ): 1984 , pp 341 – 342 . Contaminant Displacement/Interatomic Bonding Solid-State Welding Processes Mechanisms of Solid-State Bonding Extension of the Contacting Surfaces Separation of the Contaminated Areas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Solutions used with ultrasonic cleaning of various parts Table 1 Solutions used with ultrasonic cleaning of various parts Material of construction Types of parts Contaminants Suitable Cleaning agent Iron, steel, stainless steel Castings, Stampings, machined parts, drawn wire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., displacement, emulsification and dispersion, and metal oxide dissolution. The article concludes with information of the safety and environmental considerations in the usage of alkaline cleaners. Selected References Selected References • Bard G. , Cleaning and Surface Preparation , Met. Finish...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... technique, describing the advantages and limitations, applications, and properties of plated deposits. It also reviews process variables of the technique, including gold concentration, reducing agent, agitation, and contaminants. References References 1. Mallory G.O. and Hajdu J.B...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... bare metal surfaces. Many of these compounds also displace water, seawater, and other contaminants from the surfaces to be protected. Some CPCs also provide lubrication in addition to corrosion protection. CPCs range in appearance from thick black barrier coatings (MIL-PRF-16173, grade 1) ( Ref 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the factors that influence the corrosivity of produced fluids and the various treatments applicable for oil, gas, and pumping wells. It examines the primary causes of corrosion inhibition in waterfloods: oxygen contamination and acid gases dissolved in the brine. A discussion on the bacteria-induced corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... beams has become almost routine, even employing conventional optics. Spot Sizes Beam Monitoring Effect on Cooling/Solidification Rates Diffusion-Limited Kinetics Unmixed Zone Ripples Surface Contamination Fixtures Parameter Control Requirements Beam Scanning versus Part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract This article considers the main characteristics of wear mechanisms and how they can be identified. Some identification examples are reported, with the warning that this task can be difficult because of the presence of disturbing factors such as contaminants or possible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-specification welds, where tungsten contamination that is caused by the molten electrode surface can be tolerated. They are also used for alternating current (ac) welding of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and thin sections of low-alloy and stainless steels. Analysis of the arc discharge is separated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Fig. 4 Equivalent stress field, σ eq , at three steps of one ultrasonic cycle. Source: Ref 17 Fig. 5 Simulated displacements of the sonotrode versus time in height direction using different friction models. The external force applied on the sonotrode is 80 N (18 lb). The friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...-contaminated oil. Temperature 23 °C (73 °F). Source: Ref 23 Fig. 12 The effect of solution flow rate on the corrosion fatigue crack growth rate of a medium-sulfur, low-alloy steel tested in deaerated 288 °C (550 °F) water. Tests at high flow rate on the 3-side-open compact-type specimens permit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... Pycnometry: Determines density by measuring the difference between the specific and bulk volumes of a sample. This method is based on the displacement principle, using the powder as the solid body and helium, water, or mercury as the displaced medium. Pycnometry can be used to determine total pore volume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
..., and the pressure causes displacement of this material in the radial direction as flash. The objective is to generate sufficient heat, soften the material around the interface, and plastically displace material and surface contaminants to form a solid-state weld. An important criterion to achieving a high-integrity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... at once. If a physician is not readily available, warm the areas affected by frostbite with water that is near normal body temperature. Nitrogen, helium, and argon can cause asphyxiation in a confined area by displacing oxygen. Keep equipment areas well ventilated. Any atmosphere that does not contain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... , An Experimental Study of Sidewall Adhesion in Microelectromechanical Systems , J. Microelectromech. Syst ., Vol 14 ( No. 6 ), 2005 , p 1356 10.1109/JMEMS.2005.859076 57. Kokorian J. , Buja F. , and van Spengen W.M. , In-Plane Displacement Detection with Picometer Accuracy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to shipping, temper-mill lubricants are used. These lubricants must be compatible with the slushing oils that are designed to protect surfaces during shipping and handling. The use of polar additives in these slushing oils displaces the water diluent of the temper-mill lubricants. Prelubes, or mill...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... for shielding gas-tungsten arc welds, which is only partially responsible for its widespread use. Argon has a low ionization potential (2.52 × 10 −18 J, or 15.7 eV), making it easier to form an arc plasma than with other shielding gases. Argon is approximately 1.4 times heavier than air, so it displaces air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... in bending with loading bars Type 1d: notched C-rings loaded in bending with loading bolt Type 2a: unnotched ring specimens loaded in bending with displacement bars For platings, no stress is applied until the parts have been baked; baking is specified to occur within 1 h after plating...