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consumable-abrasive cutting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Abrasive finishing is a method where a large number of multipoint or random cutting edges are coupled with abrasive grains as a bond or matrix material for effective removal of material at smaller chip sizes. This article provides a broad overview of the various categories of abrasive...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... applications of water-jet cutting and abrasive water-jet cutting. aramid composites conventional machining techniques cutting systems drilling graphite composites laser cutting polymer-matrix composites water-jet cutting COMPOSITES, though superior to conventional materials in many physical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Effective application of cutting fluids can also lengthen tool life, decrease surface roughness, increase dimensional accuracy, and decrease the amount of power that is consumed when cutting dry. Knowledge of cutting fluid functions, types, physical limitations, and compositions plays an important role in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... loose abrasives that enhance cutting capabilities of media. Abrasives are seldom recommended in vibratory systems. The media in the mass finishing operation are equivalent to the tooling used in any machining operation. The functions of media are to abrade or burnish edges and surfaces of components...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... machining, electrical discharge machining, chemical machining, abrasive jet machining, laser beam machining, electron beam machining, ultrasonic impact grinding, hydrodynamic machining, thermochemical machining, abrasive flow machining, and electrical discharge wire cutting. abrasive jet machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... size, machining, descaling, cutting to length, and lubricating. It lists the advantages of the cold heading over machining. Materials selection criteria for dies and punches in cold heading are also described. The article provides examples that demonstrate tolerance capabilities and show dimensional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... applications, abrasive usage is not excessive and nonreclamation is reasonable. In continuous-duty operation, 0.2 to 0.5 kg ( 1 2 to 1 lb) of abrasive is consumed per hour. Grit consists of angular metallic particles with high cutting power. Grit is usually made of crushed, hardened cast steel shot...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... density and strength. Finishing methods can be classified as those that use defined cutting edges (turning, milling, and drilling), those that use multipoint or random cutting edges (e.g., grinding wheels, abrasive belts, or abrasive slurries), and those that do not use abrasives (e.g., laser machining...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloys. Hardfacing applications for wear control vary widely, ranging from very severe abrasive wear service, such as rock crushing and pulverizing to applications to minimize metal-to-metal wear. This article discusses the types of hardfacing alloys, namely iron-base alloys, nonferrous alloys, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of samples prone to abrasion damage and artifacts for quantitative image analysis. abrasion artifacts abrasion damage computer technology microhardness analysis microstructural analysis optical microscopy quantitative image analysis sample preparation surface analysis surface finishing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-determining processes for consumer goods and machinery ( Ref 5 ). While some types of material removal are beneficial (cutting, grinding, and polishing), wear of a single component (e.g., a bearing in the main rotor of a helicopter) can lead to catastrophic failure ( Ref 6 ). The nearly imperceptible wear of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sectioning processes produce damage; some methods (such as flame cutting) produce extreme amounts of damage. Traditional laboratory sectioning procedures using abrasive cut-off saws introduce minor damage that varies with the material being cut and its thermal and mechanical history. This damage must be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... increases, abrasives become dull more quickly, and the binder must be adjusted to release the abrasives when they become dull, so that fresh abrasive particles are available to maintain cutting speed and efficiency. Consequently, these wheels are called “consumable” wheels, because they wear away with use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., mechanical, chemical, and electrochemical and their effectiveness and applicability. The mechanical cleaning methods include grinding, brushing, steam or flame jet cleaning, abrasive blasting, and tumbling. Solvent cleaning, emulsion cleaning, alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, pickling, and descaling are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... High surface hardness. This governs the selection of abrasive materials and their cutting behavior. Low heat conductivity. This requires attention to precautionary measures that will prevent rapid or excessive rise in temperature, which can cause heat tint discoloration and, possibly, a reduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... finishing method involves creation of new surfaces, higher hardness always implies greater machining forces (e.g., it is more difficult to machine harder steel than softer steel). Higher hardness also implies greater wear of the cutting tool or abrasive product. This may be due to the wear caused by direct...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... through the oxygen orifice. An infrared sensing measurement is made to the computer controlling the robot. If the signal indicates kindling temperature, oxygen is employed, and the cut is continued. Blast cleaning of castings is a process in which abrasive particles, usually steel shot or grit, are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... abrasive are described in SSPC-TR 2/NACE 6G198. A range of ratios of water to abrasive can be used. More abrasive increases cutting power. The damp blasting method, in which a limited amount of water is added to the abrasive at the blast nozzle, provides a good combination of cutting power and debris...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...-applied linings. A steel or other metal surface is thoroughly cleaned, usually by solvent cleaning and abrasive blast cleaning. An adhesive system, designed to adhere the rubber to the metal, then is applied. The adhesive may be a single or multicoat system. Next, the rubber sheet is cut to fit and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... consumed in the United States is used in superalloys. Worldwide, however, superalloys constitute about 26% of cobalt consumed. One of the fastest growing end-use sectors for cobalt is that of LiCoO 2 rechargeable batteries used for portable electronic devices such as mobile phones, camcorders, computers...