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concrete aggregate composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and other embedded metals, chlorides, carbonation, galvanic corrosion, chemical attack, alkali-aggregate reaction, abrasion, erosion, and cavitation as well as many other factors. The article addresses the durability of concrete by two approaches, namely, the prescriptive approach and the performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the environmental performance of the most commonly used nonmetallic materials, including elastomers, plastics, thermosetting resins, resin-matrix composites, organic coatings, concrete, refractories, and ceramics. It also discusses the applications...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... water absorption. They must have sufficient flexural strength to support workers walking on the roof. Aggregates Certain clays and shales will bloat during firing and produce an expanded product of reduced density. This can be crushed and sized to produce a lightweight aggregate for concrete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Rehabilitation is the process of repairing or modifying reinforced concrete structures to a desired useful condition. This article describes the operational steps for the structural assessment of reinforced concrete structures. It discusses the classification of composite materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... in the rheological properties and composition (aggregate content) of pumpable mixtures as well as the maximum particle size that can be used. There are construction-scale AM technologies that rely on processes other than material extrusion. For example, multiple technologies have been developed that use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... terminology and includes excellent graphics. For terms specific to concrete, refer to Ref 21 and the glossary in Ref 22 . Concrete: Implications for Corrosion Reinforced concrete is a heterogeneous composite material. Concrete affords corrosion protection for reinforcing steels by providing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Polymeric floor coatings refer to flooring materials composed of multicomponent thermoset resins formulated with various fillers and pigments that are installed in situ, usually over concrete substrates. Polymeric flooring systems, specified for all industrial and commercial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... effect on the selection (or rejection) of fiber-resin combinations from a variety of alternatives. Fig. 1 Types of renewal strategies for civil infrastructure Conventional Materials versus Composites Conventional materials, such as steel, concrete, and wood, have a number of advantages...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... surrounding aggregate particles. The major difference between mortar and concrete is in the size of the aggregate. Concrete contains a high proportion of large aggregate, such as gravel and crushed rock. Steel that is embedded in concrete, generally as reinforcement, can be of two main types. In conventional...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to increase quality (by reducing cracking and improving shrinkage control) and to reduce energy cost (by 10%). Fired scrap from various ceramic products is also being used in other industries. For instance, crushed concrete has been used as construction aggregate, and brick scrap has been used for landscaping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... concrete is generally not attacked aggressively by raw water. An exception is extremely low-alkalinity (acidic), low-hardness (soft) water, which promotes aqueous-phase carbonation that can cause cement paste dissolution, exposing coarse aggregate and ultimately the reinforcing steel. Such situations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... aggregate reaction, where free alkali oxides, namely sodium and potassium oxide, in concrete react with reactive silica or carbonates in aggregates to form alkali silicates that absorb moisture, resulting in volume expansion and crack formation in concrete. Current practices to mitigate the detrimental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... the Seine River near Le Havre, France. Source: Ref 3 Recent U.S. cable-stayed bridges have tended to use I-shaped steel edge girders made composite with concrete decks. Suspension Bridges Suspension bridges, two examples of which are pictured in Fig. 6 , also have cable-suspended deck...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... ceramics, refractories, structural ceramics, engineering ceramics, and electronic and magnetic ceramics. General processing variables that can affect structure and compositional homogeneity are discussed. Traditional ceramics that include both oxide and nonoxide ceramics are also reviewed. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... copper copper alloys corrosion control ductile iron ferrous metals localized corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion municipal wastewater systems protective coatings reinforced concrete pipes wastewater treatment THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE is to acquaint the reader with useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... cleanness, composition, and pH Aggregates are naturally occurring or artificially made. Their properties affect the behavior of the mold significantly, so they must be checked. Grain Shape Characterization of grain shape is based on visual examination under an optical microscope. The magnified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The use of paints or dyes to mark components can also alter the corrosion resistance of a component and the chemical composition of a corrosion product. In short, any alteration of the system prior to the corrosion should be noted and documented. The chain of events leading to and occurring after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and specific corrosion problems that affect them. It discusses the composition and corrosive nature of white water. The article also addresses the corrosion and chemical recovery associated with kraft pulping liquors. bleach plant equipment neutral sulfite semichemical pulping construction materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... operations. The more common systems are polymer concrete, abrasion-resistant overcoating, and weight coat. What Is Polymer Concrete? Polymer concrete ( Fig. 37 ) is a mixture of concrete aggregate and an epoxy binder. As an outer coating, it has been used to protect the FBE coating on steel pipe when...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6