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computed tomography

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Computed tomography (CT) is an imaging technique that generates a three-dimensional (3-D) volumetric image of a test piece. This article illustrates the basic principles of CT and provides information on the types, applications, and capabilities of CT systems. A comparison of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...-ray density determination, and visual inspection. defects relative density pressed and sintered powder metallurgy parts cracks microlaminations voids direct-current resistivity testing radiographic techniques computed tomography gamma-ray density testing automated nondestructive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract This article introduces the principal methodologies and some advanced technologies that are being applied for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites. These include acoustic emission, ultrasonic, eddy-current, computed tomography, electromagnetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-ultrasonics, radiography, X-ray computed tomography, thermography, low-frequency vibration methods, acoustic emission, eddy current testing, optical holography, and shearography. The article presents some examples are for fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites. Many of the techniques have general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... micro-X-ray computed tomography in studying powder porosity characteristics nondestructively. bulk density carney flow test hall flow test particle morphology powder flowability shear properties Powder-bed additive manufacturing (AM) processes, such as laser powder-bed fusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... techniques. The article also discusses the techniques for reconstruction and visualization of 3D microstructures with advanced computer software and hardware. 3D images atom probe tomography computer hardware computer software data reconstruction data visualization direct-imaging methods focused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... imaging, computed tomography, positron emission tomography, microscopy, and scientific and industrial imaging applications. It supports both grayscale and color images stored in DICOM, TIFF, Interfile, GIF, JPEG, PNG, BMP, PGM, MRC, RAW, or other image file formats. 3D-DOCTOR creates three-dimensional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Methods” and “Focused Ion Beam Tomography.” There are a number of computer software packages currently available for 3-D reconstruction and analysis. Some programs are free (e.g., NIH ImageJ, etdips, IMOD, Paraview, etc.), while others are commercially available (e.g., Interactive Data Language...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract This article describes a method to predict mechanical properties of cast iron materials and illustrates how to use the predictions in computer-aided tools for the analysis of castings subjected to load. It outlines some ways to predict the hardness and elastic modulus of cast iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Abstract Ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM) is a solid-state hybrid manufacturing technique that leverages the principles of ultrasonic welding, mechanized tape layering, and computer numerical control (CNC) machining operations to create three-dimensional metal parts. This article begins...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... than a large-scale accident. The approach presented is that the analysis and reconstruction is based on the physical evidence. The article provides a brief review of some general concepts on the use and limitations of advanced data acquisition tools and computer modeling. Legal implications of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sectioning for microstructural examination. Optical metallographic photography is used to document the microstructure and internal structural conditions of a failed component. Nondestructive inspection may be required to document cracks present in a component. Computed tomography radiography may be required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... magnetic material Not suitable for nonmagnetic material Online monitoring; can sense stress without cracking Magnetic metals, steel, nickel, iron, chrome Radiography, computed tomography, digital x-ray, neutron radiographic testing, x-ray diffraction Penetrating rays of x-ray, gamma rays, or...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... inspection involves viewing of a real-time image on a fluorescent screen or image-intensifier, the radiographic process is termed “real-time inspection.” When electronic, nonimaging instruments are used to measure the intensity of radiation, the process is termed “radiation gaging.” Tomography, a radiation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Acoustic Method NDT,” The Modal Shop, 2017 , http://www.modalshop.com/techlibrary/Fundamentals of Resonant Acoustic Method NDT.pdf (accessed Jan. 26, 2018) 29. Shah P. , Racasan R. , and Bills P. , Comparison of Different Additive Manufacturing Methods Using Computed Tomography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... inspection methods, such as leaky Lamb wave, polar backscattering, nonlinear acoustics, ultrasonic, radiography, computed tomography, and infrared thermography, to name a few. The continued development of these technologies could effectively make huge improvements in some markets. Data fusion systems are...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0006515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... CAB cellulose acetate-butyrate CAD/CAM computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing CAP cellulose acetate-propionate CARES Ceramic Analysis and Reliability Evaluation of Structures CAS chemical abstract system CAT computer-aided tomography CBN...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... traditional film techniques and are becoming widely available for specific failure analysis applications. Backscatter x-ray imaging, computed radiography, digital radiography, and computed tomography (CT) are available to investigate the volume of the component where traditional RT and UT techniques may not...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... with the electronic microscope in the microanalysis of samples. The accuracy of this analytical technique is considerably less than the accuracy of WXRFS. One of the most important advantages of XRFS is the automation of the spectrometer by a computer. Another important advantage is its ability to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... recording medium (usually film), a real-time imaging medium (such as fluorescent screens or scintillation crystals), computed radiography, digital radiography, or computed tomography. The imaging process can also be assisted with the use of intensifying or filtration screens, which intensify the conversion...