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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... (evaporation) pump Getter ion pump Sublimation (evaporation) ion pump Sputter ion pump Cryopump Cryosorption pump Classification of compressor types Table 8 Classification of compressor types Positive-displacement Reciprocating Oil-free Oil-feed Rotary Dry oil-free (twin-screw...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 1 Reduction of fatigue life of a martensitic stainless steel in a saltwater environment. Source: Adapted from Ref 1 Fig. 3 Regimes of high-temperature attack. Temperatures are approximate. Fig. 2 Compressor coating. The coating is composed of an aluminum-filled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., which are necessary components in almost every internal combustion engine for cars, trucks, and machinery, as well as pumps, compressors, and other devices. Similar to crankshafts, camshafts also belong to the same group of the critical engine/powertrain components. This article focuses on induction...
Book Chapter

By Charles V. White
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... iron castings are used widely in pressure applications such as cylinder blocks, manifolds, pipe and pipe fittings, compressors, and pumps. Where high impact resistance is needed, gray iron is not recommended. The machinability of most gray cast iron is superior to that of most other cast irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000612
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...-overload fracture, low-cycle and high-cycle fatigue fracture, fracture surface, brittle intergranular fracture, hydrogen embrittlement, and intergranular stress-corrosion cracking of stainless steel components of these steels. The components include high-pressure compressor parts, springs, deflector yokes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of key thermal spray coatings used in compressors, combustors, and turbine sections of a power-generation gas turbine. It describes the critical components, including combustors, transition ducts, inlet nozzle guide vanes, and first-stage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., greases, transportation gear oils, compressor oils, hydraulic fluids, and transmission fluids. References References 1. Rudnick L.R. , Chap. 1 , Synthetics, Mineral Oils and Bio-Based Lubricants , 2nd ed. , CRC Press, Taylor & Francis , 2013 , p 3 – 40 2. Stribeck R...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... large land-based gas turbine compressor sealing systems. In an industrial application example concerning gas compressors used in an ethylene production plant ( Ref 3 ), gas leakage across labyrinth, shaft, and balance piston seals was estimated at approximately 4% of total efficiency losses. Assuming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... coatings in reducing the predominant types of wear. DURING THE DESIGN of many devices, such as gas turbines used in power generation and aerospace, compressors, pumps, rolls used in paper production, wire drawing, and other industrial components, the wear performance of the surface is a critical aspect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... irons 242.0 Heavy-duty pistons; air-cooled cylinder heads; aircraft generator housings A242.0 Diesel and aircraft pistons; air-cooled cylinder heads; aircraft generator housings B295.0 Gear housings; aircraft fittings; compressor connecting rods; railway car seat frames 308.0 General...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... components: Nonetheless, conventional spray is still one of the most frequently used application methods. The equipment required for conventional spray application of coatings is discussed subsequently. Air compressors can be of various types, with the size usually dependent on the amount of air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Compressor housing Al-12Si + resin APS + Protection of base material Oxygen sensor Spinel APS +++ Abrasion resistance Piston Fe+Al+Si+FeCr HVOF + Drivetrain Scuffing resistance and high friction Synchronizer ring Mo Arc spray +++ Al-12Si+Mo APS Shift fork Mo Flame...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Summary of wear and friction issues that are typically encountered in gas turbines Table 1 Summary of wear and friction issues that are typically encountered in gas turbines Gas turbine section Components involved Potential issues Remarks High pressure compressor Compressor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... strength ( Tables 5 and 6 ). Sand castings include printing press bedplates, air compressor pistons, water jackets, crankcases, and electric motor fans and blowers. Permanent-mold castings are used for high-strength fittings, impellors, timing gears and aircraft supercharger covers. Automotive uses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Compressed air then blows away this molten metal. The process requires a welding power source, an air compressor, a carbon electrode, and a gouging torch. Figure 1 shows how the components are typically arranged. Fig. 1 Arrangement of components used in the CAC-A process Cuts or gouges should...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... dimension Arc spray Aluminum bronze Compressor cylinders Restore dimension Arc spray 420 stainless steel Processing tanks Corrosion Flame spray Aluminum HVOF, high-velocity oxyfuel. Source: Ref 1 An ideal class of materials for this purpose is represented by cemented carbides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applications include compressor disks and blades for the aerospace gas turbine engine industry. Ti-6-4; Ti-64; Ti-6-4 ELI; Ti-64 ELI. R56400 (Ti-6Al-4V); R56401 (Ti-6Al-4V-ELI). Ti-6Al-4V: 5.5 to 6.75 Al; 3.5 to 4.5 V; 0.05 max N; 0.10 max C; 0.015 max H; 0.40 max Fe; 0.20 max O; 0.1 max others...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... used for the past ten years by Synertech PM (founded in 2000) who have produced titanium parts for a variety of rocket engines, gas compressors, and test parts for jet engines and airframes and has opened up the possibilities of significant cost reduction and introduction of titanium for various cost...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and Chains Oil Collar Pressurized Feed Mist Lubrication Gear Oil Hydraulic Oils Turbine Oils Compressor Lubricants Refrigerator Oils Circulation Oils Misting Oils Low-Temperature Flow Properties Viscosity Loss Foaming and Air Release Thermal Expansion Bulk Modulus...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., and all properties at each point of each inlet and outlet are constant in time. For example, consider an air compressor with constant Q ˙ and W ˙ . An observer on the compressor casing does not observe a steady-flow condition because there are flow-rate pulsations at the inlet...