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composite specimen

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... load ratio Test specimen condition, dry or wet The information in this article is largely taken from the Section “Forms and Properties of Composite Materials” in Composites, Volume 1, Engineered Materials Handbook, ASM International, 1987, p 353–415. The Section...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... are enhanced by the biodegradation process. Biodegradation is defined as “the gradual breakdown of a material that is mediated by a specific biological activity” ( Ref 51 ). Resin specimens incubated in acidic buffers with no enzymes demonstrated decreased surface hardness compared to specimens...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... fundamentals of tensile testing of fiber-reinforced composites, this article describes environmental exposures that can occur during specimen preparation and testing. These include exposures during specimen preparation, and planned exposure such as moisture, damage (impact), and thermal cycling. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... temperatures. Reports of TMA data should include, in addition to the strain-versus-temperature plot, the heating and cooling rates, the time and temperature of any isothermal holds, the dimensions and composition of the specimen, the applied forces or stresses, the calibration standard, instrument identity...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... HY steel compositions and programmed-cooling-rate thermal cycles for the base metal and weld wire. The vertical axis is a plot of a parameter derived from the specimen strength ratio in ASTM E 399, “Test Method for Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials”—i.e., 6 P max / B ( W − a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the methods and equipments involved in the preparation of specimens for examination by light optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis for microindentation hardness testing, and for quantification of microstructural parameters...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., which releases various data signals containing structural and compositional information. Because electron are used as the radiation source instead of light photons, resolution is improved. Simultaneously, because the specimen is irradiated in a time-sequenced mode, high depth of field is attained, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs) are being developed for a number of high-temperature and high-performance applications in industrial, aerospace, and energy conservation sectors. This article focuses on processing, fabrication, testing, and characterization methods of CMCs, namely...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mechanical properties for particle-reinforced aluminum alloys. Table 7 Typical properties of MMC billet and extruded plate having density of 2.86 g/cm 3 (0.103 lb/in. 3 ) to show the effects of SiC whisker alignment MMC material form Test specimen orientation Ultimate tensile Yield strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... stripping, organic-solvent cleaning, water-base detergent cleaning, cathodic cleaning, and chemical-etch cleaning. cleaning cracks fractography nondestructive inspection specimen preparation specimen preservation specimen sectioning steel fracture FRACTURE SURFACES are fragile and subject...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Carbon-carbon composites (CCCs) are introduced in fields that require their high specific strength and stiffness, in combination with their thermoshock resistance, chemical resistance, and fracture toughness, especially at high temperatures. The use of CCCs has expanded as the price of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Moderate for delaminations and inclusions; not applicable to other defects Good Fair High Eddy current Laminate composition, cracks Good Suitable for checking of volume fraction of reinforcement Good Simple to use and no contact with specimens Low Acoustic emission Cracks, delamination...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the specimen. Tension load was applied. The control specimen with the terminating plies cut off straight and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis failed at 77% of the parent allowable by the peeling away of the extra ply. Of the specimens with several kinds of serrations cut into the end of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... CoC without performing chemical analysis, because the CoC may have errors, or worse, falsified records. There are some sampling considerations in attempting to determine the bulk chemistry of a metallic part. Sampling must be performed such that a sufficiently large specimen is obtained for the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... aluminum conductor cables ( Ref 98 ) ( Fig. 19 ). Fig. 19 Aluminum conductor composite-reinforced cable specimen. Note the seven inner Al 2 O 3 /Al metal-matrix composite (MMC) core wires The resistivity of Al 2 O 3 (99.7 wt% pure) is greater than approximately 10 14 Ω·cm ( Ref 24 ), and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... nozzles, and tension, flexural, compressive, and shear loadings. carbon-epoxy composites composite prepreg fractograph resin-matrix composites Fig. 1294 Fracture surface of a Fiberite 934 epoxy resin specimen that failed in tension. The specimen was tested at 25 °C (77 °F) in the dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the principles and applications of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for the analysis of elemental and chemical composition. The discussion covers the nomenclature, instruments, and specimen preparation process of XPS. Some of the factors pertinent to the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... processes involved in the selection of metallurgical samples, the preparation and examination of metallographic specimens in failure analysis, and the analysis and interpretation of microstructures. Examination and evaluation of polymers and ceramic materials in failure analysis are also briefly discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000625
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... tensile fracture Fig. 1250 Surface of a fracture in a longitudinal tensile-test specimen of a carbon (graphite)-magnesium composite having a tensile strength of 640 MPa (93 ksi). The approximate makeup of the composite was 40% graphite fibers and 60% magnesium matrix (99.5% pure), by volume. See...