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composite laminates

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...Abstract Abstract Knowledge of fatigue behavior at the laminate level is essential for understanding the fatigue life of a laminated composite structure. This article describes fatigue failure of composite laminates in terms of layer cracking, delamination, and fiber break and interface...
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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 4 Fiber arrangements. Composite laminates are generally fabricated by rotating lamina axes as shown by the twist example on the left. However, loads that are off-fiber axes cause large inter- and intralaminar matrix stresses. Safer structures can often be designed by using curved or splayed More
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Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 7 Selection of lay-up pattern for carbon-fiber-reinforced composite laminates More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 25 Stress concentration adjacent to a hole in a composite laminate subjected to uniaxial loading More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 48 Delamination patterns for a [0/90/0] composite laminate. Adapted from Ref 30 More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 49 Matrix cracks in a [0/90/0] composite laminate. (a) First interface delamination pattern. (b) Second interface delamination pattern. Adapted from Ref 30 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 3 Carbon fiber composite laminate labeled for sectioning using a silver ink felt-tip permanent marker. This sample with the corresponding section map was originally sent for nondestructive inspection. More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 1 Microcracks in a carbon fiber composite laminate due to thermal cycling. (a) Resin-rich region in the composite. Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 10× objective. (b) Resin-rich region containing a large void. Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 10× objective More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 13 Lightning strike damage in a carbon fiber composite laminate having metal foil on the surface for protection. (a) Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 4× objective. (b) Transmitted light (ultrathin section), circular polarized light, 4× objective. The impregnation outline of the epoxy More
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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 3 Typical composite laminate configurations More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article presents the basic guidelines considered in designing a composite structure, and the basic definitions of terms that apply to composites. It describes the analysis of a composite laminate based on stress-strain relationships, stress-strain load relationships...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and short- and long-term properties of a fiber reinforced composite laminate depending on material selection and workmanship. The article also presents the basic design guidelines for open molding. open molding polymer-matrix composites thermoset composites hand lay-up spray-up process matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... properties. Composite laminates are constructed from lamina with uniaxial fiber orientation and frequently from textile fabrics as well. The article explains the characteristics of symmetric in-plane and through-thickness laminates; asymmetric in-plane and symmetric through-thickness laminates; asymmetric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article presents the importance of progressing from post-manufacturing inspection/verification to in-process inspection/verification methods. It lists the various quality assurance factors considered for typical composite laminate lay-up process. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... methods, and composite laminate tests. The effects of interphase and fiber-matrix adhesion on composite mechanical properties, such as composite on-axis properties, composite off-axis properties, and composite fracture properties, are also discussed. fiber-matrix adhesion composite material fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... years of composites development. Micromechanics has limitations in predicting higher level lamina properties, so many current approaches use macromechanics (addressed in the article “Macromechanics Analysis of Laminate Properties” ). As composite analysis continues to expand, refinements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the load is applied perpendicular to the composite laminate and failure occurs in the plane of the reinforcement. Interlaminar fractures occur following mode I tension or fatigue loading, mode II shear or fatigue loading, flexural loading, and impact loading on the surface of the laminate. Interlaminar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... such as mechanistic or phenomenological, for composite materials under cyclic loading. composite structures damage tolerance delamination material degradation compression loading fatigue life bearing failure fatigue damage life prediction model quasi-isotropic laminate tension-compression fatigue...
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Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 24 S - N curve comparing blind fasteners with screws and nutplates in composite laminate More
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Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 8 Selection of lay-up pattern for bolted repair of lightly loaded fibrous composite laminates More