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commercial transport aircrafts

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... for lower wing surface residual strength crack resistance Fig. 8 Tradeoff between detectable crack size and safe inspection Abstract Damage tolerance is a philosophy used for maintaining the structural safety of commercial transport aircrafts. This article describes the structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... values are subject to inquiry. (b) Alloy 2024 fracture toughness is not guaranteed. Alloy 2324-T39 plate is available in thickness of 20–33 mm (0.75–1.3 in.). A typical application of 2324-T39 is the lower wing skin of commercial transport aircraft. Alloy 2324-T39 fatigue properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , 1994 , p 51 – 85 16. Wooley J.H. , Paschal D.R. , and Crilly E.R. , “Flight Service Evaluation of PRD-49/Epoxy Composite Panels in Wide-Bodied Commercial Transport Aircraft,” NASA CR-112250, National Aeronautics and Space Administration , March 1973 17. Stone R.H...
Book Chapter

By Karl K. Chang
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , Comprehensive Composite Materials , Vol 2 , Kelly A. and Zweben C. , Ed., Elsevier Science , 2000 , p 200 – 229 29. Stone R.H. , “Flight Service Evaluation of Kevlar 49/Epoxy Composite Panels in Wide Body Commercial Transport Aircraft,” Contractor Report 159231, National...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... impact on improving the corrosion performance of automotive bodies. Stainless steel use has increased over the past 25 years. Most exhaust systems use stainless steel or aluminized stainless steel for corrosion resistance. One of the major concerns of the commercial aircraft and airline industry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of Commercial Fleet for Economic Management of Inspection and Repair , FAA/NASA/DOD Conference on Aging Aircraft ( Albuquerque, NM , Sept 1999 , p 29 – 38 9. Akdeniz A. and Das G.K. , Influence of Undetected Hidden Corrosion on Structural Airworthiness of Aging Jet Transports...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... materials, which can be exploited to create extremely lightweight structures. DRA, discontinuously reinforced aluminum; DRTi; discontinously reinforced titanium; Q/I, quasi-isotropic; P, polyacrylonitrile PAN fibers; A, aramid fibers Fig. 9 Exhaust nozzle of an F414 engine on an F-18 E/F aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... companies and airframe manufacturers using the remaining 35%. Commercial market requirements on quality are normally less demanding than for aircraft and transportation businesses. Nevertheless, control of the processes is still very important in reducing scrap-related costs. Industries that use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and the removal of products of corrosion reactions. It provides the medium through which transport of ionic species between anodic and cathodic sites occurs. It connects the atomic- and molecular-level processes of corrosion with the macroscopic processes of chemical processing, construction, energy production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... being used for upper wing skins on large commercial aircraft where high compressive yield strength is the major requirement. Alloy 7150-T6151 is the highest-strength aluminum plate alloy/temper currently available for commercial aircraft applications ( Table 3 ). Alloy 7150 is developed specifically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... for building and construction, transportation, automobile sheet, truck and automobile wheels 7 xxx Aircraft sheet, plate, forgings, and extrusions; sports equipment; armor plate 8 xxx Foil, electrical conductors, formed containers, bright specialty products In the following review...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Resistant Aircraft Design , 14th Symposium of the International Committee on Aeronautical Fatigue , Ottawa , 1987 , Douglas Paper 7768, p 4 – 11 18. Stone M. , Fatigue and Fail-Safe Design of a New Jet Transport Airplane , Fatigue Design Procedures , Proceedings of the 4th Symposium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to that property or combination of properties ( Ref 1 ). Polymeric-matrix composite reinforcing fibers have adequate strength and yield adequate composite strength. Their value-in-use, therefore, depends mostly on their stiffness or elastic modulus (GPa). In transportation, aircraft, and aerospace applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... with an indication of progress at the time of this writing. This work has been done by the Commercial Aircraft Composite Repair Committee (CACRC), a combination of previous Air Transport Association of America (ATA), International Air Transport Association (IATA), and Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) committees...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... , Ref 25 ). For naval aircraft alone it is estimated as nearly $1 billion per year ( Ref 2 , 19 , 20 ). Since NAVAIR has varieties of aircraft in its inventory such as surveillance, strike, rotary wing, trainers, tankers, and transport, the corrosion problems also vary greatly and depend upon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to laminate wrinkling that seems to be inherent in many integrally stiffened co-cured panels ( Fig. 3 ). Honeycomb sandwich constructions have been used extensively for lightly loaded control surfaces, access doors, and fairings on large commercial transport aircraft; however, it is questionable whether...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... strength of 2024 with the corrosion resistance of the commercially pure cladding. Used for truck wheels, many structural aircraft applications, gears for machinery, screw machine products, automotive parts, cylinders and pistons, fasteners, machine parts, ordnance, recreation equipment, screws and rivets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Electrical utilities Telecommunications Transportation Motor vehicles Ships Aircraft Railroad cars Hazardous materials transport Production and manufacturing Oil and gas exploration and production Mining Petroleum refining Chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical Pulp and paper Agricultural Food...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... products (23%), which make use of the high electrical conductivity of copper; consumer products (11%); transportation (10%); and industrial machinery and equipment (10%). There are many alloys of copper, notably the brasses and bronzes. The main reason for alloying copper is to provide materials of higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... for commercial aircraft, windmill blades, structural parts for civil applications, and structural parts for the automotive and other transportation industries. The author would like to thank the following companies for reference photos: The Boeing Company, Construcciones Aeronauticas S.A., Aerostructures...