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commercial transport aircrafts

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract Damage tolerance is a philosophy used for maintaining the structural safety of commercial transport aircrafts. This article describes the structural evaluations necessary to comply with the regulations contained in the Federal Air worthiness Requirements 25.571 whose guidance is given...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... in thickness of 20–33 mm (0.75–1.3 in.). A typical application of 2324-T39 is the lower wing skin of commercial transport aircraft. Alloy 2324-T39 fatigue properties are similar to those of alloy 2024-T351. The stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and exfoliation resistance of 2324-T39 also are similar to those...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... efforts have been made by industry groups to identify commonly occurring failures. Examples include the Commercial Aircraft Composite Repair Committee (CACRC), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Research Council, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) in 1991...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of automotive bodies. Stainless steel use has increased over the past 25 years. Most exhaust systems use stainless steel or aluminized stainless steel for corrosion resistance. Corrosion in Commercial Aviation One of the major concerns of the commercial aircraft and airline industry is the aging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... THE COMBINED SHARE of composite materials and titanium alloys in commercial aircraft structure has steadily increased at the expense of aluminum, the major material in use (by weight) and one that is corrosion susceptible ( Fig. 1 ). The susceptibility of aluminum to corrosion and its wide application...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and airframe manufacturers using the remaining 35%. Commercial market requirements on quality are normally less demanding than for aircraft and transportation businesses. Nevertheless, control of the processes is still very important in reducing scrap-related costs. Industries that use advanced materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and insertion of high-performance OMCs. The energy crisis during the 1970s provided a significant incentive for the introduction of OMCs into commercial aircraft, and the successful experience in military aircraft was an important factor in their acceptance in the commercial industry. Dramatic improvements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... on large commercial aircraft where high compressive yield strength is the major requirement. Alloy 7150-T6151 is the highest-strength aluminum plate alloy/temper currently available for commercial aircraft applications ( Table 3 ). Alloy 7150 is developed specifically for peak strength properties in thick...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to human activities. Water is supercritical above its vapor-liquid critical point, 374 °C (706 °F) and 22 MPa (3.191 ksi). Supercritical water has unique solvating, transport, and compressibility properties compared to liquid water and steam. These properties are finding growing commercial applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to introduce some degree of standardization are described in this article together with an indication of progress at the time of this writing. This work has been done by the Commercial Aircraft Composite Repair Committee (CACRC), a combination of previous Air Transport Association of America (ATA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... is critical to aircraft safety. Life extension using the damage tolerance design method has become more prominent in the aviation industry. As the average age of the world's transport fleet continues to rise, this analysis technique becomes more widespread. With the increasing cost of new aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Their value-in-use, therefore, depends mostly on their stiffness or elastic modulus (GPa). In transportation, aircraft, and aerospace applications, value-in-use additionally depends on their density, g/cm 3 (lb/in. 3 ), and therefore on the specific modulus. Specific properties are material properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... for added strength, light weight, and fabrication economy. Some examples of future applications could include composite wings for commercial aircraft, windmill blades, structural parts for civil applications, and structural parts for the automotive and other transportation industries. Acknowledgments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... (23%), which make use of the high electrical conductivity of copper; consumer products (11%); transportation (10%); and industrial machinery and equipment (10%). There are many alloys of copper, notably the brasses and bronzes. The main reason for alloying copper is to provide materials of higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... it is estimated as nearly $1 billion per year ( Ref 2 , 19 , 20 ). Since NAVAIR has varieties of aircraft in its inventory such as surveillance, strike, rotary wing, trainers, tankers, and transport, the corrosion problems also vary greatly and depend upon their mission and area of deployment. It must be noted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., trucks, weld wire 6 xxx Extrusions for building and construction, transportation, automobile sheet, truck and automobile wheels 7 xxx Aircraft sheet, plate, forgings, and extrusions; sports equipment; armor plate 8 xxx Foil, electrical conductors, formed containers, bright specialty...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Railroads Utilities Gas distribution Drinking water and sewer systems Electrical utilities Telecommunications Transportation Motor vehicles Ships Aircraft Railroad cars Hazardous materials transport Production and manufacturing Oil and gas exploration and production Mining Petroleum refining...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... research and development programs aimed at placing advanced composite materials in widespread commercial use. The Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft ( Fig. 1 ) is approximately 60% composites by weight, saving 25% in weight over metal to provide greater range, speed, and payload. Its airframe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... was tied very closely to the market for commercial and military jet aircraft. Dependence on the aerospace industry, which is cyclical in nature, resulted in numerous setbacks. Despite this, growth of the U.S. titanium industry has been relatively steady. Figure 1 illustrates the increase of U.S. titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... 0.025 mm (0.001 in.) to over 1 m (40 in.). The size limits are generally mandated by component metal manufacturability and transport requirements. Configuration Limitations Explosion welding is limited to the bonding of flat surfaces or coaxial cylindrical surfaces. It is ideally suited...