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commercial chlorine

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of commercial chlorine. References References 1. Dillon C.P. , Corrosion Control in the Chemical Process Industries , McGraw-Hill Book Company , 1986 , p 209 – 212 2. “Materials Selector for Hazardous Chemicals. Volume 3: Hydrochloric Acid, Hydrogen Chloride and Chlorine,” MTI...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...) coolers. Extensive laboratory corrosion studies on both model and commercial alloys are summarized. The article describes the material selection criteria for long-term performance of materials in service. It provides information on the fuels with chlorine contents used in gasification plants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and must be free of all oil, grease, dirt, mill scale, rust, corrosion products, oxides, old paint, stains, streaks, or any other foreign matter. Visual standards: SSPC-VIS 1—ASa3, BSa3, CSa3, and DSa3 (a) ; NACE 1 Commercial blast cleaning SSPC-SP6; NACE 3 Used to remove all contaminants from surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... contamination (c) No free chlorine. (d) Contains Cr.Mo. and Ni. (e) <10% HCl at 25: C (75:F). (f) 65 C (149: F). (g) 55: C (131: F). (h) <5% HCl at boiling temperature. Fig. 2 Corrosion of Nickel 200 and alloy 400 in HCl solutions at 30 °C (85 °F). Source: Ref 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Polysiloxane chains can also be grafted onto acrylic polymer backbones ( Ref 16 , 17 ). In a typical example, a hydroxy functional oligomeric polysiloxane reactant was prepared by reacting triethylene glycol with a commercially available methoxy functional polysiloxane, adipic acid, and trimethylol propane...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... (in./rev) Tool material grade, AISI Speed, m/min (sfm) Feed, mm/rev (in./rev) Tool material grade Brazed Indexable Commercially pure Ti (99.0) 110–170 Annealed 1.0 (0.040) 76 (250) 0.13 (0.005) T15, M42 (b) 160 (525) 172 (565) 0.13 (0.005) C-3 4.0 (0.150) 67 (220) 0.25 (0.010...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... low levels of chlorine. The typical chemical compositions of commercially pure (CP) titanium and Ti-6Al-4V powders produced by the calcium hydride reduction process are shown in Table 1 . Chemical composition of titanium-powder-base alloys produced by calcium hydride reduction Table 1 Chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... comparisons for Ti-6Al-4V alloy show that as densification approaches theoretical maximum values, the powder-based titanium alloys with optimized chemical composition (in terms of oxygen, hydrogen, and chlorine) can match both the static as well as fatigue properties of wrought ingot-based double-arc-remelt...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... studies have shown that crevice corrosion resistance of titanium is improved by addition of molybdenum. The commercial alloy Ti Code 12, which contains 0.3% Mo and 0.8% Ni, combines some of the favorable properties of nickel and molybdenum additions while avoiding the negative aspects. This alloy has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... for High Temperature Corrosion and Erosion-Corrosion Resistant Coatings , Anti-Corros. Methods Mater. , Vol 55 ( No. 2 ), 2008 , p 86 – 96 10.1108/00035590810859467 11. Nielsen H.P. , Frandsen F.J. , Dam-Johansen K. , and Baxter L.L. , The Implications of Chlorine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... absorbers Recovery of by-product HCl Benzyl chloride Chlorination of toluene Chemical HCl absorbers Recovery of by-product HCl Bromine, crude Steam and bromine condensation Chemical Condensers … Bromine, pure Purification from chlorine and organics Chemical Boilers, condensers, complete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Chlorine, dry (a) 100 212 Slight >0.05 2 Chlorine, moist or in solution 100 212 <0.05 2 Saturated chlorine in water Room <0.05 2 Bromine, dry (a) Room <0.05 2 Bromine, in methanol Room >0.05, <0.5 2.20 Bromine, in glacial acetic acid 50 120 <0.05 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... effective at lower temperatures and milder loading conditions. Most antiwear and EP agents contain sulfur, chlorine, phosphorus, boron, or combinations thereof. The classes of compounds that inhibit adhesive wear include alkyl and aryl disulfides and polysulfides, dithiocarbamates, chlorinated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., Corrosion 99, NACE International , 1999 5. Sorell G. , The Role of Chlorine in High Temperature Corrosion in Waste-To-Energy Plants , Corrosion in Advanced Power Plants , Bakker W.T. et al. , Ed., Proc. Second International Workshop on Corrosion in Advanced Power Plants ( Tampa...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... System and Product Specifications Contractor Requirements Inspection Requirements and Procedures Warranty Considerations Debris Containment Wet Abrasive Blasting Hydroblasting Nonconventional Blasting Methods Additional Considerations Chlorine and Chlorine Dioxide Caustic...
Book Chapter

By David V. Neff
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of the hydrogen atom into the purge gas bubble. Several commercial mixtures of halogen gases—Freon (CCl 2 F 2 ) (Dupont) being the most popular—were employed in the past. With the growing concern and difficulties with the environmental impact of chlorine use, sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) gained prominence 20 years...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... steel; Ti, titanium; Zr, zirconium. Source: Ref 1 Nitric acid nomenclature Table 1 Nitric acid nomenclature Name Composition, wt% Weak or tower acid 50–65% (nominally 57%) Commercial 42° baumé 67% (American Chemical Society, ACS, grade) Chemically pure (CP) or reagent grade...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... a sufficiently wet film. The commercially available TCA usually contains 3 to 5% of a stabilizer to prevent the formation of corrosive chloride compounds. This stabilizer is classified as a VOC. Because of the high density of chlorinated solvents, there tends to be less overspray than with conventional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in coal and oil is responsible for the majority of fireside corrosion experienced in utility boilers. In coal, the primary impurities are sulfur, alkali metals, and chlorine. The most detrimental impurities in fuel oil are vanadium, sodium, sulfur, and chlorine. This article describes the two categories...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and insights relative to the corrosion behavior, and relevant application guidelines where available Offering practical strategies for expanding the useful corrosion resistance of titanium in corrosive environments The designations and nominal compositions of commercial titanium alloys addressed...