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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... This is called the Otto cycle. In the case of a steam turbine system, the combustion gas is used to boil water inside a heat exchanger; the compression is achieved by pumping the inlet water. The compressed steam is then allowed to expand through a turbine, and it is condensed by a condenser at the turbine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... incinerators. Boilers are affected by stress rupture failures, waterside corrosion failures, fireside corrosion failures, and environmental cracking failures. Contamination of combustion fuel in diesel engines can cause high-temperature corrosion. Gas turbine engines are affected by hot corrosion. Refractory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of High Temperature Coatings for Combustion Turbine Blades , Proc. Steam and Combustion Turbine-Blading Conference and Workshop—1992 , TR-102061, Research Project 1856-09, Electric Power Research Institute, April 1993 , p 6–19 to 6-47 Selected References Selected References • Koul A.K...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The engineering design process for a combustion turbine engine, however, is at the opposite end of the spectrum. The first step in the process begins with task clarification that leads to a design specification. That document is negotiated with inputs from: Specialized engineering departments (including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Induced-Draft Fan Seals Chimney Stacks In recent years gas turbines fueled on natural gas have become increasingly popular. To increase the total efficiency and the versatility of gas turbine powered installations, the hot exhaust gases from the combustion turbine, at temperatures in excess of 500...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... than a typical creep failure. The design metal temperatures of gas turbine components are significantly lower than the melting point of the materials of construction. Accordingly, cases of component melting have been a result of process upsets related to combustion and cooling systems...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ( No. 4 ), 1978 , p 173 18. Lai G.Y. , Nitridation of Several Combustor Alloys in a Simulated Gas Turbine Combustion Environment , Advanced Materials and Coatings for Combustion Turbines , Swaminathan V.P. and Cheruvu N.S. , Ed., ASM International , 1994 , p 113 19...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... usefulness. Combustion turbine hot section rotating blades are fabricated from nickel-base superalloys and operate at high temperatures and aggressive environments. Both metallurgical and mechanical property degradation of the blading material occurs during service, which can limit the useful service life...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Rotor Blades of an Industrial Gas Turbine Engine , Advanced Materials and Coatings for Combustion Turbines , Swaminathan V.P. and Cheruvu N.S. , Ed., ASM International , 1994 , p 135 Selected References Selected References Articles in Surface Engineering, Volume 5...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 23. Twentyman M.E. , The Joining of Engineering Ceramics—Final Report , British Ceramic Research Association, Ltd. , 1978 24. Booher C.R. , Thermal Transient Stress Analysis of an Industrial Combustion Turbine Ceramic Stator Vane and Correlation with Test Results , Ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... for Chemically Cleaning Turbines,” U.S. Patent No. 6,311,704 , 2001 • Foster C.D. , “Methods for Foam Cleaning Combustion Turbines,” U.S. Patent No. 6,478,033 , 2002 • Foster C.D. , “Manifold for Use in Cleaning Combustion Turbines,” U.S. Patent No. 6,491,048 , 2002...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... applications, such as power plants (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear), pulp and paper mills, petrochemical and chemical industries, land-based gas turbine and diesel engines, gas turbine engines for aircraft, marine gas turbine engines for shipboard use, waste incineration, high-temperature fuel cells...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in a Simulated Gas Turbine Combustion Environment , Advanced Materials and Coatings for Combustion Turbines , Swaminathan V.P. and Cheruvu N.S. , Ed., ASM International , 1994 , p 113 22. Swaminathan V.P. and Lukezich S.J. , Degradation of Transition Duct Alloys in Gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...., wood, straw, or fast-growing energy crops), and each has its own issues, generally in the form of corrosion and/or erosion of the heat-exchanging surfaces by the combustion products ( Ref 9 ). Corrosion issues in biomass gasification plants that are used to fire gas turbines are similar to those...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...-speed applications in which near-zero clearance between moving parts is required. Abradable seals are used on shroud sections of compressor and turbine areas in the IGT engine ( Ref 14 ). Combustion-sprayed nickel-graphite abradable coatings have been used in IGT compressors for many years. For more...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... turbines Table 24 Thermal conditions in future gas turbines Component Gas temperature, base load Gas temperature after trip Heat transfer coefficient °C °F °C °F Btu/ft · h · °C W/m 2 · K Combustion chamber 1500 2730 600 1110 170–290 300–500 Transition duct 1350–1500...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... ). Resistance against corrosion in oxidizing, sulfidizing, and chloridizing environments can be achieved only by formation of a stable, slow-growing, dense oxide layer. Hot corrosion is a serious problem in power generation equipment, gas turbines, internal combustion engines, fluidized bed combustion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... loss to improve fuel consumption, because it is a large percentage of overall loss in an automobile, as shown previously in Fig. 2 . Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) have a track record in airplanes, gas turbine engines, military motor vehicles, and so on, and applications of TBCs to engine combustion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... thermal spray gases Table 2 Properties of common thermal spray gases Gas Formula Specific gravity Density Heat of combustion Maximum temperature Flame velocity in air Flame velocity in O 2 Lower explosive limit in air, % Upper explosive limit in air, % kg/m 3 lb/ft 3 kJ/m 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... typically include blades, vanes, combustion chambers, and exit nozzles. These parts applied on hot zones are coated with bilayers or multilayers of different and specific materials, which perform different functions during turbine operation. These coatings are known as thermal barrier coatings (TBCs...