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combustion flame spraying

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... or combustion flame spraying. (c) Testing bond strength of coatings applied by detonation gun process Fig. 13 Effects of (a) time and (b) temperature on the thickness of a silicide coating applied by the fluidized-bed process to Mo-0.5Ti alloy Fig. 5 Rod spray installation Fig. 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of key abradable thermal spray coating systems based on predominant function and key design criteria. It describes two families of coatings which have evolved for use at higher temperature: flame (combustion)-sprayed abradable powders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... seals (shafts and sleeves), compressor rods, rotary airlocks and feeders, conveyor screws, and a variety of other components. Materials employed range from tungsten carbide-cobalt (chromium) cermets (plasma sprayed, detonation gun, and HVOF), chromium oxides or alumina (plasma, combustion flame, or rod...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... (615 ± 45 °F), preferably by submersion in a large tinning pot. Babbitting by the metal-spray method requires special equipment consisting of an acetylene/oxygen flame spray gun that uses a high tin-base babbitt in wire form. The molten alloy is sprayed on a bond coating, which has been...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-spray method requires special equipment consisting of an acetylene/oxygen flame spray gun that uses a high tin-base babbitt in wire form. The molten alloy is sprayed on a bond coating, which has been previously sprayed on the bearing shell. Phosphate Conversion Coatings PHOSPHATE COATING...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... thermal spray gases Table 2 Properties of common thermal spray gases Gas Formula Specific gravity Density Heat of combustion Maximum temperature Flame velocity in air Flame velocity in O 2 Lower explosive limit in air, % Upper explosive limit in air, % kg/m 3 lb/ft 3 kJ/m 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... and feedstock form Feedstock form Thermal spray process (a) Combustion Electrical Arc Plasma Flame HVOF (b) Detonation Direct current Coupled induction Powder X X X … X X Wire X … … X … … Cored wire X … … X … … Ceramic rod X … … … … … (a) X...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.... Examples include cylinder manifolds and mixing chambers where oxyfuel gases are mixed prior to combustion. Flashback arrestors must be specifically rated for the gas in use and should be considered for every thermal spray system. They provide protection against flashbacks and reverse flow of fuel gases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., when thermal spray equipment technology saw much of its progress in the mid to late 1950s, with flame or combustion spray and electric arc all making parallel but separate advances. Many improvements in these processes have been made since then, but the basic operating principles remain unchanged...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... spray processes is a hot, high-velocity stream of particulates, fumes, gas, and by-products of combustion and ionization. To protect personnel and the environment, the effluent must be captured and contained. High-temperature gases of the spray jet mix with the surrounding environment, increasing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...., Vol 5. In particular, the sections on flame spray, flame spray and fuse, and electric wire-arc spray, as well as several of the figures, were substantially adapted from the earlier edition. Flame spray uses combustible gas as a heat source to melt the coating material ( Fig. 3 ). Flame spray guns...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...-0.1%C PTWA Low friction and reduction of oil consumption Cylinder liner Al-Si Arc spray + Piston ring Mo Flame spray +++ APS HVOF Light-weight solution Connecting rod bearing Cu-Sn APS UD Valve lifter Fe-0.8%C Arc spray + Combustion efficiency...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Combustible materials must be removed from the area or shielded from flames, sparks, and molten metal. Safety precautions at public events should be passive types, that is, they should not require the audience to take action to protect itself. For example, a protective, moveable transparent screen allows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Fuel gases used for flame hardening Table 1 Fuel gases used for flame hardening Gas Heating value Flame temperature Usual ratio of oxygen to fuel gas Heating value of oxy-fuel gas mixture Normal velocity of burning Combustion intensity (a) Usual ratio of air to fuel gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., and decomposition products. The thickness of the coating is governed by the number of repeated passes of the spray gun across the substrate. The heat source of the TS torch can be a plasma, combustion flame, or combustion exhaust as in the HVOF process. The technique is chosen on the basis of the polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of Thermal Spray Coating Manufacture Coating Analysis Thermal Spray Processes Coating Material Applications Sliding Rolling Impact Flowing Flame Spraying (FS) High-Velocity Oxygen Fuel (HVOF) Alternative Combustion Processes Wire-Arc Spraying (WAS) Cold Gas Spraying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the specific features and mechanisms of oxidation in thermal spray coatings. It discusses the two forms of hot corrosion in sulfur-containing combustion, namely high-temperature hot corrosion and low-temperature hot corrosion. The article reviews...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Hardfacing is a form of surfacing that is applied for the purpose of reducing wear, abrasion, impact, erosion, galling, or cavitation. This article describes the deposition of hardfacing alloys by oxyfuel welding, various arc welding methods, laser welding, and thermal spray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... beam welding personal protective equipment resistance welding robotic safety safe handling safety hazards safety management soldering thermal spraying thermite welding ultrasonic welding welding work area protection HEALTH AND SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS are paramount in all welding, cutting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Fuel gases used for flame hardening Table 4 Fuel gases used for flame hardening Gas Heating value Flame temperature Usual ratio of oxygen to fuel gas Heating value of oxyfuel gas mixture Normal velocity of burning Combustion intensity (a) Usual ratio of air to fuel gas...