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combustion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... spray + Piston ring Mo Flame spray +++ APS HVOF Light-weight solution Connecting rod bearing Cu-Sn APS UD Valve lifter Fe-0.8%C Arc spray + Combustion efficiency Compressor housing Al-12Si + resin APS + Protection of base material Oxygen sensor Spinel APS...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...Abstract Abstract High-temperature combustion is primarily used to determine carbon and sulfur contained in a variety of materials. This article illustrates the principle of combustion and focuses on the characteristics of accelerators. It provides information on the process of separating oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... with established confined-space safety and lockout/tagout procedures. Other appropriate safety procedures may also be beneficial. Furnace Atmosphere Gas Reactions Flue gases in a direct-fired furnace are the effluent products created by combustion of hydrocarbon fuel. The composition of these gases inside...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... 0.43–0.52 45 0.53 and over 50 Source: Ref 1 Carbon contents of shim stock and of surfaces of workpieces concurrently processed, as determined by spectrographic and combustion analysis Table 2 Carbon contents of shim stock and of surfaces of workpieces concurrently processed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Fig. 14 Electrothermal fluidized-bed furnace of graphite Fig. 15 Controlled-atmosphere fluidized-bed furnace heated by submerged combustion. 1, burner; 2, combustion tube; 3, tube through which combustion gases and particles rise; 4, particle separators; 5, heat exchanger; 6, gas recycle...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract Flammability is the ability of a material to undergo easy ignition and rapid flaming combustion. This article provides information on flammability tests of polymers and codes and regulations that cite these tests. Many organizations are involved in the characterization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...Abstract Abstract Heat treating involves the use of fuel gases for heating and gases in the furnace atmosphere. This article describes the hazards associated with furnace atmospheres and the related safety considerations. It discusses the effect of fuel on combustion efficiency. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the specific features and mechanisms of oxidation in thermal spray coatings. It discusses the two forms of hot corrosion in sulfur-containing combustion, namely high-temperature hot corrosion and low-temperature hot corrosion. The article reviews...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...) styrene-esters Fig. 22 Nitrogen-containing monomers Fig. 24 Permanent shear loss. Source: Ref 32 Fig. 23 Temporary shear loss. Source: Ref 32 Abstract Abstract This article focuses on lubricants classified as either internal combustion engine or nonengine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... examines the electrochemistry of such hot corrosion processes, focusing on sodium sulfate systems generated by the combustion of fossil fuels. It explains how salt chemistry, including acid/base and oxidizing properties, affects corrosion rates and mechanisms. The article also provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a discussion on the mechanisms of wear and their interactions with gaseous corrosion. The wear mechanisms include abrasive, erosive, fretting, and sliding. The measurement of degradation on combustion walls in coal-fired boilers is discussed. The article...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloying. Low-expansion alloys are used in various applications such as rods and tapes for geodetic surveying, moving parts that require control of expansion (such as pistons for some internal-combustion engines), bimetal strip, components for electronic devices etc. This article discusses the properties...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract The overall chemical composition of metals and alloys is most commonly determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES), and combustion and inert gas fusion analysis. This article provides information on the capabilities, uses, detection threshold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... incinerators. Boilers are affected by stress rupture failures, waterside corrosion failures, fireside corrosion failures, and environmental cracking failures. Contamination of combustion fuel in diesel engines can cause high-temperature corrosion. Gas turbine engines are affected by hot corrosion. Refractory...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of centrifugal casting in investment casting and combustion synthesis as well as spin casting. References References 1. Roberston E. , LA-12370-MS, Los Alamos National Laboratory , Sept 1993 2. Lee J.-N. and Yun G.-C. , Effect of Centrifugal Force Applied During Investment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005930
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Silicon carbide recuperator/burner nozzle. Courtesy of Eclipse Combustion Fig. 1 Cast grid heating element (top) and ribbon heating element (bottom). Courtesy of the Electric Furnace Company Abstract Abstract This article reviews high-temperature corrosion of furnace parts used in heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Abstract Abstract Induction heat treatment is a common method for hardening and tempering of crankshafts, which are necessary components in almost every internal combustion engine for cars, trucks, and machinery, as well as pumps, compressors, and other devices. Similar to crankshafts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...-1 1 90 Cu 30 Nonflammable Fe-1 4 220 Fe-2 45 500 Mg 16 55 Ni 6 Nonflammable Ti 25 70 Ta 10 400 W 1 700 Four classes of dust combustibility and explosion severity Table 1 Four classes of dust combustibility and explosion severity Dust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Impurity concentrations in two titanium samples and a chromium sample characterized using glow discharge mass spectroscopy (GDMS) method and Leco combustion methods Table 3 Impurity concentrations in two titanium samples and a chromium sample characterized using glow discharge mass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... optical emission spectroscopy, high-temperature combustion, and inert gas fusion. This is followed by a section on techniques for determining the atomic structure of crystals, namely X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, and electron diffraction. Types of electron microscopies most commonly used...