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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., conditions, and specific circumstances that together can reduce the anticipated service life of a component or plant. The color images in this article are categorized according to the type of corrosion following the general order that is adopted in Volume 13A of ASM Handbook. The first table of the article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and buffing, are reviewed. The article also explains the procedures of electrocleaning, electropolishing, electroplating, painting, surface blackening, coloring, terne coatings, and thermal spraying. It includes useful information on the surface modification of stainless steels, namely, ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... characteristics of interest (fatigue cracks, stress-corrosion cracks, creep, pitting, erosion, embrittlement, wear, planer cracks/voids, transverse/axial cracks, color variation, density, resonant frequency, etc.) The size and orientation of rejectable/reportable flaws The anticipated locations of flaws of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... with a minimum of 64 gray-scale or color levels. (Storage of just sectional images without the underlying A-scan radio-frequency waveforms is not acceptable.) Computer software for TOFD displays should include algorithms to linearize cursors or the waveform time base to permit depth and vertical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... content of the final metallic product was visually tested at that time using the technique of color differentiation against small samples of known chemical content by scratching. The same technique was applied to test gold (Lydian stone) and silver coins, and inspectors in ancient times used senses other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... tertiary butyl ether, is normally less than 10% in commercial fuels. Although color-coded parts, such as O-rings are commercially available to differentiate the elastomer families, color-coding introduces potentially negative performance issues for elastomers exposed to a range of chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... output of the C-mode scanning acoustic microscope is displayed in full gray scale, in which the gray level is proportional to the amplitude of the interface signal. The gray scale can be converted into false color, and, as shown in Fig. 5 , the images also can be color coded with echo polarity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... topcoat was applied over all metal substrates at a DFT of 50 to 75 μm (2 to 3 mils). Because the pipes needed to be color coded, the topcoat was made with six different pigments. The moisture-cure aliphatic topcoat contained lower levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) so the plant could remain in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... subsequent processing and image analysis. Typical steps are noise reduction, smoothing, image space transformation, color space transformation, windowing, and a few more. The steps of this process depend on the task at hand. The input for preprocessing is an image, a 2-D matrix whose numbers represent a...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... for a variety of uses. Most compounds consist of: Resin matrix, with the necessary hardeners, catalysts, and plasticizers to make a moldable composition capable of curing Fiber reinforcement Additives, such as colorants, lubricants for mold release, and additives for special properties such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... to color-code lines for the various fluid systems throughout the plant. A safety-related coating system is a coating system used inside or outside of primary containment that, if detached, could adversely affect the safety function of a safety-related structure, system, or component. These coating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... surface topography is adequate for EDS. Instead of selecting a region of interest for a static x-ray dot map, the new systems allow for dynamic exploration of a sample because the software color-codes each element on the basis of characteristic x-rays. Dual-beam electron/ion beam systems, or focused ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... for a crack in a spiral-bevel gear. This demonstrates the complexity of geometry that can be incorporated in this type of model. Fig. 9 Simulated crack growth in spiral-bevel gears. The model provides color images. The largest values are at the ends of the crack. The smallest values (compressive...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... performance. For instance, lead-free enamels are not as durable as leaded enamels, and color stability is more difficult to obtain with certain formulations. Fortunately, color suppliers are continuing to improve their lead-free products. For instance, low-lead-release frits have been developed for tumblers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... three color-coded groups: Highly alloyed WC grades (letter P, blue color) for machining steel Alloyed WC grades (letter M, yellow color, generally with less TiC than the corresponding P series) for multipurpose use, such as steels, nickel-base superalloys, and ductile cast irons Straight WC...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., paints were made with simple, local materials such as crushed limestone (limewash), skimmed milk (casein paint), gelatin and chalk ( distempers ), wheat or rye starches, and linseed oil. They could be colored with iron oxide pigments from the earth and would therefore take on the color of the regional...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... position. Similarly, the results of many analyses performed over a predefined area are typically presented as a computer-generated color-coded two-dimensional map of composition versus position. This map provides a method for characterizing chemical inhomogeneities on a spatial resolution scale midway...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... It used to be that “film is cheap,” but now “JPEGs are free.” Photograph the item, the area, any supporting equipment, maybe people, anything and everything. Be careful about color. Know your camera and lighting. Take 50 photographs. Laptop Mobile work station Known color chart, white piece of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... must on occasion be openable to allow room ventilation or emergency egress and entrance. Windows are required to be almost invisible and still provide a high level of acoustic insulation. Today's windows, while meeting the above requirements, offer the architect a wide variety of colors to choose...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... concrete surfaces within these plants typically carry coating systems that will facilitate their decontamination. Another use for coatings is to improve the appearance of surfaces within the nuclear plant. Coatings are also used to color-code lines for the various fluid systems throughout the plant...