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cold spray

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are shown in Table 1 . The flame spray process is characterized by low capital investment, high deposition rates and efficiencies, and relative ease of operation and cost of equipment maintenance. In general, as-deposited (or cold spray) flame-sprayed coatings exhibit lower bond strengths, higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the use of gas shrouds and the development of new processes such as cold spraying, is expected to further improve coating quality in the near future. Substrate surface preparation is a critical step in the thermal spraying process. Table 2 shows the International Organization for Standardization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... sprayed or wiped with the solvent. Ultrasonic agitation is sometimes used in conjunction with solvent cleaning to loosen and remove soils, such as abrasive compounds, from deep recesses or other difficult-to-reach areas. This reduces the time required for solvent cleaning of complex shapes. Cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Cold extrusion is a push-through compressive forming process with the starting material (billet/slug) at room temperature. This article provides information on the different types of steels that can be cold extruded. Mechanical presses and hydraulic presses that are specifically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... geometry and friction conditions; strain measurements; crack detection; and material inhomogeneities, which are to be considered for performing cold upset testing. It describes test characteristics in terms of deformation, free-surface strains, and stress states for performing cylindrical compression tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Cold heading is typically a high-speed process where a blank is progressively moved through a multi-station machine. This article discusses various cold heading process parameters, such as upset length ratio, upset diameter ratio, upset strain, and process sequence design. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... normally accomplished by discharging the melt into cold water or by pouring it through water-cooled steel rolls. The former case results in small friable pieces of glass that can be ground into a powder with relative ease using a ball mill or other standard crushing equipment. These friable pieces are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... microcrystalline tapes, marine petrolatum-based pile systems; cold-applied petrolatum-based paste coating systems; hot-applied microcrystalline wax flood coating systems; wax-based dips, brushons, and sprays; and wax-impregnated fabrics and wax-coated papers. The article also discusses the applications and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... finishes No. 1, 2D, and 2B <5 < 3 16 ≥610 ≥24 … …  Polished finishes No. 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8 <5 < 3 16 All widths … … Strip Cold finished, coils, or cut lengths <5 < 3 16 <610 <24 … … Plate Flat rolled or forged ≥5 ≥ 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and resistance to wear, galling, or scoring of parts moving in contact, with or without oil A surface that facilitates cold forming Temporary or short-time resistance to mild corrosion A base for adhesives in plastic-metal laminations or rubber-to-metal applications In...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...) quenchants are used almost exclusively in the quenching of aluminum alloys. Water is the fluid most frequently employed for quenching aluminum, but there are a variety of quenchants and methods that have been used ( Ref 1 ): Cold water immersion Hot water immersion Boiling water Water spray...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 32–82 90–180 Medium zinc, immersion Steel plated with zinc or cadmium Paint bonding 60–82 140–180 Medium zinc, spray Sheet steel Paint bonding 38–60 100–140 Medium zinc, spray Steel Cold drawing 60–74 140–165 Medium zinc, spray Galvanized steel Paint bonding 49–60 120–140...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Boiling alkaline, blow off, hand wipe Vapor slush degrease, hand wipe Acid clean (c) Hot emulsion hand slush, spray emulsion in single stage, hot rinse, hand wipe Hot alkaline soak, hot rinse (hand wipe, if possible), electrolytic alkaline, cold water rinse Continuous high production Conveyorized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... spinning of jigged work is also used to remove excess molten tin. After the excess tin has been removed, the work is cooled in air, then flux residues are removed by rinsing in cold water acidified with about 1 vol% hydrochloric acid or 5 to 10 vol% citric acid. A water rinse follows. Quenching the work...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ZA-8 has higher tensile, fatigue, and creep strengths, is more dimensionally stable, and has lower density. Alloy ZA-8 castings can be readily finished, thereby combining their high structural strength with excellent appearance. Alloy ZA-12 has very good castability in cold-chamber die casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... with the subsequent process. For example, in one application, an emulsion was chosen for cleaning of aluminum and brass carburetor parts because it did not plug the needle valve holes or interfere with subsequent gaging. Parts that cannot be heated may be suitable for cold emulsion if they have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to painting usually are water solutions of phosphoric acid, organic solvents, acid-stable detergents, and wetting agents. These solutions are used either hot or cold, in soak tanks or spray cleaning systems. Cleaning is accomplished by emulsifying the oils that are on the surface and by dissolving or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., oxygen-rich metallic case beneath the scale in order to avoid cracking during subsequent working operations. Heavy grease, oil, and black lubricant coatings resulting from cold working are removed by alkaline or caustic soaking, followed by acid pickling. To remove soil or light oil from a metal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... reinforcement in powder form; (2) compacting (cold pressing) the homogeneous blend to roughly 80% density; (3) degassing the preform (which has an open interconnected pore structure) to remove volatile contaminants (lubricants and mixing and blending additives), water vapor, and gases; and (4) consolidation by...