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cold climate

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... are exposed. Fig. 3 Corrosion on a metal building in Antarctica. Corrosion is also evident on the steel vise. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 1 Cold-climate areas in the Northern Hemisphere. For the coldest winter month above line A, the average temperature is −18 °C (0 °F) or lower, and above line...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... destruction using supercritical water and the use of ultrasupercritical water (temperatures above 565 °C, or 1050 °F) for power production. Corrosion in cold climates challenges the conditions typically addressed in atmospheric corrosion. Solar heating can produce water at ambient temperatures below...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003688
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to the improved corrosion performance of 55Al-Zn- coated sheet versus galvanized. Perhaps, the most important one is the performance in closed animal-confinement structures in cold climates. The 55Al-Zn coating is not recommended for concentrated confinement of cattle and pigs ( Ref 14 ) in cold climates, regions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... some kind of cold room to reach vehicle temperatures far below freezing. In one known case, this was combined with stone-pecking exposure. Rig testing that combines climatic exposure with mechanical loads is seldom used. One case of salt spraying on the static test vehicle in wind-tunnel-like...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and exterior coating systems and when establishing the location of the air and vapor barriers. In a cold northern climate, for example, vapor will move from higher concentrations (e.g., high relative humidity in the interior of a building) toward lower concentrations (e.g., lower relative humidity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... environment includes any area of the world where troops may be deployed—cold climates, deserts (sand/dust), jungles (tropics), sea coastal, and marine environments. When the environmental concerns are added to the long-term life performance expectancies of military hardware (some systems today, 2006...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in galvanic coupling of zinc and platinum Fig. 5 Variation in temperature ( T ) and relative humidity (RH) during 1998 in marine-coastal and rural-urban environments with tropical humid climate (Gulf of Mexico) Fig. 6 Distribution of the annual time of wetness (%) in different temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... in cold seals. It was thought that cold seals produced harder films because there was less hydration, and in hot, dry climates such as the Middle East, it became a serious problem. Work in Italy ( Ref 13 ) proved this could be resolved by a double sealing treatment in which the cold seal was followed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... Typical polyamides and amines have a low-temperature curing limit of 5 to 10 °C (40 to 50 °F). Phenalkamine chemistry is routinely used in the −20 to −5 °C (0 to 20 °F) temperature range. This feature is of great benefit in cold climates and greatly expands the seasonal window when painting occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... is routinely conducted only at the temperature of interest. The choice of minimum absorbed energy and test temperature are often varied between standards or within a standard, based on service conditions. For instance, welded joints on bridges to be used in cold climates are qualified to lower temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... because of difficulties with cold weather starting and the lack of heat in the passenger area. Cars did not have heaters and often were equipped only with side curtains, making driving very uncomfortable. In cold climates, cars were usually stored in winter. As engines and lubricants improved, heaters...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... performance, such as temperature, humidity, rainfall, and ozone concentrations. The data are presented for defined climatic regions such as “basic,” “hot,” “cold,” and “coastal/ocean” and provides extremes and frequencies of occurrence. The data are intended for use in engineering analyses to set requirements...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Typical mechanical properties of rolled-zinc alloys Table 10 Typical mechanical properties of rolled-zinc alloys Alloy Condition Tensile strength Elongation, % Hardness, HB MPa ksi Zn-0.08Pb Hot rolled 134–159 19.5–23.0 65–50 38 Cold rolled 145–186 21.0–27.0 50–40...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., good; F, fair; P, poor. See Table 9 for other characteristics of these paints. Type of paint (vehicle base) Adhesion on indicated surface Freshly galvanized (a) Weathered galvanized (b) Cold or hot phosphated Sweep-blasted and galvanized 1. Alkyd-tung oil-phenolic resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... application Thick, dark, medium-firm, greasy film Unshielded outdoor storage in moderate climates, at below flow point of compound (64 °C or 145 °F); general packaging of automotive parts  Class 3 Corrosion-preventive compound, petrolatum, hot application Fairly thin, soft, greaselike material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract Exfoliation is a structure-dependent form of localized intergranular corrosion that follows grain boundaries in the rolling direction of wrought materials, particularly aluminum alloys. Highly cold-worked materials with elongated grain boundaries tend to be most affected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... water and the system design. Necessary design results in climatic and temperature induced flow variations, and redundant equipment requires cross-connecting piping that undergoes stagnant or, even worse, intermittent flow conditions. An example is a turbine lubricating oil cooler. Typically, the oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... protection, while the urethane topcoat provides chemical-agent resistance and camouflage properties. Armament systems are exposed to some of the most severe environments on earth. Wars are not fought in a climate- and humidity-controlled environment. From arctic cold to desert heat the systems must be able...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Absorption Properties and Equilibrium Conditioning of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials,” D 5229/D 5229M, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM 9. MIL-STD-210C , “Climatic Information to Determine Design and Test Requirements for Military Systems and Equipment” 10. “Composite Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... For example, in cold-weather climates, where deicing salts are used on highways, higher salt concentrations will be found in soils alongside roads and highways. Similarly, on overpass bridges, salts can be found on concrete and structural steel in the splash zone. When deicing salts are spread on a bridge...