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coefficient of linear thermal expansion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0006002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of tables that present information on the various thermal properties, namely, the coefficient of linear thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, and specific heat, of carbon and low-alloy steels. alloy steel carbon steel coefficient of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005896
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... article also discusses the magnetic properties of diamagnetic, paramagnetic, ferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and metamagnetic materials. coefficient of linear thermal expansion density electrical resistivity ferrous metals magnetic properties nonferrous metals nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract This article discusses the following physical properties of AISI and SAE grades of carbon and low-alloy steels: coefficients of linear thermal expansion; thermal conductivity; specific heat; and electrical resistivity. AISI grade steel carbon steels low-alloy steels physical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... thermal expansion aluminum aluminum alloys copper copper alloys iron lead magnesium magnesium alloys nickel nickel alloys tin titanium titanium alloys zinc zinc alloys Table 1 Linear thermal expansion of selected metals and alloys Metal or alloy Temp., °C Coefficient of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article discusses the various tests applied to a thermal barrier coating system and to the zirconia layer to establish thermomechanical, environmental stability, and thermal design properties such as coefficient of thermal expansion, specific heat, and thermal transport properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and applications of iron-nickel low-expansion alloys (Invar), as well as other special alloys, including iron-nickel-chromium alloys, iron-nickel-cobalt alloys, iron-cobalt-chromium alloys, and high-strength, controlled-expansion alloys. It covers the factors affecting coefficient of thermal expansion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... the effect of factors like composition, heat treatment, cold drawing, and humidity on the coefficient of thermal expansion of various low-expansion alloys. The Article provides information on the machining parameters and the physical and mechanical properties of low-expansion alloys. It also provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and spalling can occur at this boron content due to the difference in thermal expansion coefficients for FeB and Fe 2 B. As a workpiece begins to cool down from the boronizing processing temperature, one layer contracts more than the other layer, and the mismatch in thermal expansion coefficients...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...-metal seals. Fig. 12 The linear expansion coefficient, α, plotted against Young's modulus, E . The contours show the thermal stress created by a temperature change of 1 °C if the sample is axially constrained. A correction factor C is applied for biaxial or triaxial constraint (see text...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., coefficient of linear thermal expansion, heat deflection temperatures (HDT), creep moduli, creep relaxation, degree of cure, viscoelastic behavior, and dilatometric properties. Long-term temperature resistance is the temperature at which the part must perform for the life of the device. One of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and is usually expressed in units 10 –6 /% moisture. Like other composite properties, CTE is highly isotropic in composite materials. Generally, coefficients of linear thermal expansion are measured in the in-plane ( x and y ) and out-of- plane ( z ) directions. The out-of-plane CTE is generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... undesirable because FeB and Fe 2 B are formed under tensile and compressive residual stresses, respectively, due to differences in expansion/contraction during cooling from the boriding temperature, because they have different coefficients of thermal expansion. Crack formation is often observed at or in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... as different grain orientations at the microlevel or anisotropy of the thermal expansion coefficient of certain crystals (noncubic). Internal strains and stresses can be of sufficiently high magnitude to cause growth, distortion, and surface irregularities in the material ( Ref 3 ). Consequently...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Abstract This article discusses three types of powder-feeder systems that are commonly used throughout the thermal spray (TS) industry: gravity-based devices, rotating wheel devices, and fluidized-bed systems. It provides information on the various mechanical methods for producing powders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Delamination Catastrophic failure due to loss of interlaminar shear strength. Typical acceptance criteria require the detection of delaminations with a linear dimension larger than 6.4 mm (0.25 in.). Impact damage Loss of compressive strength under static load Ply gap Strength degradation depends on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Glassed Steel Reaction Equipment by High Voltage” C 538 “Standard Test Method for Color Retention of Red, Orange and Yellow Porcelain Enamels” C 539 “Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Porcelain Enamel and Glaze Frits and Ceramic Whiteware Materials by the Interferometric Method...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... similar and therefore discussed together. A change of temperature in a free body produces thermal strains, while moisture absorption produces swelling strains. The relevant physical parameters to quantify these phenomena are coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) and coefficients of swelling. Fibers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... products, wrought copper, and cartridge brass. The article lists conversion factors classified according to the quantity/property of interest. conversion factors electrical conductivity engineering data linear thermal expansion melting temperature Table 1 Density of metals and alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... respectively as: G = E / 2 ( 1 + ν ) and γ = ν E / { ( 1 + ν ) ( 1 − 2 ν ) } where E is the elastic modulus, ν is Poisson's ratio, and α is the linear coefficient of thermal expansion (or contraction). Lastly, δ ij = 0 for i ≠ j and δ ij = 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... alloys Zn-Al Zn-4.5Al-0.05Mg C p = 0.50 630 0.41 0.51 114 630 660 16 C p = 0.52 − 6 × 10 −5 ( T − 387 °C) Liquid T ≥ 660 The coefficient of linear thermal expansion (α) is a material property that indicates the extent to which the material expands or contracts with...