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cobalt-chromium beads

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... porous metal/coating having an open-cell structure, high porosity, and a microsctructure resembling that of cancellous bone. The traditional porous metal/coating includes fiber-metal mesh, cobalt-chromium (CoCr) beads, cancellous-structured titanium, and plasma spray. The article discusses other porous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., chromium, cobalt, manganese, nickel, and vanadium) can be potentially dangerous. To prevent exposure to these elements, the welding area should have adequate ventilation. In SAW, the arcflash and its accompanying spatter are nearly eliminated because of the slag and the depth of the flux pile. However, eye...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... alumina matrix (pellet) Catalyst carriers are usually high-surface-area inorganic materials with complex pore structures, into which catalytic materials such as palladium, platinum, cobalt, chromium oxide, and vanadium pentoxide are deposited using the methods described above. At one time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... some low-alloy steels segregation is sufficient to allow observation. This is usually the case with alloys that contain slightly higher concentrations of chromium and nickel, such as AISI 4340. In these alloys, the solidification structure can be inferred from the distribution of the solid-state...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... materials, namely, iron-base overlays, chromium carbide-based overlays, nickel- and cobalt-base alloys, and tungsten carbide-based metal-matrix composite overlays. It discusses the types of hardfacing processes, such as arc welding processes, and laser cladded, oxyacetylene brazing and vacuum brazing...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...× Fig. 4 As-cast FSX-414, unetched. Face-centered cubic matrix and interdendritic M 23 C 6 carbides. Original magnification: 400× The M 23 C 6 -type carbides are found in nearly all cobalt alloys containing chromium. As such, they are the most commonly observed carbides. Carbides of the form MC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... formulation given above. However, most heat-resistant alloys form a tenacious coating in the presence of carbon monoxide or water because of their high content of oxide-forming metals, such as nickel, cobalt, and chromium. The resulting oxides vary widely with alloy composition and furnace atmosphere. Usually...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... formation of a thin chromium-oxide layer on the surface, similar to stainless steel. Other cobalt-base alloys that are less popular include wrought Co-Cr-W-Ni (L-605) and wrought Co-Ni-Cr-Mo (MP-35N), also shown in Table 4 ( Ref 2 ). Table 4 Nominal compositions of cobalt-base alloys for medical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... descaling of stainless steel parts, equipment, and systems, although it does not cover electropolishing. THE REMOVAL of metallic contaminants, tarnish, and scale resulting from hot-working or heat-treating operations on nickel-, cobalt-, and iron-base heat-resistant alloys is described...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... temperatures of about 480 deg C. Commercial maraging steels are designed to provide specific levels of yield strength in the range of 1030 to 2420 MPa. However, some experimental maraging steels have yield strengths as high as 3450 MPa. These steels typically have very high nickel, cobalt, and molybdenum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... coating materials include cobalt-base (Laves phase) alloys T-400 and T-800, tungsten carbide-cobalt materials, and chromium carbide-nickel chromium cermets (Cr 3 C 2 -20 to 30% NiCr). Other key application areas are listed below. The term weld cladding usually denotes the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...) 800–900 (b) Excellent for low-stress abrasion Good for light impact Cobalt-chromium 0.7–3.0 C, 2 Mn, 3–14 W, 3 Ni, 25–33 Co, 5 Fe, bal Cr 20–39 HRC at 650 °C (1200 °F) 23–58 HRC 980 1800 Excellent in low-stress; wears 5–20% as fast as carbon steel Fair; deteriorates as carbon increases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... configurations and dimensions for GTAW, GMAW, and SMAW applications. Dimensions in schematic given in inches Base-metal thickness( t ) Width of groove or bead ( w ) Maximum root opening ( s ) Approximate amount of metal deposited Approximate weight of electrode mm in. mm in. mm in. kg/m lb...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... away from chromate-containing products due to health and environmental concerns. The primary film-forming agent in chromate conversion coatings baths is hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)], which is a potent human toxin and can leach from the coating into an attacking liquid environment. Therefore, there is a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... thermal spray coatings. The article focuses on plasma thermal spray, which is the technique most often used to make porous titanium and hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings, such as thermal spray titanium, thermal spray HA, solution-precipitated HA, thermal spray chromium oxide, and thermal spray chromium carbide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... applications. Table 1 lists the nominal compositions for the nickel and cobalt alloys discussed in this article. Included in this list are some iron alloys with significant levels of nickel, chromium, and/or cobalt. These alloys are often grouped with nickel and cobalt alloys because of their capabilities in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...  Rocket fuels Aluminum  Repair of components Nickel chromium, nickel aluminum, stainless steel  Fretting/wear spraying Molybdenum, copper-nickel alloys, cobalt alloys, chrome carbide Automotive (a)  Air conditioners Iron, steel  Alternator regulator, contacts, pole pieces Platinum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., except for stress relief and to continue austenite transformation. Cast iron can be described as an alloy of predominantly iron, carbon, and silicon. Commercially produced irons contain manganese and may be alloyed with nickel, chromium, copper, molybdenum, tin, antimony, vanadium, and various...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... 100 years later, is the following. A previously prepared metallurgical mount of a tungsten carbide/cobalt plasma-sprayed coating was taken to a leading laboratory and photographed ( Fig. 1 ). The coatings engineer remarked that the microstructure was not typical for that coatings facility, and he...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... chromate-free conversion. These include: titanium and zirconium fluorocomplexes; cerium-base, manganese-base, cobalt-base, and molybdate-base conversion coatings; hydrotalcite coatings; and organic coatings. chromate conversion coatings corrosion resistance electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...