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cobalt-base materials

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article addresses the cobalt and cobalt-base alloys most suited for aqueous environments and those suited for high temperatures. The performance of cobalt alloys in aqueous environments encountered in commercial applications is discussed. The article provides information on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... orthopaedic applications solidification strengthening wear wrought cobalt alloys wrought cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloys COBALT-BASE ALLOYS with significant refractory metal element additions as well as small amounts of nickel, carbon, and other minor constituents were developed at the beginning of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Cobalt-base tool materials (e.g., the matrix of cemented carbides) Electrical-resistance alloys High-temperature spring and bearing alloys Magnetostrictive alloys Special expansion and constant-modulus alloys Biocompatible materials for use as orthopedic implants or dental materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... material. This is followed by a schematic representation of their relative application ranges in terms of machining speeds and feed rates. The article provides a detailed account of chemical compositions of various tool materials, including high-speed tool steels, cobalt-base alloys, cemented carbides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... metal/coating due to the limitations of traditional porous metals for numerous open-cell-structured metals, such as titanium-base foams and trabecular metal. cancellous-structured titanium cobalt-chromium beads fiber-metal mesh joint replacement metallic implant materials orthopedic surgery...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... recording materials in which the magnetic state is altered during use. It does include, however, hysteresis alloys used in motors. Permanent magnet materials include a variety of alloys, intermetallics, and ceramics. Commonly included are certain steels, Alnico (a cast or sintered iron-base alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... metal ions from the bulk material and prevents corrosion of the material in contact with human tissues. Based on testing results of Laing ( Ref 1 ), it is clear that most of the alloying elements used to produce the alloys used in surgery are not intrinsically inert, but the formation of the passive...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... rotating drums to form long ribbons approximately 30 to 50 μm thick and up to 1 m (40 in.) wide ( Fig. 8 ). Alloys produced for soft magnetic applications include iron-, iron/nickel-, and cobalt base alloys containing varying amounts of metalloids (boron, silicon, carbon, and phosphorus) and other alloying...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... thermocouples are grouped according to material characteristics (base metal or noble metal) and standardization. At present, five base-metal thermocouples and three noble-metal thermocouples have been standardized and given letter designations by ANSI (American National Standards Institute), ASTM (American...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ASTM F1813 UNS R58120 TMZF Fixation devices; hips; spinal Ti-15Mo (titanium-15% molybdenum) ASTM F2066 —bar, rod, sheet, and wire UNS R58150 Fixation devices Cobalt base Co-20Cr-16Fe-15Ni-7Mo AMS 5833, AMS 5834, AMS 5875, AMS 5876, ASTM F1058, ISO 5832-7 Co-19Cr-17Ni-14Fe-7Mo...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005930
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... and application of these products, it is important to seek their advice when purchasing high-alloy parts. The five basic types of heat-resistant alloys are: Iron-chromium alloys Iron-chromium-nickel alloys Iron-nickel-chromium alloys Nickel-base alloys Cobalt-base alloys The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in orthopaedics. Since corrosion represents the major obstacle in the biological environment, the choice is limited to certain stainless steels and heat-resisting cobalt-base alloys. However, because of the considerably large modulus difference to bone, these alloys cause stress of the bone with...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... dollar translation is based on $1.75/£. Source: Ref 1 It is common to see the cost of materials quoted on the basis of cost per unit mass. This may be misleading, because the volume of material is often more important than its mass. The relative position of a material in a table of costs may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... steels, commercially pure titanium and titanium alloys, and cobalt-base alloys ( Table 2 ). A unique alloy that has gained acceptance in the biomedical industry is a nickel-titanium binary shape metal alloy (50/50 by atomic percent weight), more popularly known as Nitinol. A significant feature of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... located on the dies in relation to the side and end match edges. Special shrink scales are used that are based on the shrink factor of the material to be forged. The design dictates the number of impressions—roller, fuller, edger, cutoff, and gate—in each set of dies. Layout lines are scribed on each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... stainless steel (∼200 GPa, or 29 × 10 6 psi) was a deterrent ( Table 1 ). Also, researchers started looking for alloys that were more biocompatible and corrosion and wear resistant. Cobalt-base alloys came into the picture where wrought alloys were used to fabricate prosthetic stems and load-bearing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... reactant-gas supply system; the deposition chamber, or reactor; and the exhaust system ( Fig. 1 ). A fourth component that is often used is a closed-loop process-control monitor, which is now available in a PC-based design. Fig. 1 Thermal CVD reactor Plasma CVD is a method that operates at...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are properly lubricated also minimize voltage drops in air. Commercial materials for electrical contacts are divided into two categories based on their manufacturing methods: (a) wrought materials, which include both pure metals and alloys and (b) composite materials, which include powder...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 7.19 (0.260) 1875 (3407) 2665 (4829) 0.11 (460) 96 (173) Cr 6.2 (3.4) 0.16 12.9 (f) 36 2.884 … … 2.498 Cobalt (Co) 27 58.94 8.85 (0.319) 1495 ± 1 (2723 ± 1.8) 2900 (5250) 0.099 (410) 58.4 (105) Co 13.8 (7.66) 0.165 6.24 (b) 30 2.5071 … 4.0686 2.4967 Copper (Cu) 29...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... interconnection of the pores. Replamine-form porous materials of α-Al 2 O 3 , titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ), calcium phosphates, polyurethane, silicone rubber, polymethyl methacrylate, and cobalt-base alloys have been used as bone implants, with the calcium phosphates being the most acceptable ( Ref 18 , 20...