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co-consolidated joints

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... information on different types of joints, namely, fastened, adhesive bonded, dual polymer bonded, co-consolidated, and welded joints. It explains the joining methods of thermoplastic composites, such as press forming, diaphragm forming, autoclaving, ultrasonic welding, resistance welding, and induction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...)-to-titanium adhesively bonded splice joints are being utilized in aircraft primary structures. Joining carbon-epoxy to titanium using adhesive bonding has provided substantial weight savings. For these co-cured bonded joints, adhesive comparison testing led to the selection of FM300K, which is a film adhesive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...-220 Impact ground 98.0 2.2 0.10 0.15 0.15 0.08 0.08 0.04 O-30 Inert gas atomization 99.0 0.5 0.07 0.12 0.12 0.07 0.07 0.04 (a) Minimum. (b) Maximum metallic impurities. (c) <0.01 Cr; <0.025 Ni, Cu, Ti, Zr; <0.005 Zn, Mn, Ag, Co, Pb, Ca, Mo; <0.015 U...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and adhesively bonded repairs of the composite structures. The article presents several examples to illustrate how these repairs can be achieved. adhesive bonding bolted joints bolting co-cured panels composite repair repair design honeycomb sandwich panel construction riveting DESIGN...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... have permitted some exciting new developments in the field of surface treatment, where an oxygen plasma treatment could be equally effective. Research at Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Co. ( Ref 14 ) indicates that treatment of PEEK-graphite composites with chromic/sulfuric acid etch, gas plasma...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... by a secondary electroslag remelting operation ( Ref 9 ). Commonly used cobalt alloys and their biomedical applications Table 1 Commonly used cobalt alloys and their biomedical applications Common alloy names ASTM designation UNS designation Manufacturing process Product Cast CoCrMo, Co-28Cr...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... efficiently absorbed by the base alloys than the 10.6 μm wavelength CO 2 laser radiation. Fusion welding of base alloys with higher residual hydrogen will require the use of weld pretreatment or other special techniques to control hydrogen content in the weld atmosphere. In fact, one company...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... repair of composite primary aircraft components. Although these meager results and other attempts were not encouraging, the scarf joint with a co-cured patch that was essentially flush with the outer mold line looked promising if it could be understood and optimized. The U.S. Air Force funded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Inconel 617 … B93, AM 788, TD6 MA 758 Inconel 52 Inconel welding electrode 152 (a) General Electric alloy B50TF108, available in powder form from Alloy Metals, Inc. Composition: 14% Cr, 9.5% Co, 4.9% Ti, 4% W, 4% Mo, 3% Al, 4.5% Si, 0.7% B, balance Ni. (b) Available in powder form from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in selected applications. Unlike chromium plating, these may be applied to titanium alloys, allowing their use in wear applications. Initially, thermal spray WC-Co coatings were used. These have been replaced with more corrosion- and wear-resistant WC-Co-Cr coatings because of fretting and sliding wear issues...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... embrittlement ( Ref 4 ). A custom cobalt-base alloy strengthened by Co 3 (Al,W) precipitates has been tested for use in welding carbon steel and titanium alloys ( Ref 37 ). It was tested with a relatively short probe (1.4 mm, or 0.06 in., in length) but was able to survive over 45 m (148 ft) in mild steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... developed that made routine drilling and milling operations feasible. Today, cobalt-based alloys are a standard implant alloy in orthopedic applications and have an excellent history of successful implantation inside the human body. The most common Co-Cr-Mo alloys in use today are the cast grade (ASTM F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... tacking Every ply if part is not flat Typically every 3 or more plies In-process joining options Co-fusion Co-cure, Co-bond Postprocess joining options Fastening, bonding, fusion Fastening, bonding Manufacturing scrap rates Low Low Ease of prepregging Fair to poor Good to excellent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Laser Welding Limited information is available on laser welding. Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) lasers induce excitation of the vibrational modes and, hence, heating of the irradiated organic material ( Ref 24 , 25 ). At low power input levels, satisfactory weld penetration can be achieved. The technique...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... opportunities. Complex or unique custom geometries can be fabricated readily. Complex material compositions are also possible that can lead to optimized mechanical property distributions. Additionally, functional devices with kinematic joints and embedded components can be fabricated in the AM machine, enabling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Robert Schliekelmann, the pioneer of Redux bonding at Fokker, was sufficiently concerned about this oversight to make a plea for more attention to this issue ( Ref 3 ). Hart-Smith and co-workers at Douglas Aircraft Company prepared a document on surface preparation of fibrous composites to help...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., higher cobalt, and lower molybdenum), originally developed as a cast blade alloy by International Nickel Co. of Canada Ltd. (Inco). IN-100 exhibited excellent high temperature strength due to a high γ′ content. P&W experimented with press-compacted billets that were subsequently conventionally forged...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006947
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... turboprop engine, and the NERA electric motorcycle. For the fuel nozzle tip, approximately 20 parts were consolidated into one part, eliminating many brazed and welded joints that contributed to limited service life. These fuel nozzle tips are manufactured by GE Aviation with metal PBF for LEAP engines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Industry , Fort Collins, CO • High-Performance Composites , Ray Publishing , Wheat Ridge, CO • SAMPE Journal , SAMPE International Business Office , Covina, CA ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... technique without positive pressure cures the patches, strength properties must be reduced accordingly. Step 7: Apply the Repair Scheme Whether the repair scheme is cured in place (co-bonded) or secondarily bonded, three aspects are critical. First, surface preparation is most important for bondline...