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cluster dynamics

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... distribution ( Eq 7 ) for n ≤ n * and dotted lines to the steady-state distributions ( Eqs 8 and 85 ). Fig. 5 Precipitate density as a function of aging time for an aluminum solid solution containing 0.18 at.% Sc aged at 300 °C. The time evolution obtained from cluster dynamics simulations ( Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...-Mg-Si-Cu alloys Phase (a) Aging condition (b) Crystal structure (c) Shape, dimensions, orientation (d) Composition Comments Ref Al-Mg-Si Mg-Si coclusters (C1, C2, cluster(1), primary GP zone) NA Probably fcc Equiaxed?, 4–55 atoms, d = 2.4 nm, coherent On average Mg:Si...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on silicon), accurate quantification can be performed ( Ref 12 ). When depth profiles are required, most TOF-SIMS systems can be operated in a “dynamic” SIMS mode, where a second ion gun (e.g., cesium, O 2 , gas cluster beam, or monatomic argon) is used as the sputtering beam, and the LMIG is used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... TEM specimen prepared parallel to the rolling plane. Original magnification 62,000× Fig. 4 Fe-3Si single crystal, cold rolled 20% in the (111)[11 2 ] orientation showing increased density of dislocations and clusters of short dislocation loops. Thin-foil TEM specimen prepared parallel...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... to the lost foam process. Alternatively at shakeout, the flask is again subjected to vibration (but this time to undo the compaction), and a robot reaches in and extracts the solidified metal cluster and rotates and positions the cluster so that the sand in internal passageways falls out (or drains out...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... ) with a stability time interval of approximately 10 −10 s. It is to be expected that the carbon-rich clusters existing in molten iron-carbon alloys are in dynamic equilibrium and that they diffuse within the melt. Fundamentals of Solidification of Cast Iron Length Scale of Solidification Structures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Mass Transf. , Vol 51 , 2008 , p 1431 – 1438 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2007.10.017 62. Wu C. , Cho T.J. , Xu J. , Lee D. , Yang B. , and Zachariah M.R. , Effect of Nanoparticle Clustering on the Effective Thermal Conductivity of Concentrated Silica...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... , and Mortensen A. , Quasistatic and Dynamic Compression of Aluminum-Oxide Particle Reinforced Pure Aluminum , Mater. Sci. Eng. , Vol A337 , 2002 , p 202 – 211 10.1016/S0921-5093(02)00035-7 13. Lee S.M. , Jung J.H. , Fleury E. , Kim W.T. , and Kim D.H. , Metal Matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... the wax pattern is melted away from the ceramic mold before pouring, the foam pattern vaporizes during the pouring of molten metal. Fig. 1 Lost foam pattern for cylinder head. (a) Four different sections of the foam pattern before being glued together. (b) Foam cluster with its gating system...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... cellular automaton (CA) can be applied to the simulation of static and dynamic recrystallization. It describes the steps involved in the CA simulation of recrystallization. These include defining the CA framework, generating the initial microstructure, distributing nuclei of recrystallized grains, growing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.9781627082075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
..., Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers , 1988 , p 37 – 45 20. Roberts W. , in HSLA Steels: Technology and Applications , American Society for Metals , 1984 , p 33 , 67 21. Samuel F.H. , Yue S. , Jonas J.J. , and Barnes K.R. , Effect of Dynamic Recrystallization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... ). (a) Typical microstructure with MC inclusion clusters. (b) Fracture profile showing that MC-nucleated microvoids are localized along the fracture plane. (c) SEM fractograph showing shallow dimples nucleated by MC inclusion clusters. Source: Ref 25 Fig. 5 Microstructure and fracture surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... processing. Of the three sets of wafers placed around the metal etcher, only the wafers placed in a location A showed metal corrosion. This indicates that there are other fab conditions that affect corrosion such as residence time and air-flow dynamics. The second phase of the study focused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... E.A. , The Role of Fine Defect Clusters in Irradiation-Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking of Proton-Irradiated 304 Stainless Steel , Proc. 21st International Symposium on Effects of Radiation on Material , Grossbeck M.R. , Allen T.R. , Lott R.G. , and Kumar A.S. , Ed., STP...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... , Vol 4 , 1986 , p 22 10.1116/1.583445 105. Takagi T. , Ionized-Cluster Beam Deposition and Epitaxy , Noyes Publications , 1988 106. Yamada I. , Ionized Cluster Beam (ICB) Deposition Techniques, Chapter 14 , Handbook of Plasma Processing Technology: Fundamentals, Etching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... 26 Spectra acquired from a TiH x /KClO 4 sample exposed to 18 O Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the principles and applications of high-sputter-rate dynamic secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) for depth profiling and bulk impurity analysis. It begins with an overview...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.9781627081856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... It is hypothesized that they are either Fe 3 C clusters ( Ref 1 , 34 ) or C n clusters ( Ref 1 , 5 ). Because the nucleation energy for Fe 3 C is smaller than that for graphite, it is thermodynamically possible for the carbon-rich regions to exist as Fe 3 C clusters. Other investigators consider the C n...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... about what customers want, what competitors are supplying, and the dynamics of the market. In the steps described above, the team establishes a list of products that are worth tearing apart and analyzing. This list should include products that can provide technical solutions to design needs...