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cluster condensation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... with heterophase fluctuations that led to the formation of precipitates. It discusses the gas cluster dynamics using the kinetic approach to describe nucleation. The article presents key parameters, such as cluster condensation and evaporation rates, to describe the time evolution of the system. The predictions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ( No. 7 ), 1992 , p 46 Activated Reactive Evaporation Molecular Beam Epitaxy Ionized Cluster Beam Deposition Ion-Beam Sputter Deposition Jet Vapor Deposition Fundamentals of Thermal Vaporization Vaporization of Materials Fundamentals of Condensation Deposition of Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... by precipitation and condensation of vacancies during cooling usually are in the form of small loops ( Fig. 6 ). These vacancies can also form other clusters, such as stacking-fault tetrahedra. Fig. 5 Dislocations aligned on traces of slip planes in germanium deformed at low temperature. HNO 3 -acetic-HF...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the pattern materials used in investment casting, which can be loosely grouped into waxes and plastics. The patternmaking process, pattern tooling, and pattern and cluster assembly are described. The article also describes the manufacture of ceramic shell...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... daily 2 Ambient 20–30 68–86 >75% 1 h, 15 min 3 Humidity fog 50 122 85–95% 22 h, 30 min 4 Humidity fog 50 122 85–95% 48 h (weekend) Cyclic UV- condensation/salt fog-dry exposure ASTM D 5894 (Ref: ASTM D 4587, ASTM G 85, A5) 0.05% NaCl 0.35% (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 N/A N/A 1 UV...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... 68, B 75, B 88, B 111, B 280, B 306, B 359, B 360, B 395, B 447, B 543 Water tubes; condenser, evaporator and heat-exchanger tubes; air conditioning and refrigeration, gas, heater and oil burner lines, plumbing, pipe and steam tubes; brewery and distillery tubes; gasoline, hydraulic and oil lines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., the condensation between metal halides and metal alkoxides (either initially added or formed upon the reaction of metal halides with alcohols) under release of an alkyl halide, is shown in Eq 4 . Ether elimination ( Eq 5 ) is the result of the reaction between two metal alkoxides. The ester elimination process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... The resulting charts are helpful in several ways. They condense a large body of information into a compact but accessible form, they reveal correlations between material properties that aid in checking and estimating data, and they lend themselves to a performance-optimizing technique (developed in the article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... from Ref 1 Fig. 18 Schematic representation of solid solutions. (a) Ordered substitutional. (b) Clustering. (c) Random interstitial. Adapted from Ref 1 Fig. 2 (a) Variation of C p with absolute temperature, T . (b) Variation of enthalpy, H , with absolute temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... in bronze; etch by swabbing, 10–20 s 2 g K 2 Cr 2 O 7 , 4 mL NaCl, 8 mL H 2 SO 4 , 100 mL H 2 O Develops grain boundaries and small grain clusters in bronze; etch by swabbing, 10–20 s Keller's reagent: 2.5 mL HNO 3 , 1.5 mL HCl, 1.0 mL HF, 95 mL H 2 O For aluminum and aluminum alloys; immerse 8–15 s...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...) in liquid state are condensed phases with compact distribution of atoms in short-range order. X-ray and neutron wide-angle diffraction performed by Steeb and Maier ( Ref 2 ) on molten iron-carbon alloys with up to 5.5 wt% C in the temperature range of 1150 to 1600 °C (2100 to 2910 °F) found that, for pure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... deoxidants such as aluminum, ferrosilicon, or carbon are therefore required to bring dissolved oxygen contents down to acceptable levels through precipitation of condensed oxides as inclusions. At the same time, additions of other ferroalloys (for example, Fe-Mn, Fe-Nb, Si-Mn, Fe-V) are made as needed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... energy type) Convert Transform, gyrate, liquefy, solidify, evaporate, condense, integrate, differentiate, process Support To secure firmly a material or energy path into a defined location Stabilize Steady Secure Attach, mount, hold, fasten, lock Position Orient Translate … Rotate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 6.6 0.7 … Current to maintain coated steel after 20 yr, A I mc20 = i mc · A c20 0.5 0.8 0.2 … Current to maintain entire structure, 12.3 A I prot20 = Σ I mb20 + Σ I mc20 Design of condenser waterbox impressed-current system Table 14 Design of condenser...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... (2010 °F). The MoO 3 sublimes, leaves behind most impurities, and is condensed into a high-purity powder. The wet chemical process involves dissolving the technical oxide in ammonia to form ammonium molybdate, (NH 4 ) 2 MoO 4 , and removing impurities by precipitation and filtration and/or solvent...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., microstructural characteristics may be different within a given cross section. Following sectioning, specimens should be washed to remove foreign material that may have infiltrated the pores. Two devices used for removing contaminants from pores are an extractor-condenser and an ultrasonic cleaner...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article describes eight stages of the atomistic film growth: vaporization of the material, transport of the material to the substrate, condensation and nucleation of the atoms, nuclei growth, interface formation, film growth, changes in structure during the deposition...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... a given cross section. Following sectioning, specimens should be washed to remove foreign material that may have infiltrated the pores. Two devices used for removing contaminants from pores are an extractor-condenser and an ultrasonic cleaner. After the specimen has been washed, some means...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of thermophilic SRB in the severe intergranular pitting of 304L stainless steel condenser tubes in a geothermal electrical power plant operating at >100 °C (> 210 °F) has been reported ( Ref 16 ). In another example, microbiological activity and chloride concentrated under scale deposits were blamed...