1-20 of 339 Search Results for

cleaner composition

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Alkaline cleaning is a commonly used method for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. This article focuses on the composition, operating conditions, and test and control of alkaline cleaners, as well as equipment used and their application methods. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of this article; additional information is available in the Section “Surface Engineering of Non-ferrous Metals” in this Volume. Mineral Acid Cleaning of Iron and Steel Cleaner Composition A variety of mineral acids and solutions of acid salts can be used, either with or without surfactants (wetting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... dissolution. Alkaline Cleaner Composition Alkaline cleaners have three major types of components: builders, which make up the bulk of the cleaner; organic or inorganic additives, which promote better cleaning or affect the rate of metal oxide dissolution of the surface; and surfactants. Builders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... parameters for wipe solvent cleaners, including methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, trichloroethene, tetrachloroethylene, acetone, toluene, dichloromethane, benzene, xylene, and other alternate wipe solvent cleaners. It contains a table that lists the compositions and properties of wipe solvent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for three main stages of emulsion cleaning: immersion cleaning, secondary cleaning, and spray cleaning. In addition, the classifications, composition, and selection criteria are also discussed. cleaner composition cleaning equipment emulsion cleaners emulsion cleaning immersion cleaning organic...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 8 Sequence of operations for light vs. heavy applications of manganese phosphate coatings. Coating weight is function of specific cleaner used and immersion time in phosphating solution. Solution No. Type Composition Operating temperature Cycle time, min °C °F 1 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 1 Surface preparation required for removal of buffing compounds and tarnish before plating of copper alloys. If the buffing compound is hard and dry, an additional presoak in a solvent emulsion cleaner can be used. Solution No. Type of solution Composition of solution More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 10 Process for preparing heat-treatable aluminum alloys for porcelain enameling No. Type Composition of solution Operating temperature Cycle time, min Constituent wt% °C °F 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) (b) (b) 60–82 140–180 2–5 2 Oxide removal Chromic acid More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 7 Process for preparing heat-treatable aluminum alloys for porcelain enameling No. Type Composition of solution Operating temperature Cycle time, min Constituent wt% °C °F 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) (b) (b) 60–82 140–180 2–5 2 Oxide removal Chromic acid More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 7 “Clean only” metal preparation, immersion process Stage Solution composition Temperature Cycle time, min °C °F 1-Clean Alkaline cleaner 30–60 g/L (4–8 oz/gal) 82–100 180–212 5–15 2-Clean Alkaline cleaner 30–60 g/L (4–8 oz/gal) 82–100 180–212 5–15 3-Rinse More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 8 “Clean only” metal preparation, spray process Stage Solution composition Temperature Cycle time, seconds °C °F 1-Prewash Tap water Ambient to 71 Ambient to 160 30–60 2-Wash Alkaline cleaner, 7.5–22.5 g/L (1–3 oz/gal) 60–71 140–160 60–90 3-Rinse Tap More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 2 Surface preparation required for the removal of buffing compounds and for bright dipping before plating of copper alloys Solution No. Type of solution Composition of solution (a) Operating Temperature Cycle time,s °C °F 1 Cathodic alkaline cleaner (b) Na 2 CO 3 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
.... Compositions and operating conditions of common alkaline cleaners are given in Table 5 . Alkaline cleaners used to clean aluminum surfaces Table 5 Alkaline cleaners used to clean aluminum surfaces Constituent or condition Amount or value Etching cleaners Solution 1 Sodium hydroxide...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 9 Ground-coat enameling, acid-etch/nickel-deposition process (dip or spray application) No. Solution Composition Temperature Cycle time, min °C °F Dip Spray 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) Cleaner, 15–60 g/L (2–8 oz/gal) (b) Ambient to 100 (c) Ambient to 212 (c) 6–12 More
Image
Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 7 Ground-coat enameling, acid-etch/nickel-deposition process (dip or spray application) No. Solution Composition Temperature Cycle time, min °C °F Dip Spray 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) Cleaner, 15–60 g/L (2–8 oz/gal) (b) Ambient to 100 (c) Ambient to 212 (c) 6–12 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 9 Sequence of operations for spray zinc phosphating of automotive bodies Stage Type Composition Temperature Time,s °C °F 1 Organic solvent Mineral spirits 30 86 60 2 Alkaline cleaner Titanated, alkali 6.0 g/L (5.0 × 10 −2 lb/gal) 60–65 140–150 70 3 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 12 Processing sequence used in the chemical coating of titanium alloys Type of solution Composition Operating temperature Cycle time, s °C °F Degreasing Alkaline cleaner Boiling point 60–120 Pickling 15% HNO 3 , 1% HF in water 23 75 10–60 Chemical immersion More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... processes are covered in separate articles that follow in this Section of the handbook. Additional relevant information is contained in the articles “Environmental Regulation of Surface Engineering,”   “Vapor Degreasing Alternatives,” and “Compliant Wipe Solvent Cleaners” in this Volume. Information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... enameling process, the composition of frits, and the preparation of coating substrates. It also provides information on chemical, mechanical, and electrical properties and sheds light on process consistency and quality control. chemical resistance firing temperature glass coating metal-oxide frits...
Image
Published: 01 January 1994
Fig. 4 Electroplating copper on stainless steels Solution no. Type of solution Composition of solution Operating temperature Cycle time, min °C °F 1 Anodic alkaline cleaner (a) Alkali, as low as possible (b) (b) (b) 2 Acid pickle H 2 SO 4 , 8–11% 65–70 More