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cleaner composition

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract Alkaline cleaning is a commonly used method for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. This article focuses on the composition, operating conditions, and test and control of alkaline cleaners, as well as equipment used and their application methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the evaluation parameters for wipe solvent cleaners, including methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, trichloroethene, tetrachloroethylene, acetone, toluene, dichloromethane, benzene, xylene, and other alternate wipe solvent cleaners. It contains a table that lists the compositions and properties of wipe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of this article; additional information is available in the Section “Surface Engineering of Non-ferrous Metals” in this Volume. Mineral Acid Cleaning of Iron and Steel Cleaner Composition A variety of mineral acids and solutions of acid salts can be used, either with or without surfactants (wetting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... dissolution. Alkaline Cleaner Composition Alkaline cleaners have three major types of components: builders, which make up the bulk of the cleaner; organic or inorganic additives, which promote better cleaning or affect the rate of metal oxide dissolution of the surface; and surfactants. Builders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and equipment for three main stages of emulsion cleaning: immersion cleaning, secondary cleaning, and spray cleaning. In addition, the classifications, composition, and selection criteria are also discussed. cleaner composition cleaning equipment emulsion cleaners emulsion cleaning immersion cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... occurs, some alloys containing copper, iron, manganese, or silicon develop a black smut on the surface. Compositions and operating conditions of common alkaline cleaners are given in Table 5 . Aluminum parts should be insulated from ferrous metal baskets or supports when immersed in acid cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... s of the cleaning operation. After removal from the cleaner, the work is rinsed in warm or hot water, dipped in acid to neutralize any residual alkali, and finally rinsed in cold water. The work can then be finished as desired. The composition of two solutions that are recommended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... cleaning processes are covered in separate articles that follow in this Section of the handbook. Additional relevant information is contained in the articles “Environmental Regulation of Surface Engineering,”   “Vapor Degreasing Alternatives,” and “Compliant Wipe Solvent Cleaners” in this Volume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Number of pieces per hour 2500 500 250 Pieces per basket 250 50 25 Pounds pickled per hour 2500 2500 2500 Configuration of forgings Irregular Irregular (a) Irregular (a) (a) May contain cavities; require hand loading into baskets Compositions of pickling tanks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of the porcelain enameling process, the composition of frits, and the preparation of coating substrates. It also provides information on chemical, mechanical, and electrical properties and sheds light on process consistency and quality control. chemical resistance firing temperature glass coating metal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... as the result of some pretreatment (certain types of cleaners and/or conditioning agents based on manganese phosphate) of the metal surface. Manganese-iron phosphate coatings are usually formed from high-temperature baths from 90 to 95 °C (190 to 200 °F). Composition of Phosphate Coating All...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... by their inorganic composition and coating properties. They are fused to the metallic substrate at temperatures above 425 °C (800 °F) during the firing process. The most common applications for porcelain enamels are major appliances, water-heater tanks, sanitary ware, and cookware. In addition, porcelain enamels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... parting line burrs. A lubricant such as soap or detergent solution (alkaline cleaner) often is used during barrel tumbling. Tumbling cycle times to remove parting line burrs range from 4 to 12 h. Vibratory finishing also is used to finish the parting line regions ( Ref 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are applied to magnesium parts primarily to improve their appearance and corrosion resistance. Many factors may be involved in selecting a suitable surface treatment or finishing system, including surface conductivity, wear resistance, the service environment, alloy composition, and the presence (or absence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., the thickness and composition of the soil layer to be removed, and the level of agitation. Agitation is an especially important factor. Higher temperatures generally result in better cleaning. Sometimes the bulk melting point of a paste or grease must be achieved for good cleaning. Temperatures above 65...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... stringent than those for anodizing. Solvent Cleaning The primary function of solvent cleaners is the removal of oil and grease compounds. Organic solvents alone rarely provide sufficient cleaning to permit final finishing operations; solvents usually are used to remove large amounts of organic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... thorough than alkaline cleaners Leaves a film that protects the steel against corrosion Most effective method for pigmented compounds Effective, inexpensive means of removing all three types of cutting fluids Alkaline cleaning: Both physical and chemical actions may be used Alkaline...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the basic penetrant systems, such as the water-washable system, the post-emulsifiable system, and the solvent-removable system. The article provides information on the liquid-penetrant materials, emulsifiers, solvent cleaners, and developers. It details the equipment requirements, selection of penetrant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... compositions and as oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS) alloys. Almost any metal, as well as nonmetallics, can be brazed to these heat-resistant alloys, if it can withstand the heat of brazing. For additional information on these alloys, see Volume 1 of the ASM Handbook. Brazing Filler Metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and the immersion process. Fig. 7 “Clean only” metal preparation, immersion process Stage Solution composition Temperature Cycle time, min °C °F 1-Clean Alkaline cleaner 30–60 g/L (4–8 oz/gal) 82–100 180–212 5–15 2-Clean Alkaline cleaner 30–60 g/L (4–8 oz/gal) 82–100 180–212 5...