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clamping

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., including corrosion compatibility, fastener materials and strength, head configurations, importance of clamp-up, interference fit fasteners, lightning strike protection, blind fastening, and sensitivity to hole quality. Types of fusion bonding are presented, namely, thermal welding, friction welding...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Thermoforming is a manufacturing process in which thermoplastic sheets are heated, softened, clamped onto a mold, and made to conform to the shape of the mold or forming tool. It is ideally suited to large-volume runs of small items. This article focuses on major phases of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Fixation devices Ti-6Al-4V AMS 4928, AMS 4965, AMS 4967, ASTM F1472, ASTM F1580 6-4, Grade 5 titanium, Ti-6-4, UNS R56400, Ti6Al4V Fixation devices; knees; hips; spinal; shoulders Pacemakers; vascular clamps; heart valves; filters; bypass devices; defibrillators Ti-6Al-4V ELI AMS 4930, AMS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.../forge welding process in which the items to be welded are securely clamped to electric current-carrying dies, heated by the electric current, and upset ( Fig. 9 ). Clamping ensures good electrical contact between the current-carrying dies and the workpiece and prevents the parts from slipping during the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Casting” and “Die Casting Tooling” in this Volume. The functions of the clamp end of the machine include opening and closing the die, developing clamping force, and providing power for sliding cores and for ejecting the casting from the die cavity. The machine must open and close the die on a...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... fluid metal while spinning. All clamping arrangements should be designed to tighten with, or to be unaffected by, centrifugal force. Molds should be firmly clamped to the table, because unbalanced molds may fly off the table during operation. Adequate safety guards with interlocks should be used around...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... desirable extension of injection molding, based on the concept that large parts could be produced on molding equipment having a relatively low clamping force if pressure on the mold surfaces could be kept low. The mold cavity pressure developed during the structural-foam process is indeed low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... as a guide for the force from the motor to the sample, and sample clamps in order to hold the sample being tested. Fig. 1 Generic setup of a dynamic mechanical analyzer The sample is subjected to a periodic (sinusoidal) mechanical stress, which causes it to undergo deformation with the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... simultaneously clamps and pulls. The product emerges from the puller mechanism and is cut to the desired length by an automatic, flying cutoff saw. There are two categories of pultrusion products. The first category consists of solid rod and bar stock produced from axial fiberglass reinforcements and polyester...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... shell. Mandrels can be designed for use in a vertical or horizontal position. Plates are placed at each end when the mandrel is designed for use in a horizontal position. Vertical casting is preferred when possible. Flat workpieces are cleaned and tinned and fitted with a preformed steel fence clamped...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 1 mm (0.02 to 0.04 in.) in diameter. BARS are bent by four basic methods: draw bending, compression bending, roll bending, and stretch bending. In draw bending, the workpiece is clamped to a rotating form and drawn by the form against a pressure die ( Fig. 7 ). The pressure die can be either...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... modified for this purpose ( Fig. 7 ). A variable-speed centrifugal casting (spinning) machine is fitted with a safe means for supporting and rotating a reasonably well-balanced workpiece clamped between recessed sealing plates. With the shell rotating, molten Babbitt is fed to the inside of the prepared...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... site. Mobile equipment usually supplies full-wave, half-wave, and alternating magnetizing-current outputs. Part inspection is accomplished by use of flexible cables, yokes, prod contacts, contact clamps, and coils. Instruments and controls are mounted on the front of the unit. Magnetizing current...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... energy to clean casting Operator required to hold air tool Creation of silica dust, which affects operator Insufficient speed for high production The vertical core knockout machine ( Fig. 2 ) involves the use of a specially made air tool that strokes down to clamp the casting for holding...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Fiberfrax (Unifrax Corp.) (approximately 3.2 mm, or 0.125 in., thick) over the sprue in the mold. A ceramic-lined cylinder is then placed on the diaphragm. A predetermined amount of metal is poured into the cylinder, and a cap is placed on the cylinder and clamped tight. The cap is attached to a source of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... 176 254 × 1520 10 × 60 3,100–6,300 125 275 305 × 1520 12 × 60 4,500–7,900 178 392 356 × 1520 14 × 60 5,400–10,000 240 528 356 × 1830 14 × 72 5,400–10,000 293 647 The electrodes are supported on three separate arms and held to the electrode arm by a spring-clamped...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... tool for clamping of the slab ( Fig. 2 ). This disadvantage can be avoided by use of a vertical semicontinuous caster with incorporated discharge device ( Fig. 3 ). This layout shows a larger casting pit with integrated casting cylinder and casting table, to which the discharge device is attached by a...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... compromise in design or processing, so that a usable part is obtained. With the mounting clamp shown in Fig. 15 , an aluminum (alloy 356) sand casting, a revision of the choice of heat treatment was required, in order to curtail the distortion that had occurred as a result of the first-selected process and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... clamped by two electrodes, establishing an electrical connection, followed by the application of current (welding) and the subsequent release of the workpiece. Fig. 2 shows a schematic of the welding process for a crosswire configuration. Similar to its large-scale counterpart, it involves the...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and hydraulically clamp molding box halves Blow in preexpanded Styrofoam beads Close off Styrofoam fill guns, then inject steam to expand and bond the beads Stop the steam and run water through cooling lines Open the mold box Eject pattern from cavity The finished EPS pattern has a...