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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... 1 Example of a chromatogram Abstract Abstract This article is dedicated to gas chromatography (GC), covering the chromatographic method and primary components of a modern GC apparatus. The components include the carrier gas cylinder, flow controller and pressure regulator, sample inlet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... as a function of relative intensity normalized to the most abundant at m / z = 375. The molecular ion at m / z = 409 is observed. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 4 Total ion chromatogram (plot of total ion intensity versus time) obtained with electron ionization gas chromatography/mass spectrometry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Fig. 1 The original implementation of liquid chromatography employed single-use columns packed with natural powders and gravity-driven flow. Fig. 2 Modern implementations of liquid chromatography employ reusable columns packed with engineered particles and high-pressure flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... detection mode. SC, suppressed conductivity detection; NSC, nonsuppressed conductivity detection; UV, ultraviolet detection; EC, electrochemical detection. Courtesy of Thermo Fisher Scientific Ultraviolet activity of common ion chromatography analytes Table 1 Ultraviolet activity of common ion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...Abstract Abstract Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is useful in analyzing mixtures of organic compounds. This article commences with a description of the principles of mass spectrometry and gas chromatography. It provides information on the procedures of mass spectrum interpretation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Fig. 8 Selection of a liquid chromatography mode. RPC, reversed-phase; NPC, normal-phase; IPC, ion-pair; IEC, ion-exchange; SEC, size-exclusion Fig. 10 Reversed-phase chromatograms of a mixture of parabens and baby lotion extract. (a) Paraben standard. (b) Baby lotion Fig. 11...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...Inorganic ions determined by ion chromatography Table 1 Inorganic ions determined by ion chromatography Conductivity detection Spectrophotometric detection Electrochemical detection Anions Cations Anions Cations Anions Arsenate Ammonium Phosphite Cadmium Bromide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... resins by chromatography. Finally, the article covers three operations of thermoanalysis, namely differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and thermomechanical testing. chromatography differential scanning calorimetry molecular weight thermal properties thermogravimetric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to control the rate of reaction. The article describes the component material tests, mixed resin system tests, and prepreg tests for the resin system. These tests include high-performance liquid chromatography, infrared spectroscopy, and gel permeation chromatography. The article contains a table that lists...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... (a) Gas chromatography as a separation technique. Source: Ref 7 . (b) Basic components of a gas chromatography (GC) system with combined mass spectrometer. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 31 Reproducible fragmentation of molecular ions. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 32 Gas chromatography-mass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The discussion covers the operating principles, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of optical emission spectroscopy (OES), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), X-ray spectroscopy, and ion chromatography (IC). In addition, information on combustion analysis and inert gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... epoxy components as well as the cured material. The type and concentration of curative (hardener) used in the epoxy resin formulation can be assessed by using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). In consultation with a polymer chemist, one would learn that the epoxide-containing component...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... (spectroscopy) GC gas chromatography GC-IR gas chromatography-infrared (spectroscopy) GC/MS gas chromatography/mass spectrometry GFAAS graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry HPLC high-performance liquid chromatography IC ion chromatography ICP-AES...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... group analysis • … • … • • • • … … • • … … … Energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy N … … … N N … … … N … … … … … Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy N D, • • … • N N • • • • • … • … Gas chromatography … … V … V V V V V … V V V N,S...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... 28 , 1981 , p 705 10.1016/0039-9140(81)80104-X 24. Blo G. , Dondi F. , Betti A. , and Bighi C. , J. Chromatography , Vol 257 , 1983 , p 69 10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88154-1 25. Fischer K. , Z. Angew. Chem. , Vol 48 , 1938 , p 395 26. Mitchell...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... analyzers Mass spectrometry Radioisotope count Ionization gages Gas chromatography Quantity-loss determination by: Weighing Gaging differential pressure Liquid systems at pressure Unaided visual methods Aided visual methods Surface wetting Weight loss Water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... as “the molecular weight.” Instead, there are certain average molecular weights or molecular weight distributions (MWDs). The most common analytical tool for measuring MWD is gel permeation chromatography, where the polymer molecules in a dilute solution are separated according to their hydrodynamic volume when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Evaluation of Measurement Data—Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement , Joint Committee for Guides in Metrology, 2008 9. Grob R.L. , Modern Practice of Gas Chromatography , Wiley Interscience , 1995 10. McNair H.M. , Basic Gas Chromatography , John Wiley and Sons...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Calibration of B 2 O 3 concentration from ion chromatography exclusion versus height of the B–O overtone band. The line drawn through the data is from the linear least-squares fit of the data. Fig. 18 Fourier transform infrared spectra of silicon. A, silicon wafer with oxygen content...