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chemical recovery

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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 16 Flow diagram of kraft pulping and chemical recovery More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... examines the corrosion problems in high-yield mechanical pulping, sulfite process, neutral sulfite semichemical pulping, chemical recovery, tall oil plants, wastewater treatment, and recovery boilers. It explains the stages of chlorine-based and nonchlorine bleaching, process water reuse for elemental...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., filtration and washing, and powder recovery techniques. It concludes with a discussion on characterization, centering on size distribution analysis, specific surface area, density, porosity chemical composition, phase, and surface composition. ceramic powders ceramic processing additives chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article introduces the mechanism of diffusion and the common types of heat treatments such as annealing and precipitation hardening, which are applicable to most ferrous and nonferrous systems. Three distinct processes occur during annealing: recovery, recrystallization, and grain...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... best recovery of the entrapped metal. A typical operation is shown in Fig. 6 . Fig. 6 Furnace operator cleaning the sidewalls of the furnace and rabbling the flux into the hearth oss One should fully understand that the drossing flux process does not chemically reduce aluminum oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article begins with a discussion on the driving forces for recycling composites. It reviews the recycling process of thermoset-matrix composites and thermoplastic-matrix composites. The recycling of thermoset-matrix composites includes regrind, chemical, energy recovery...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... due to the low aluminum levels and the desire to achieve a matte finish. Proprietary additives can be used to assist with producing the matte finish. Closed-loop recovery systems of this type also reduce chemical costs and provide more-uniform etching. Because of the high capital investment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... lists numerous applications for tantalum in the chemical processing industry and in other industries. Applications for tantalum equipment Table 1 Applications for tantalum equipment Product Operation Industry Equipment Remarks Acetic acid, crude Recovery from wood distillate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of differing materials and physical properties of materials are frequently the cause of making material recovery uneconomical. For example, thermosetting plastics cannot be melted; when they are formed they are generally made of two or more chemical parts that bond into an almost crystalline lattice structure...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... low values. A number of alternative scrap recovery methods have been developed for other mixed aluminum scrap sources, and these methods can be adapted for use in car recycling. They include improved preprocessing methods to concentrate aluminum fractions and mechanical, physical, and chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The ability to recycle into a usable metal matrix composite therefore becomes a significant overall cost driver for their use. Most of the significant tonnage in metal matrix composites is done in aluminum-base materials, and the most progress in recycling and recovery has been done in the aluminum matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Many nonferrous metals, including aluminum, nickel, copper, and others, are among the few materials that do not degrade or lose their chemical or physical properties in the recycling process. As a result, these metals can be recycled an infinite number of times. This article focuses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes selected U.S. environmental statutes and regulations that are pertinent to material surface finishers. It provides information on the applicability, requirements, and permitting conditions of the Clean Air Act, the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... reprocessing of heterogeneous waste plastics into finished “plastic lumber” products Tertiary Recycling Tertiary recycling is the recovery of chemicals from scrap and waste plastics for use as chemical feedstock or fuel. Two technologies are involved: Chemical decomposition (also called...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... highlights some of the precautions to be followed while machining beryllium metals. Information on the cutting oils, cutting tools, and speeds and feeds used in turning the beryllium are also provided. The article describes the chemical milling and photochemical machining methods that are used for etching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... The Sumitomo Chemical Company of Japan uses an unidentified absorbent to extract gallium directly from Bayer liquors. Gallium Recovery from Zinc Ore Dowa Mining Company, the only company that currently recovers gallium from zinc ore, uses an electrolytic method for recovering zinc. In this method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... the annealing of worked structures in terms of recovery, recrystallization, and grain coarsening. It summarizes some of the annealing treatments used in conjunction with fabrication by metal working, including preheating, interannealing, self-annealing, stabilization, and stoving. The article concludes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., followed by models of constitutive behavior. These models include the isothermal constitutive model and the physical model for superplastic flow. A formal description of the superposition of the operative mechanisms for dynamic recovery at hot-working strain rates is also provided. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract Annealing is an essential treatment in the fabrication of metal parts and semiproducts. This article discusses the processes involved in annealing, namely, recovery, recrystallization, and grain coarsening. It lists the heat treatment conditions of processed aluminum alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... (dislocation multiplication, tangle formation, etc.) and thermally assisted recovery processes (annihilation, rearrangement, etc.) ( Fig. 15 ). Thus, g is a scalar quantity unlike applied stress, internal stress, or strain rate, which can change sign. While g can decrease as a result of recovery during...