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charged device model

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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 10 High-resolution images of focused ion beam (FIB)-sectioned powder particles. (a) Scanning electron microscope/scanning electron detector image. (b) FIB-charged device model image. Source: Ref 4 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... in association with appropriate hood cover devices ensure that charging is in line with requirements, is splash-free, and extracts all the fumes during melting, superheating, skimming, holding, and during tapping. Process Engineering Features This progressive state of development has helped inductive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...—consisting of the furnaces themselves (for the cupola, including holding furnace), the charge makeup, charging and dedusting systems, and for foundations and construction work—are markedly lower for an induction plant. These usually are on the order of half of cupola furnace costs. In terms of operating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... in time during the course of the melting period. Fig. 32 Traveling charging device for feeding several furnaces. Courtesy of ABP Induction Systems Fig. 33 Feed device, Cyrus model Skimming Devices Apart from normal skimming by hand, as still is practiced with smaller furnaces...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., furnace types, charging practices of metal melting methods, namely induction melting, cupola melting, arc melting, crucible melting, reaction melting, and vacuum melting, and the refractories and charging practice of reverberatory furnaces. Molten metal treatment of steels and aluminum also is discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the models of two induction heating devices, namely, induction crucible furnace (ICF) and induction furnace with slits, or segmented and water-cooled induction furnace with cold crucible (IFCC). These devices are used for melting with skull...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006862
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... List of existing medical devices fabricated using additive manufacturing (AM) techniques Medical devices AM techniques Materials Anatomical models Material jetting ( Ref 30 ) Vat polymerization ( Ref 32 ) Polymers ( Ref 30 , 32 ) Dental prostheses Powder-bed fusion ( Ref 33 , 34...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006859
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
...), and ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene Anatomical models, drug-delivery devices, tissue engineering scaffolds, orthotic devices, prosthetic implants Ceramics Hydroxyapatite (HA); ceramics: calcium silicate (CS, Ca, SiO 3 ), calcium phosphate (CaP), beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP); glass-ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.9781627083928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... (trademark of ABP Induction Systems) pouring device illustrated in Fig. 8 ( Ref 5 , 6 ). The form of the pressure-tight vessel and its refractory lining has been designed for the best possible relationship between total and utility capacity. Thus, despite the siphon principle, only a relatively small...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... coulometry. Coulometry in analyzer. An optical device, capable of pro- and application of spectra originating in the which the current is kept constant via an ducing plane polarized light, used for detect- absorption of electromagnetic radiation by amperostat or galvanostat. Also known as ing the state...
Book Chapter

By G. Keough
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... operated vacuum arc skull melter for charge weights of up to 1000 kg (2200 lb). The principal difference between this furnace and the smaller model ( Fig. 1 )—apart from capacity-related layout features—is the rectangular vacuum chamber. Again, the crucible and the tilting mechanism are carried by a dished...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... and a feedstock material. In the majority of cases, the energy source that leads to fusion can be modeled as a heat source which melts both feedstock and substrate. The type of heat source and its configuration affects the size and temperature of the melt pool, the degree of mixing within the pool, the rates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., and fidelity that help to define our current usage of the term focused . The population of FIB instrumentation has grown steadily, and it now represents a substantial fraction of the wider “charged particle beam” family that includes scanning electron microscopes (SEMs) and transmission electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... principles for different types of flow devices used in production quench tanks, namely, vane sensors, fluid-quench sensors, caterpillar quench-evaluation sensors, and thermal probes. Various methods of flow measurement in commercial quench tanks may be acceptable for adequate control to ensure a high-quality...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article illustrates the basic components of dry and wet hearth reverberatory furnaces. It discusses stack melters that are used for aluminum metal casting, as they are efficient in sealing the furnace and using the flue gases to preheat the charge materials. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... An anion is an ion that has a negative charge. An anion will move toward the anode in an electric field. Anode In an electrochemical cell, the anode is the electrode where oxidation takes place. See also the section “ Cell Types and Conditions for Commercial and Industrial Processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... computerized. The raw data are composed of more than a thousand diffraction images recorded by an x-ray area detector, for example, the charge-coupled device area detector used in most modern single-crystal diffractometers. Following data collection, typical data reduction and analysis includes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-relevant performance parameters. Such measurements can be performed at different frequencies and temperatures, and assessed against device physics models to more deeply understand charge dynamics for given structural variations. A detailed discussion of these techniques is outside the scope of this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
..., and this is a valuable attribute. Hand sorters have long used differences in the color of scrap pieces to separate copper and brass from other metals. High-resolution charge-coupled device technology is now used to perform this function automatically, again linked to air-jet or mechanical devices for ejecting...