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Published: 09 June 2014
Fig. 8 Comparison of surface-to-core temperature differential during the heating of a copper billet discussed in Example 3 of this chapter: (a) Using constant surface power density. (b) Using increased surface power density and soaking period. Source: Ref 8 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...</italic> Testing The USP guidance is divided into chapters (USP 87, 88) that cover testing of various biological effects. The main biological effects are cytotoxicity, irritation or intracutaneous reactivity, systemic toxicity (acute toxicity), and implantation. Other biological effects, such as sensitization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... , 1983 • Dalenberg D.P. , “Long Fiber Thermoset Molding Compounds,” Paper presented at Plastic Fillers and Reinforcements, Regional Technical Conference , Atlanta , Society of Plastics Engineers , Oct 1984 • Katz H.S. , chapter 29 , in Handbook of Reinforced Plastics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... quenched. Heat fluxes from the part surface during intensive quenching (and, as a result, the part cooling rates) are several times greater than that for conventional quenching ( Ref 5 , Chapters 3, 5, and 10). Extremely high heat-extraction rates result in a much greater temperature gradient throughout...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... in the literature are based on correlation of some feature or property of the part to be manufactured. Two examples are presented. The first is from the book by Boothroyd, Dewhurst, and Knight ( Ref 1 ), hereafter referred to as BDK. Chapter 9 of this book is devoted to “Design for Sheet Metalworking.” The first...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... to be manufactured. Two examples are presented. The first is from the book by Boothroyd, Dewhurst, and Knight ( Ref 1 ), hereafter referred to as BDK. Chapter 9 of this book is devoted to “Design for Sheet Metalworking.” The first part of this chapter is devoted to estimates of the costs of the dies used for sheet...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... through the intervening sections and made sound. This chapter deals with the design of uneven, enlarged and “isolated” sections for soundness, strength and economy. During the slow solidification of a casting, a thin skin of frozen metal forms like a shell around the outer part of the mold cavity soon...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Vac. Sci. Technol. , Vol 10 , 1973 , p 47 10.1116/1.1318041 2. Mattox D.M. , Ion Plating, Chapter 13 , Handbook of Plasma Processing Technology: Fundamentals, Etching, Deposition and Surface Interactions , Rossnagel S.M. , Cuomo J.J. , and Westwood W.D. , Noyes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... succeeding level, builds on the level below with fewer, but more-complicated tests. The building-block approach is discussed in detail in Chapter 2 of MIL-HDBK-17 Volume 1. The pyramid of Fig. 1 illustrates the building- block concept. At the lowest levels, the basic materials properties are determined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... W.W. , Ed., Electrochemical Society , 1975 , p 608 5. Stern K.H. , Deanhardt M.L. , and Panayappan Rm. , J. Phys. Chem. , Vol 83 , 1979 , p 2848 10.1021/j100485a009 6. Worrell W.L. and Hladik J. , Chapter 17 , Vol 1 in Physics of Electrolytes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... articles and book chapters on the subject since that time have drawn heavily on his work. In reactive evaporation, a partial pressure of reactive gas is used to deposit compounds of the vaporized material by the reaction of deposited atoms with ambient gases. Reactive evaporation was first reported...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and by improving oxygen control during boiler startups. Acknowledgments The material presented here is abridged from “Water Chemistry, Water Treatment, and Corrosion,” chapter 43, Steam, Its Generation and Use , 41st ed., The Babcock &amp; Wilcox Company, Barberton, OH, 2004. References References 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., and Soldering , American Society for Metals , 1983 , p 692 – 704 • Rail, Chapter 4 , AREA Manual , American Railway Engineering Association , 1980 , p 4–2-6.7 to 4-2-7 • Welding Handbook , 8th ed. , Vol 2 , Welding Processes , American Welding Society , 1991 , p 892 – 900 ...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-8 in Ref 4 ; Table I.1 in Ref 23 ; Appendix, chapter 10 in Ref 24 ; Tables 2.4–2.8 in Ref 25 ; Table 1 in Ref 26 ; and Table 13 in Ref 27 Metallic Systems Nonferrous martensite in metal alloys has been studied extensively. In metallic systems, nonferrous martensite generally occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... bath. (b) An oil bath can be used only at the lower temperatures. References References 1. Totten G.E. , Garsombke G.R. , Pye D. and Reynoldson R.W. , ‘Chapter 6 – Heat Treating Equipment' , Steel Treatment Handbook , Eds Totten G.E. and Howes M.A.H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ), 1983 , p 135 ; also in VLSI Technology , Sze S. , Ed., McGraw-Hill , 1983 , Chapter 3 10. Rand M. , in J. Vac. Sci. Technol. , Vol 16 , 1979 , p 420 10.1116/1.569965 11. Reif R. , in Handbook of Plasma Processing Technology , Rossnagel S. , Cuomo J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... in a process or facility; NFPA 652-16, Chapter 7.) It is the reader’s responsibility to consult qualified health, safety, environmental, fire protection engineering, and building construction experts to evaluate the effectiveness and suitability of any safety evaluations and prevention/protection measures...
Book Chapter

By Walter W. Gruss
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
.... and Moskowitz D. , U.S. Patent 2,967,349 , June 1959 4. Heuer A.H. , Sears J.S. , and Zalucec N.J. , Analytical Electron Microscopy of Phase Separated Ti/Mo Cemented Carbides and Carbonitrides , chapter 4 in Institute of Physics Conference Series No. 75 , Adam Hilger , 1986...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., only a brief overview of the illumination light paths and techniques is described in this chapter ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ). Also, very helpful website references are available ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ). The information in this chapter is designed so that a microscopy technique can...