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channel diameters

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... characteristics to be considered in the processing steps: venting, channel diameters, binder segregation, binder degradation, feedstock supply, temperature control, demolding, debinding, and sintering. Finally, the article provides information on powder injection molding mold-filling simulation and two-component...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Fig. 1 Magnetic circuit in a single turn coil with magnetic flux concentrator heating cylindrical part from the outside: Φ = total. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 13 Schematic of channel-type induction melting furnace. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 16 Comparison of power density in the melt...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... head  Channel diameter  Casting temperature  Inclusion content castability fluidity hot tearing modeling ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005891
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... multi-turn solenoid coil. Courtesy of Inductoheat, Inc. Fig. 3 Multiple bar ends can be heated in a multi-turn oval or rectangular solenoid coil. Courtesy of Inductoheat, Inc. Fig. 4 A channel-type inductor (also called a slot or skid coil) for heating bar ends. Courtesy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of the volume of the various signals produced in iron by a 20-keV electron beam Signal Approximate volume dimensions Diameter Depth X-ray ≈1 μm ≈1 μm Backscattered electrons { inelastic (Type 3) energy loss (Type 2) elastic (Type 1) ≈0.8 μm ≈ d B ≈ d B ≈0.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... mm (1 1 4 in.) in diameter, and 1.6 mm ( 1 16 in.) for bar diameters up to 63 mm (2 1 2 in.). Channel iron and I-sections are difficult to shear without distortion, mainly due to the mill tolerance that allows their width to vary, depending on size, by as much as 5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... should have a length-diameter ratio of 24-to-1 to 32-to-1, which allows a large area for heat transfer and plastication. A constant-pitch, decreasing channel depth, metering PE screw or constant-pitch, constant channel depth, metering polyamide (PA) screw with a compression ratio between 3-to-1 and 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Approximate volume dimensions Diameter Depth X-ray ~1.3 μm ~1 μm Backscattered electrons (BE) Elastic (BE 1) ~ d s … Inelastic (BE 2) ~0.8 μm ~0.5 μm Low loss (BE 3) ~ d s … Secondary electrons ~1.2 d s ~10 nm Comparison of electron source properties Table 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., and suggested positions for preplacement of the brazing filler-metal preforms. Courtesy of Lepel Corporation Fig. 2 Example of an inside diameter heat treating coil with quench follower. Flux concentrators and a machined profile on the current-carrying face control the shape of the hardened area...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... section. Holes 3.2 mm ( 1 8 in.) in diameter were made in both sides of the angle section and in the channel section. Heat treatment consisted of suspending the workpiece by the angle end in a salt bath at 845 °C (1550 °F), quenching in salt at 245 °C (470 °F), and air cooling. After being heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005895
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... and power ratings of channel induction furnaces Table 2 Typical capacities and power ratings of channel induction furnaces Melt material Capacity, tons Power, MW Frequency, Hz Cast iron 10–135 0.1–3 50–60 Aluminum, Al alloys 5–70 0.1–6 50–60 Copper, Cu alloys 4–160 0.5–10 50...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Selection of copper tubing for induction coils Table 1 Selection of copper tubing for induction coils Frequency Theoretical wall thickness (= 2 × reference depth) (a) Typical wall thickness available Minimum tube diameter (b) mm in. mm in. mm in. 60 Hz 16.8 0.662 14.0...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...Typical results of electron beam drilling Table 1 Typical results of electron beam drilling Work material Thickness Hole diameter Total number of holes Cycle time, min mm in. mm in. Cobalt alloy steel (mixer disk) 1.6 0.063 0.9 0.035 2,340 30 CrNiCoMo W steel...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... millimeters in diameter and have a pacing of, at most, a few centimeters. Later, the channels are filled with dendrite fragments, which are then observed as frecklelike chains of equiaxed crystals in the otherwise single-crystal columnar structure ( Fig. 10 ). The resulting positive macrosegregation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... the advantages of specialized cupolas such as cokeless cupola and plasma-fired cupola. Melting in iron foundries is a major application of induction furnaces. The article describes the operations of two induction furnaces: the channel induction furnace and the induction crucible furnace. It explains the teapot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Combination mat 4–8 Cores and flow layers Contoured balsa (25 mm, or 1 in.) 3 Flow layer grid 10 Flow layer braiding 50 Tubes Internal diameter 5 mm (0.2 in.) 800 Internal diameter 10 mm (0.4 in.) 3000 Internal diameter 25 mm (1 in.) 20,000 Common range of fiber volume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... vibration masses, modern casting masses with low water contents are increasingly deployed. They are characterized by excellent refractory properties, high density with low porosity and small pore diameters, high thermal strength, and ease of application. Depending on the application, the channel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... for chloride SCC. Fig. 630 : Crack on painted side of tube. Angle reveals influence of torsional stresses. Fig. 631 : Stress-corrosion cracks extending from the outside diameter of the tube (at top) toward its inner diameter. 10% oxalic acid electrolytic etch; 28×. Fig. 632 : Fractured tube. Branching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... ) 25 μm thick, 100 μm wide 10 cm 20.3 Extruded solder 25 μm thick, 100 μm wide 10 cm 2.86 40-gage copper wire 80 μm diameter 10 cm 0.33 36-gage copper wire 120 μm diameter 10 cm 0.15 32-gage copper wire 200 μm diameter 10 cm 0.05 Laser direct structuring bulk copper 37 μm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
.... For a more rigorous approach during the cooling stage, some researchers have included more than two different mold materials with flow analysis that includes the cooling channel details. This enables corresponding heat-transfer analysis with any special cooling elements, such as baffles, fountains, thermal...