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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., such as lost foam and investment casting. It discusses the Replicast casting process that involves patternmaking with polystyrene and a ceramic shell mold. The article contains a table that summarizes the differences in the steps of casting a part between the permanent pattern and expendable pattern methods...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the pattern materials used in investment casting, which can be loosely grouped into waxes and plastics. The patternmaking process, pattern tooling, and pattern and cluster assembly are described. The article also describes the manufacture of ceramic shell...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... for expendable molds, namely, ceramic shells and rammed graphite, for casting reactive metals such as titanium or zirconium. ceramic shells coremaking green sand operations titanium zirconium clay resin-bonded sand systems no-bake binder systems heat-cured binder systems cold box binder systems...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is available from investment casting. Other advantages include: Air emissions are easier to control than with lost foam. The application of a vacuum during casting allows improved fill-out of the mold. The support provided by the ceramic shell during casting allows large, thin shells to be easily...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... defects ceramic shells investment casting melting pattern making Investment casting has been used for centuries and is also known as the lost wax process. It is used today to produce near net shape, complex thin-walled castings with smooth surfaces in a reliable and repeatable manner. Small parts...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... binders, or organic resins Shell molding of sand with a thin resin-bonded shell that is baked No-bond vacuum molding of sand Plaster-mold casting Ceramic-mold casting Rammed graphite molding Magnetic (no-bond) molding of ferrous shot inorganic binders casting magnetic molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Microstructures of tool steel (a) cast and (b) spray-formed Fig. 9 The RCC process flow. (1) Wax pattern. (2) Shell is built on the wax pattern by dipping in ceramic slurries. (3) The wax is then melted off, leaving a ceramic container. (4) The ceramic shell is filled with metal powder and placed...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... for the remelting of alloy prior to casting. Of necessity, the casting mold systems must be relatively inert to molten titanium. Proprietary lost wax ceramic shell systems were developed by the various foundries engaged in titanium casting. Usually, the face coats of the ceramic shells are made...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Magnetic molding Vacuum molding Expendable mold processes/Expendable patterns Foamed patterns Evaporative foam casting Replicast process Wax patterns (investment casting) Ethyl silicate bonded block molds Ethyl silicate bonded ceramic shell molds Colloidal silica bond...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... construction material used in SLA is not directly amenable to investment casting because of thermal expansion of the polymer during the baking of the ceramic shell. To solve this problem, the pattern can be built as a thin-shelled honeycomb structure that will burn out without breaking the ceramic mold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Iron Engine Blocks Produced by the Lost Foam Casting Process , Trans. Am. Foundry Soc. , Vol 117 , 2009 , p 889 – 881 55. Ashton M.C. , Sharman S.G. , and Brookes A.J. , The Replicast (Full Mold) and CS (Ceramic Shell) Process , Trans. Am. Foundry Soc. , Vol 92 , 1984 , p...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., the zircon slurries are comparable in composition to those used in ceramic shell investment molding. Like investment molds, ceramic molds are expendable. However, unlike the monolithic molds obtained in investment molding, ceramic molds consist of a cope and a drag or, if the casting shape permits, a drag...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... sacrificial patterns for lost wax (i.e., investment casting) applications. In the lost-wax casting process, a printed wax pattern is first covered in a ceramic slurry. Once dried, the resulting part is placed into a furnace to sinter the ceramic shell and melt the wax pattern. The resulting hollow ceramic...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... with a thin resin-bonded shell that is baked No-bond vacuum molding of sand, where molding media is held together with a vacuum source Plaster-mold casting Ceramic-mold casting Rammed graphite molding Magnetic or no-bond molding of ferrous shot Green sand molding is perhaps the most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... to burn them out without fracturing the ceramic shell. While technically not a vat polymerization process, the Israeli company Cubital Ltd. developed and commercialized solid ground curing in 1986, with the first shipments in 1991. Photopolymer was spread using a dispenser and was cured using a mask...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... into which the wax pattern was placed. More recently, a thinner shell coating is used for the mold. The ceramic mold is heated and the melted wax removed from the mold. The mold is heated further to cure the ceramic shell and to burn off any residue of the wax left inside the mold cavity. Liquid metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... The adaptation of this method to titanium casting technology required the development of ceramic slurry materials that had minimum reaction with the extremely reactive molten titanium. Refractory Oxide Shell Systems Other Refractory Shell Systems In addition to the rammed graphite and investment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Performance benefits of ceramic and ceramic hybrid bearings Table 10 Performance benefits of ceramic and ceramic hybrid bearings Property/behavior Benefit/advantage over steel Wear life Up to 10× greater (nongalling) Fatigue life 3× to 10× greater, M50 Speed (DN) 50% greater (low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The article gives a detailed account of production, properties and application of fiberglass, optical fibers, glass spheres and ceramic glasses, and describes the forms, classification, compositions and properties of glass/metal and glass-ceramic/metal seals. fiberglass forming glass melting glass...