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ceramic implants

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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 1 Relative rates of bioreactivity for ceramic implant materials. A, 45S5 Bioglass; B, KGS Ceravital (46SiO 2 -5Na 2 O-33CaO-16Ca(PO 3 ) 2 ); C, 55S4.3 Bioglass (55SiO 2 -19.5Na 2 -19.5CaO-6P 2 O 5 ); D, Cerabone A-W glass ceramic (GC); E, hydroxylapatite (HA); F, KGX Ceravital; G, Al 2 O More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... Abstract One of the most frequently cited advantages of ceramics in dentistry relates to aesthetics, and the same applies for dental implants. Zirconia has emerged as the material of choice for nonmetal implants. This article introduces the reader to zirconia as an implant material, its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ) and later in dental applications, also in the 1960s ( Ref 6 ). Subsequent research into bioinert ceramics included experiments on porous alumina ( Ref 7 ) and the development of alumina-on-alumina hip implants ( Ref 8 ). By 1969, Larry Hench and co-workers had developed Bioglass, a bioactive glass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... crystalline ceramics, porous ceramics, calcium phosphate ceramics, and bioactive glasses. The article discusses the compositions of ceramics and carbon-base implant materials, and examines their differences in processing and structure. It describes the chemical and microstructural basis for their differences...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applications of metallic biomaterials. A table compares the mechanical properties of some common implant materials with those of bone. The article also provides information on coatings, ceramics, polymers, composites, cements, and adhesives, especially where they interact with metallic materials. basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of various implants, such as metallic, ceramic, and polymeric implants. The article...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and valve components, rolling elements and bearings, paper and wire manufacturing, biomedical implants, heat exchangers, adiabatic diesel engines, advanced gas turbines, and aerospace applications. advanced ceramics aerospace applications mineral processing equipment structural applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Graphical comparison of wear debris generated from different types of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) demonstrating that there is less debris generated by metal-on-metal implants than by metal-on-polymer articulation. UHMWPE, ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene. Sources: Metal-polymer, Ref 9 ; ceramic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... components ( Ref 18 ). Careful design and manufacture can undoubtedly lead to very low wear rates, but there is still some concern regarding the relatively high friction and the deleterious effects of metallic wear particles. Ceramics High-purity aluminum oxide is potentially an attractive implant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides a summary of the biocompatibility or biological response of metals, ceramics, and polymers used in medical implants, along with their clinical issues. The polymers include ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, nonresorbable polymer, and resorbable polymers...
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 2 Graphical comparison of data showing the relative size (diameters) of implant debris particles generated from the different kinds of bearing surfaces of total hip arthroplasties (THAs). UHMWPE, ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene. Sources: Metal-polymer, Ref 9 ; ceramic-polymer More
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 3 Graphical comparison of wear debris generated from different types of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) demonstrating that there is less debris generated by metal-on-metal implants than by metal-on-polymer articulation. UHMWPE, ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene. Sources: Metal More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., that is, metal-plastic, ceramic-ceramic, or ceramic-plastic ( Ref 24 ). The most common reasons for failure in hip implants are osteolysis and wear, resulting in loosening of the implants. In addition to failure, the wear particles generated and the probability of postsurgery complications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.... , and Smith B.J. , Ceramic Coated Orthopedic Implants and Method of Making such Implants , U.S. Patent 2011/0066253 18. Dearnley P.A. , A Review of Metallic, Ceramic, and Surface-Treated Metals Used for Bearing Surfaces in Human Joint Replacements , Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part H: J. Eng...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... information on the applicable methods for surface engineering of cutting tools, namely, chemical vapor deposited (CVD) coatings, physical vapor deposited coatings, plasma-assisted CVD coatings, diamond coatings, and ion implantation. builtup edge carbides ceramics cermets chemical vapor deposited...
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 5 Schematic of the interface of a passivating alloy surface in contact with a biological environment, showing the protective (ceramic) oxide layer that forms over all metal implant surfaces and the biofilm layer of serum/plasma proteins that adsorbs onto the surface of the material More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... , 2 ). In addition to metals, polymers and ceramics have been studied with the principal aims of increasing the conductivity of polymers ( Ref 3 ) and improving the fracture toughness and tribological properties of ceramics ( Ref 4 ). On a commercial scale, the applications for ion implantation...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or compounds. Aqueous corrosion catalysis Steels > 1017ions/cm2 layer Disadvantages of the process include shallow Ti alloys, steels penetration depths (on the order of a few hundred Oxidation Ceramics: A1203, N, C Implantation effective for surface initiated angstroms) and relatively high capital and operat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006859
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
...), and ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene Anatomical models, drug-delivery devices, tissue engineering scaffolds, orthotic devices, prosthetic implants Ceramics Hydroxyapatite (HA); ceramics: calcium silicate (CS, Ca, SiO 3 ), calcium phosphate (CaP), beta-tricalcium phosphate (╬▓-TCP); glass-ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... A discussion on natural materials, nanomaterials, and stem cells is also provided. The article concludes with examples of biomaterials applications, such as endovascular devices, knee implants, and neurostimulation. biocompatibility biomaterials cardiac pacemakers cardiovascular applications ceramics...