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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the production methods, properties, and applications of two main types of commercially available continuous-length ceramic fibers, namely, oxide fibers based on the alumina-silica system and on alpha-alumina, and nonoxide fibers based primarily on beta-phase...
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Published: 01 November 1995
Fig. 8 Comparison of thermal conductivities of ceramic fibers with those of other materials More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 6 Elevator-type furnace with ceramic-fiber lining. Courtesy of Ajeon Heating Industrial Co. More
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Published: 01 November 1995
Fig. 1 Stress-strain behavior of reinforced and unreinforced ceramics. Fiber reinforcement of ceramic composites avoids the brittle catastrophic fracture characteristic of monolithic materials. However, the matrix cracking stress of reinforced ceramics is generally lower than the fracture More
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Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 17 Stress-strain behavior of reinforced and unreinforced ceramics. Fiber reinforcement of CMCs avoids the brittle catastrophic fracture characteristic of monolithic materials. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Reinforcing fibers are a key component of polymer-matrix composites (PMCs), ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs), and metal-matrix composites (MMCs). This article discusses the mechanical and nonmechanical properties of these composites. It presents an overview of PMC, CMC, and MMC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... tensile modulus, low coefficient of thermal expansion, and low density. The four general classes of fibers are discussed in the sections that follow. Aluminum Oxide Fibers Today the most common approach for producing polycrystalline tow-based ceramic fibers is by spinning and heat treating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract One of the key attributes of continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic composites (CFCCs) is their ability to undergo inelastic straining upon mechanical loading. This article reviews the mechanics of inelastic deformation and fracture of CFCCs, as needed for the development of damage...
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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 16 Schematic load-deflection curve for a fiber-reinforced ceramic-ceramic composite. The increase in elastic modulus (initial slope) is imparted by the high-modulus fiber. An increase in strength occurs to the start of matrix cracking. The ultimate strength is significantly greater than More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 17 Examples of SEM studies on materials microstructures. (a) Fracture surface of a ceramic-fiber-strengthened aluminum-matrix composite. From the measured distribution of relative heights of fiber fractures and known strength distribution along the fibers, the fracture probability More
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Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 1 Estimated 1000 h upper-use temperatures for small- and large-diameter ceramic fibers based on the fracture of single fibers measured at 500 MPa (70 ksi) in air at 25 mm (1 in.) gage length More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and latitude in structural design. The most commonly used constituent materials include fibers of glass, carbon, and aramid, followed by various high-temperature ceramics. In addition, a host of polymeric resins are used, as well as metallic alloys and even ceramics. However, the constituent materials continue...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... summarizes the properties of various ceramic reinforcements and industrial applications of these composites. ceramic reinforcements ceramic-matrix composites composite processing composite testing methods continuous-fiber-reinforced composites discontinuously reinforced composites high...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article addresses the types, properties, forms, and applications of fibers that are available for use in fiber-reinforced polymeric matrix composites, including glass, graphite, carbon, aramid, boron, silicon carbide, ceramic, continuous oxide and discontinuous oxide fibers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Interpretation of failures of ceramic-matrix composites, and in particular continuous fiber reinforced ceramic-matrix composites is complicated by the complex structure of the composite material. This article describes the failure characteristics and evidence of failure mechanisms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article discusses the mechanisms for enhancing the reliability of three types of ceramic-matrix composites: discontinuously reinforced ceramic-matrix composites, continuous fiber ceramic composites, and carbon-carbon composites. It also presents examples of their mechanical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Traditional ceramics, one of two general classes, are commonly used in high-volume manufacturing to make building materials, household products, and various industrial goods. Although there is a tendency to equate traditional ceramics with low technology, sophisticated processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... infiltration polymer infiltration polymer pyrolysis sol-gel process FIBER-REINFORCED CERAMIC-MATRIX COMPOSITES (CMCs) have received a great deal of interest since the 1980s for their potential as high-temperature structural materials. This new class of composites has been the subject of many research...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... processing offers a near-net-shape manufacturing capability, which is economically attractive. Developers have explored various liquid metal techniques that use multifilament yarns, chopped fibers, or particulates as the reinforcement. A castable ceramic/aluminum MMC is now commercially available ( Ref 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... This article provides examples for these four categories, with an emphasis on those applications/materials that have achieved commercial viability. The applications for continuous fiber ceramic composites are also summarized. aerospace and military applications continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix...