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centrifugal casting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... casting with molten aluminum fed by gravity, low pressure, vacuum and centrifugal pressure, and squeeze casting. It discusses the major variables that affect the life of permanent molds, including pouring temperature, casting shape, cooling methods, heating cycles, storage, and cleaning. The article...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article describes the applications, advantages, and disadvantages of three centrifugal casting processes as well as the equipment used. The processes include true centrifugal casting (horizontal, vertical, or inclined) semicentrifugal (centrifugal mold) casting, and centrifuge...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Horizontal centrifugal casting is used to cast parts having an axis of revolution. This article discusses the operations of various horizontal casting machines, such as flanged shaft machine, horizontal roller-type machine, and double-face plate machine. It describes the types of molds...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Vertical centrifugal casting machines, installed below the ground level for maximum operator safety, are used for producing bushings and castings that are relatively large in diameter and short in length. This article discusses the mold design for different types of sand molds and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., countergravity pressure vacuum process, supported shell technique, loose sand vacuum process, and countergravity centrifugal casting process. countergravity centrifugal casting low-pressure countergravity casting mold filling countergravity low-pressure vacuum process vacuum process THE METHOD of...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., shell mold casting, plaster casting, investment casting, permanent mold casting, squeeze casting, semisolid forming, centrifugal casting, and pressure die casting. The article presents several different factors on which the selection of a casting process depends. It discusses gating and risering...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., and vacuum induction melting, and various casting processes, such as rammed graphite casting, static and centrifugal casting, and investment casting. It explains the evaluation and testing of the process. The article provides information on the mechanical and chemical properties of zirconium castings...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... invents the first metalclad cupola furnace, using a steam engine to provide the air blast. 1797—First cast plow in the United States is invented by Charles Newbold of Sauk, N.J. 1800s 1809—Centrifugal casting is developed by A.G. Eckhardt of Soho, England. 1815—The cupola furnace is...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... NA Small to medium Outstanding  Replicast All 1 NA Medium to large … Centrifugal casting  Metal mold Nonferrous 3 Yes Small to medium …  Sand mold All 2 Yes Small to medium … Permanent mold and semipermanent mold  Gravity   Static top pour Nonferrous and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... dictate the basic features of the cluster design (see, for example, the article “Centrifugal Casting” in this Volume). The critical aspects of cluster design are gating and risering. Basic concepts of risering borrowed from sand casting, such as progressive solidification toward the riser, Chvorinov's...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... method if only a few castings are made (die casting is more economical above ∼50,000 units). Virtually all copper alloys can be cast successfully by the centrifugal casting process. Castings of almost every size from less than 100 g to more than 22,000 kg (<0.25 to <50,000 lb) have been made...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... tool design for investment casting. The wax pattern and resultant casting are made slightly oversized, and final dimensions are achieved by careful chemical milling. Metal pouring temperature, mold temperature, casting force (if centrifugally cast), and thermal conductivity of the metal and the mold...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... ( Ref 10 ) or a high-intensity ultrasonic device ( Ref 11 , 12 ). This action disperses the reinforcing phase throughout the melt. The melt-particle slurry can be cast either by conventional foundry techniques, such as gravity, pressure die, or centrifugal casting, or by novel techniques such as...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... are produced by hot chamber die casting. Other methods include sand casting, permanent mold casting, plaster casting, spin casting (silicone rubber molds), investment (lost wax) casting, squeeze casting, continuous or semicontinuous casting, and centrifugal casting. Zinc alloy castings have also been...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... … Expendable mold with expendable patterns  Lost foam Aluminum 3 NA Medium to large …  Investment All 2 NA Small to medium Outstanding  Replicast All 1 NA Medium to large … Centrifugal casting  Metal mold Nonferrous 3 Yes Small to medium …  Sand mold All 2...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...%), typically to produce carbon steel railroad wheels in graphite molds Small amounts of cast steel are also produced by investment casting (3%), centrifugal casting (3%), and lost foam (0.4%). This article describes steel solidification characteristics, melting practices, melt treatment, and feeding of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses different forms of ingot and explains molten-metal processing. It describes ingot casting processes, namely, open-mold casting and direct chill (DC) process. The process variations and solidification in the DC process are summarized. The article describes...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... obtained: Casting information Identification of component (name and part number) Material composition (alloy grade) Applicable specifications and drawings (casting and machining) Casting manufacturing process (sand, permanent mold, die casting, investment, centrifugal) Number of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... temperature surface finish casting design mold life mold temperature control THE PERMANENT MOLD CASTING PROCESS involves the production of castings by pouring molten metal into permanent metal molds using gravity, low pressure, vacuum, or centrifugal pressure. Simple reusable cores are usually made of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract In high-iron-tonnage operations, the cupola remains the most efficient source of continuous high volumes of iron needed to satisfy high production foundries or the multiple casting machines of centrifugal pipe producers. This article explores successful improvement technologies in...