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cementitious environment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article discusses the generic situation of steel reacting with the environments found in structures. Two environments are specifically discussed: atmospheric and cementitious. The article describes the utility of different corrosion protection methods for atmospheric corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and mechanical damage due to the fact that zinc is anodic to steel in most environments. Cementitious Linings Linings based on cement are used as sprayable linings, as centrifugally cast linings for water pipe interiors, and to add weight to submersed pipelines. For corrosion protection purposes, the high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... process is another major distinction that makes the CC process significantly faster than conventional concrete construction. The invention of CC led to the fast-growing field of C3DP around the world. Similar large-scale 3D printing systems were developed based on the extrusion of cementitious materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Portland cement concrete has low environmental impact, versatility, durability, and economy, which make it the most abundant construction material in the world. This article details the types and causes of concrete degradation. Concrete can be degraded by corrosion of reinforcing steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... “Environmental Performance of Concrete” in ASM Handbook, Vol 13B discusses the advantages of using fly ash as a cementitious material. In the United States in 2000, approximately one-third of the more than 100 million tons of coal combustion products were recycled ( Ref 3 ). In order to meet specifications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... corrosion control corrosion prevention corrosion testing corrosion-related failures environmental-related failures metals nonmetals CORROSION is the deterioration of a material by a reaction of that material with its environment. A study by NACE International in 2016 examined nine world economic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... selection presented here also pertain to industrial wastewater treatment facilities. Industrial wastewater pretreatment as driven by environmental regulations is discussed. These regulations, which primarily mandate pH control and the removal of heavy metals by industrial wastewater contributors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... on nuclides to model corrosion of iron components and soluble species in concrete. A study of corrosion of metal canisters in a cementitious environment (high pH) using CHEQMATE and PHREEQE was done ( Ref 19 ). The programs EQ3NR and PHREEQE were used to model the solubilities of actinide corrosion products...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Pipelines” in this Volume). Figure 1 shows the marine environments that are destructive to shipboard coatings. Similar environments are found on offshore oil production platforms ( Fig. 2 ), lighthouses, docks, and other marine structures. Fig. 1 Environments that are destructive to shipboard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... structures requires integral lead abatement to provide protection to both the surrounding environment and the workers. Globally, there are over a half-million steel bridges, so the scale of maintenance painting is clearly enormous ( Ref 14 ). Environmental considerations carry over to today's (2006...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... application at quite high temperatures in many oxidizing and reducing environments. Ceramics are usually thermal and electrical insulators, but unlike metals these properties can often be varied independently with composition and microstructure control. Materials such as aluminum nitride and beryllia can show...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... steel is required to resist an aggressive environment. The highly protective chromium oxide film that gives stainless steel its corrosion resistance is tenacious, durable, and self-healing in the presence of oxygen; however, this film can be damaged during fabrication and by cleanup practices after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... 5.6 Management Review Section 6: Resource Management 6.1 Provision of Resources 6.2 Human Resources 6.3 Infrastructure 6.4 Work Environment Section 7: Service Realization 7.1 Planning of Product Realization 7.2 Client-Related Processes 7.3 Design and Development...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... be noted. First, the focus here is largely on liquid-applied organic coatings, although anchored thermoplastic linings, cured-in-place pipe linings, tape coatings, and cementitious mortar linings are mentioned. Secondly, generic coating types are listed herein because of their proven track record...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... the longevity of the coating, but it also affects the ability of the wall to achieve its intended purpose of providing effective environmental separation of a conditioned interior space from a dissimilar exterior climate. Coating systems and test methods are discussed, together with the deficiencies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... epoxies. It reviews the similarities between asphaltic and coal tar coatings and discusses the health and environmental concerns of these materials. alligatoring asphalt coal tar epoxy resins health and safety polymeric coating BITUMEN IS A GENERIC NAME applied to complex mixtures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... environments, use a variety of polymer chemistries and are constructed in a variety of methods and designs. This article provides a description of the service conditions for the polymeric flooring systems. It provides information on polymeric flooring systems, including thin-film coatings, self-leveling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in a laboratory environment and were not very conducive to coating/lining applications. Figure 1 is a graphical depiction of the melting points of various polymers for comparison. Fig. 1 Trend of crystalline melting points in homologous polymer chains The two-component polyurea elastomeric coating...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... environment. The emphasis on appearance has resulted in a wide variety of products of various colors, textures, and shapes. Brick raw materials will produce fired colors of white, buff, red, brown, and black. Coated brick extend the variety of available colors. Textures can range from smooth to sandy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... on structural variations in the starting diamine. Fig. 2 Michael addition reaction to form a polyaspartic ester The aspartic structural feature of the polyaspartic ester creates a sterically hindered environment around the reactive center ( Fig. 3 ), the secondary amine (-NH-) group. Because...