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cavity molds

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... (sand or manufactured ceramic) and binder. The aggregate-binder mix surrounds the pattern and is then compacted and bonded or mechanically held together, so that a mold cavity remains intact when the pattern is removed from the flask (or, in the case of a flaskless mold, produced in a chamber that is...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract A gating system is the conduit network through which liquid metal enters a mold and flows to fill the mold cavity, where the metal can then solidify to form the desired casting shape. This article discusses various desirable design considerations for the gating system. Proper design of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... In the United States, when metal is poured by gravity into metal molds, the process is called “permanent molding”; in the rest of the world, this process is known as “gravity die casting.” When high pressure is used to fill the mold cavity, the term used in the United States is “die casting...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Cores are separate shapes of sand that are placed in the mold to provide castings with contours, cavities, and passages that are not otherwise practical or physically obtainable by the mold. This article describes the basic principles of coremaking and the types of core sands, binders...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract In many castings, functional requirements dictate that walls be uniform or nearly uniform in thickness. Many problems in producing castings having walls of uniform thickness are associated with the premature freezing of molten metal before all parts of the mold cavity have been filled...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Shell molding is used for making production quantities of castings that range in weight from a few ounces to approximately 180 kg (400 lb), in both ferrous and nonferrous metals. This article lists the limitations or disadvantages of shell mold casting. It describes the two methods for...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... removed after the sand is bonded in a flask in cope-and-drag sections ( Fig. 1 ). Cores are separate shapes that are placed in the mold to provide castings with contours, cavities, and passages that are not practical or obtainable with molds. Patterns may be permanent (as is typical in sand casting) or...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... desirable extension of injection molding, based on the concept that large parts could be produced on molding equipment having a relatively low clamping force if pressure on the mold surfaces could be kept low. The mold cavity pressure developed during the structural-foam process is indeed low...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., which will produce cavities in the mold to accommodate extensions on either end of the core. These extensions fit solidly into the core prints to hold the core in place during pouring. The gate or passageway in the sand mold through which the molten metal will enter the mold cavity is usually mounted on...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-type mold for shallow-cavity castings. (b) Device with straight line retraction for deep-cavity molds There are numerous factors that must be considered when choosing a casting process. Therefore, the decision should be based on thorough engineering analysis and production cost studies for...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Cores are separate shapes, of sand, metal or plaster, that are placed in the mold to provide castings with contours, cavities, and passages. Cored holes should be designed as simply as the intended function of the casting permits. This article describes the designing of casting for the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the concepts involved in heat-transfer modeling, thermomechanical modeling, and microsegregation modeling of hot tearing. It discusses the modeling of solidification defects, namely, inclusion entrapment, segregation, shrinkage cavities, gas porosity, mold-wall...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... compressed air. After the cap has been secured in position, the air valve is opened. Air pressure against the molten metal ruptures the ceramic fiber diaphragm and forces the metal into the mold cavity. A pressure of 10 to 17 kPa (1.5 to 2.5 psi) is kept on the sprue for approximately 30 min. Fig. 7...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract The International Committee of Foundry Technical Associations has identified seven basic categories of casting defects: metallic projections, cavities, discontinuities, defective surfaces, incomplete casting, incorrect dimension, and inclusions or structural anomalies. This article...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to 2 ksi) for about 1 to 3 min to cure the material. Approximately 30 to 80% of the mold surface is covered by the SMC charge, and the material flows to fill the remaining cavity as the mold closes. Fiber utilization in compression molding materials is very versatile. Continuous, cut...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Difficult Excellent Excellent Fluidity is the ability of a molten alloy to completely fill a mold cavity in every detail. High fluidity often ensures good castability, but it is not the only parameter for castability. Fluidity is affected by various factors such as alloying, inclusions, and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... without restriction. The sand core is positioned in the core print cavities provided in the molds by the ends of the pattern (the core prints). Fig. 1 A simple casting that illustrates the principle of molding a pattern and withdrawing it from a sand mold For processes other than sand casting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... justifies their cost. The spray lay-up technique is faster than hand lay-up, but produces a less uniform product. It consists of feeding a stream of chopped fibers into a spray of liquid resin in a mold cavity. The direction of the fibers is random, as opposed to the mats or woven fabrics...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... In the continuous blow-molding process, single or multiple heads are used to produce one or more parisons at the same time. Single- or multiple-cavity molds are rotated or shuttled in place to receive the parisons that are being extruded at a uniform rate. Once the mold closes, it is moved out of the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... perspective in this age of computer–based engineering and perhaps an appreciation of the continuity in the basic principles of casting as both a science and a processing art. As one of the oldest manufacturing methods, casting involves pouring molten metal into a mold cavity that is configured to the...