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cavitation damage

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... points. 2. Cavitation increased with the increase of strain, strain rate, and grain size as well as the decrease of temperature. Caceres and Wilkinson 8 , 9 Ultrafine Coronze 638 (Cu-2.5%Al-1.8%Si-0.4%Co) Tensile 1. The damage process is essentially independent of the strain rate at regions I...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., internal damage in the form of voids often develops in many engineering alloys. High-temperature cavitation models developed initially for the prediction of creep life in limited-ductility materials with creep-resistant microstructures ( Ref 1 , Ref 2 , Ref 3 , Ref 4 , Ref 5 , Ref 6 ) were extended to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... illustrated. corrosion damage corrosion mechanisms corrosion of metals and alloys corrosion resistant material AS IS APPARENT from Volumes 13A and 13B of the ASM Handbooks, all materials will corrode given certain circumstances, conditions, and time. Although much is understood about the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Examination of a damaged component involves a chain of activities that, first and foremost, requires good observation and documentation. Following receipt and documentation, the features of damage can be recorded and their cause(s) investigated, as this article briefly describes, for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the significance of observations. This article discusses the processes involved in the characterization and identification of damage and damage mechanisms. It describes the relationships between damage causes, mechanisms, and modes with examples. In addition, some of the more prevalent and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... resistant to cavitation damage. Unalloyed titanium generally is immune to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) unless it has a high oxygen content (0.3% or more). For this reason, SCC is of little concern in the chemical-process industries, where unalloyed titanium is most commonly used. On the other hand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... causes surface damage. Some examples of erosive wear failures are given in the following sections on abrasive erosion, liquid impingement erosion, cavitation, and erosion-corrosion. Further discussion can be found in the articles “ Abrasive Wear Failures ,” “ Corrosive Wear Failures ,” and “ Liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., sluiceways, drainage conduits or culverts, and tunnel linings are particularly susceptible to abrasion erosion. As is the case with traffic wear, erosion damage in hydraulic structures can be reduced by using strong concrete with hard aggregates. Cavitation is damage caused by the formation and collapse of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... produced under tensile flow can be removed during subsequent compressive flow. In addition, it has also been demonstrated that the superposition of a hydrostatic pressure can reduce or eliminate cavitation ( Ref 39 ). Hot isostatic pressing can also heal the deformation damage of nucleated cavities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the collapse of air bubbles adjacent to the part surface (cavitation). The sequence of cleaning agents, in order of progressively greater potential to destroy evidence of how the damage occurred, is: Air Soft brush Water Soap and water Alcohol Acetone Detergent (Alconox...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Analysis of the failure of a metal structure or part usually requires identification of the type of failure. Failure can occur by one or more of several mechanisms, including surface damage (such as corrosion or wear), elastic or plastic distortion, and fracture. This leads to a wide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... surface with which it is in contact. The resultant stress and the surrounding corrosive medium lead to synergistic attack to the target surface. Examples of cavitation-corrosion damage include pumps and propellers as well as steam condensate pipe and cylinder liners. This mechanism is the wear of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... from a solid surface and produce cavitation damage. Pitting is often the first macroscopic damage, but spalling can eventually occur. Cavitation in spillways of dams often produces spalling of large pieces of concrete. The mechanisms in wear and erosion processes mostly involve the mechanics of the...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Wear is mechanically-induced surface damage that results in the progressive removal of material. Because different types of wear occur in machinery, many different types of wear tests have been developed to evaluate its effects on materials and surface treatments. This article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract The overarching goal of life-prediction research is to develop models for the various types of time dependencies in the crack-tip damage accumulation that occur in materials subjected to elevated temperatures. This article focuses on describing the models based on creep, oxidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Erosion of a solid surface can be brought about by liquid droplet impingement (LDI), which is defined as "progressive loss of original material from a solid surface due to continued exposure to erosion by liquid droplets." In this article, the emphasis is placed on the damage mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and insights on the most common forms of corrosion observed with titanium alloys, including general corrosion, crevice corrosion, anodic pitting, hydrogen damage, stress-corrosion cracking, galvanic corrosion, corrosion fatigue, and erosion-corrosion. It also provides practical strategies for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article explains the role of wear damage mechanisms in the design and selection of bearing materials, and its relationship with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... well, which creates smaller implosions. Another problem is that cavitation erosion, a common occurrence in ultrasonic cleaners, can wear through a thin-wall diaphragm. Once the diaphragm is penetrated, the solution will damage the transducers and wiring, leaving the unit useless and requiring major...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ( Table 3 ) have been used for the repair of the cavitation damage of hydraulic turbines in hydroelectric power plants. Table 3 Nominal compositions of austenitic stainless steel hardfacing alloys Alloy Composition, % C Cr Mn Si Ni Mo Co N Fe NOREM (a) 0.7–1.3 24–26 5–12...