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cavitating liquid jets

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... include rotating disks, vibratory devices, cavitating liquid jets, and high-speed cavitation tunnels. The article discusses materials selection and surface protection to prevent cavitation erosion. It reviews the fluid-structure interaction that plays a role in cavitation erosion particularly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to erosion. Cavitation is caused by the formation and collapse of vapor bubbles in a liquid near a metal surface. Impingement refers to damage caused by liquid jets, droplets, or solid particles impacting a solid surface. Mechanical damage to metal surfaces removes protective films. These films can...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... propellers, valves, heat-exchanger tubes, and other hydraulic structures in contact with high-velocity liquids subjected to pressure changes. This type of wear also has been observed in mechanical devices such as plain bearings, seals, and orifices in which fluid goes through severe restrictions. Cavitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... impacts or collisions between the surface being eroded and small, discrete liquid bodies. Excluded from this definition are erosion mechanisms due to the impingement of a continuous jet, due to the flow of a single-phase liquid over or against a surface, due to a cavitating flow (commonly referred...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are deformed in much the same way as they are under cavitation collapse, except that individual liquid-droplet impacts are usually more damaging than the impacts from cavitation collapse, owing to the larger size of the impacting liquid jets and the high-velocity lateral outflows from the impact sites...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... These include cavitation erosion, liquid impingement erosion, and solid particle erosion. Cavitation erosion is due to the formation and collapse, within a liquid, of cavities or bubbles that contain vapor or gas or both. Liquid impingement erosion is due to impacts by liquid drops or jets. Solid impingement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for Physical Acoustics, University of Mississippi Temperatures inside a caviting bubble can be extremely high, with pressures up to 500 atm. The implosion event, when it occurs near a hard surface, changes the bubble into a jet about one-tenth the bubble size, which travels at speeds up to 400 km/hr...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... erosion. Cavitation erosion is due to the formation and collapse, within a liquid, of cavities or bubbles that contain vapor or gas or both. Liquid impingement erosion is due to impacts by liquid drops or jets. Solid impingement erosion is due to impacts by solid particles. Impingement also connotes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... There are four distinct forms of erosive wear: Dry solid particle erosion Liquid droplet erosion Cavitation erosion Slurry erosion Dry Solid Particle Erosion Dry solid particle erosion (also referred to as blast erosion) is caused by repetitive impingement of solid particles against...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... into erosive wear and cavitation wear (or cavitation erosion). Erosive wear involves the cumulative effects of many particles striking a surface. These particles can be solids, liquid droplets (e.g., rain), collapsing bubbles, or solid-liquid mixtures called slurries. Electric sparks can also cause erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... dispersion of small solid (or liquid) particles entrained in a fluid jet, and it is from studies in this type of regime that most of the current understanding of erosion phenomena is derived. Strictly controlled laboratory studies of simplified systems or part processes in actual or simulated situations have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... However, SEM observation after the erosion test shows the growth of surface roughness by LDI. This may be caused by LDI and the effect of side jetting, which is an important role of LDI on the rough surface. It should be mentioned that cavitation may play an important role in erosion on the rough surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... of hard practice volume fraction and overall hardness. Erosive Wear Four distinct forms of erosive wear have been identified: Solid-particle erosion Liquid-droplet erosion Cavitation erosion Slurry erosion Solid-particle erosion is caused by the impingement of small, solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-Corrosion Cavitation-corrosion is another type of erosion-corrosion attack on a metal surface, caused by microjet impingement and via bubble collapse ( Ref 6 , 7 ). When a bubble (which can have both vapor and gas content) in a liquid collapses due to the change in pressure of the surrounding medium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... < 0.3; tribo-oxidative wear in dry conditions Abrasive wear by hard particles Fracture/deformation produced by hard, sharp particles or protuberances Solid-particle erosion Fracture/deformation from particle indents Cavitation erosion Fracture produced by impinging liquid jets Slurry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... The article summarizes the sieving methods for powders. The sieving methods include hand sieving, machine sieving, manual wet sieving, air jet sieving, sonic sifter, wet sieving by machine, the Seishin robot sifter, automated systems, and ultrasonic machine sieving. The article outlines the sieve types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... 0.06 3 9 0.3 0.8 0.08 N Ultimet is resistant to corrosion in many aggressive environments, exhibits good pitting and crevice corrosion resistance, and has excellent wear properties, particularly against slurry erosion, cavitation erosion, and galling. MP159 R30159 bal 19 … 7 … 9 25.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... ring vacuum pump Oil-sealed rotary vacuum pump Sliding vane rotary vacuum pump Rotary piston vacuum pump Rotary plunger vacuum pump Roots vacuum pump Kinetic vacuum pump Turbine vacuum pump Molecular drag pump Turbo-molecular pump Ejector vacuum pump Liquid jet vacuum pump...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... coatings. It discusses the wear testing methodologies that are standardized by ASTM, including the pin-on-disk, block-on-ring, dry sand/rubber wheel, erosion, metallographic apparatus abrasion, fretting wear, cavitation, reciprocating ball-on-flat, impact, and rolling contact fatigue test. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... opposite inlet. (b) Tube narrowing causes increased velocity and turbulent flow. Cavitation Corrosion Cavitation corrosion is a complex phenomenon involving mechanical damage from the pressure shock waves or jets, created by collapsing vapor bubbles in the coolant. The cavitation process begins...