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cathodic protection system

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... protection systems. These include the determination of cathodic protection current by the casing polarization and CPP tests or by mathematical models; calculation of casing-to-anode separation; isolation of the casing from other facilities; consideration of stray current interference from other dc power...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... include proper material selection, protective coatings, cathodic protection systems, use of inhibitors, use of nonmetallic materials, and control of the environment. The article reviews the aspects of corrosion that tend to be unique to corrosion as encountered in applications involving oil and gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 50–100 6×10 −6 1.3×10 −5 Platinum (wire or clad) 1080–5400 100–500 10 −5 2.2×10 −5 Graphite 10.8–43 1–4 0.23–0.45 0.5–1.0 Fe-14Si-4Cr 10.8–43 1–4 0.23–0.45 0.5–1.0 Design criteria for cathodic protection systems Table 4 Design criteria for cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Mildly corrosive >10,000 Negligible (very low levels of corrosion) Source: Ref 6 Cathodic protection system characteristics Table 3 Cathodic protection system characteristics   Galvanic (sacrificial) Impressed current External power required None Required Driving...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... common scenarios and sources of stray current along with ways to detect it and prevent the type of corrosion it can cause. accelerated corrosion cathodic protection system induced electrical current stray-current corrosion STRAY-CURRENT CORROSION is caused by an externally induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article presents a brief history and the uses of the anodic protection technique. It compares anodic and cathodic protection and describes the design considerations of the anodic protection system. The article discusses the specific requirements of equipment required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... + (reference) 0 Fe/Fe 2+ −0.44 Zn/Zn 2+ −0.76 Al/Al 3+ −1.66 Mg/Mg 2+ −2.36 More active or anodic Comparison between sacrificial- anode and impressed-current cathodic protection systems Table 2 Comparison between sacrificial- anode and impressed-current cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... coolant systems. The article provides an extensive amount of data as well as information on coatings, claddings, and cathodic protection methods; the effects of composition, microstructure, and surface treatments; and the compatibility of aluminum with food and various household and industrial chemicals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... water systems. corrosion preboiler corrosion protection cooling water cooling system open recirculating systems closed recirculating systems water-recirculating systems pH suspended solids dissolved salts scale deposition anodic inhibitors cathodic inhibitors pretreatment internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... design and cathodic protection systems, and certification programs for individuals and companies involved in industrial painting ISO: industrial painting surface preparation QA requirements SAE International: SAE Aerospace Material Specifications (AMS) and SAE J Series Ground Vehicle Standards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems,” Standard Recommended Practice No. RP0169-2002, NACE International , Houston, TX , 2002 8. “Cathodic Protection of Reinforcing Steel in Atmospherically Exposed Concrete Structures,” RP0290-90, NACE International , Houston, TX , 1990 , 11 pages 9...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... in conjunction with a traditional cathodic protection system, the use of these coatings also can reduce the cathodic current drainage, thus reducing the requirement for sacrificial anodes. For example, in seawater immersion service, bare steel has a current requirement of 120 mA/m 2 compared to 10 mA/m 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... One of the more important developments in the cathodic protection of structures is the use of anode systems that allow horizontal surfaces other than upward facing to be protected. The development of anode systems incorporating conductive polymers, conductive paints, and conductive concrete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... potential measurements on a buried or submerged structure, most often a pipeline. Close interval surveys are used to assess the performance and operation of cathodic protection systems. Additional benefits include identifying areas of inadequate CP or excessive polarization, locating medium-to-large defects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... an adverse effect of adding bare metal to the cathodic protection system. Personnel working with CP must be trained to measure ac voltages safely because they are continuously taking electrical measurements on pipelines but expecting low voltages. A safe practice is to take the ac voltage measurement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to the military. Fences Structural Steel Metal Roofing Doors and Windows Electrical/Mechanical Systems Fuel Transport and Storage Systems Chemical Process Equipment Protective Coatings and Linings Cathodic Protection Advanced (Corrosion-Resistant) Materials Selection and Design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... with a material suitable for use in immersed exposures. Figure 2 illustrates a sample of a submerged steel structural member that has lost the protection provided by the coating system. Due to the corrosive nature of the wastewater treatment process streams, cathodic protection can be an effective means...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... third-rail direct current electrically driven transit trains. It can also occur where water transmission piping crosses high-pressure gas or other transmission piping protected by impressed-current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems. Direct current wants to return to its source on the negative return...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ideal weather conditions. The costs associated with the evaluation, modifications, and cathodic protection of a water system typically represent less than 10% of the total cost to replace the buried infrastructure. These savings can be obtained through the implementation of a comprehensive corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Current (dc) Electrical Systems on Boats,” E-9, Standards and Recommended Practices for Small Craft , American Boat and Yacht Council , 1998 7. “Lightning Protection,” E-4, Standards and Recommended Practices for Small Craft , American Boat and Yacht Council , 1998 8. Dillon C.P...