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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Standard electromotive force series for selected metals Table 1 Standard electromotive force series for selected metals Metal-metal ion equilibrium (unit activity) Potential at 25 °C (77 °F), V Noble or cathodic (protected) Ag/Ag + +0.80 Cu/Cu 2+ +0.34 H 2 /H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 1 Example of radial current pickup or discharge from axial current. Refer to the text for a discussion of scenarios A, B, and C. Fig. 2 Example of axial current profile in casing without cathodic protection Fig. 3 Calculation of radial current profile from Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fig. 1 Resistor rectifier. The rectifier (R) circulates dc current through two parallel paths, the 0.004 Ω resistor bar and the ground path. I R is the current required to cathodically protect the pipes. The three individual pipes above ground entering the substation combine underground...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 50–100 6×10 −6 1.3×10 −5 Platinum (wire or clad) 1080–5400 100–500 10 −5 2.2×10 −5 Graphite 10.8–43 1–4 0.23–0.45 0.5–1.0 Fe-14Si-4Cr 10.8–43 1–4 0.23–0.45 0.5–1.0 Design criteria for cathodic protection systems Table 4 Design criteria for cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article presents a brief history and the uses of the anodic protection technique. It compares anodic and cathodic protection and describes the design considerations of the anodic protection system. The article discusses the specific requirements of equipment required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Mildly corrosive >10,000 Negligible (very low levels of corrosion) Source: Ref 6 Cathodic protection system characteristics Table 3 Cathodic protection system characteristics   Galvanic (sacrificial) Impressed current External power required None Required Driving...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... coolant systems. The article provides an extensive amount of data as well as information on coatings, claddings, and cathodic protection methods; the effects of composition, microstructure, and surface treatments; and the compatibility of aluminum with food and various household and industrial chemicals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... These include protective coatings and linings, cathodic protection, advanced materials selection and design, water treatment, equipment inspection and monitoring, and below-grade moisture mitigation. cathodic protection corrosion control corrosivity equipment inspection advanced materials selection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... include proper material selection, protective coatings, cathodic protection systems, use of inhibitors, use of nonmetallic materials, and control of the environment. The article reviews the aspects of corrosion that tend to be unique to corrosion as encountered in applications involving oil and gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in chemical, pharmaceutical, and other industries. Finally, the article presents a discussion on hydrogen embrittlement, the galvanic effects, and cathodic protection of tantalum and describes the corrosion resistance of different types of tantalum-base alloys. References References 1. Chelius J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article presents common conventions and definitions in corrosion, electrochemical cells, cathodic protection (CP), electricity, and oxidation. Evans diagrams for impressed current CP in neutral or basic environment and galvanic or sacrificial CP, in both neutral or basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract A close-interval survey (CIS) is a series of structure-to-electrolyte direct current potential measurements performed at regular intervals for assessing the level of cathodic protection (CP) on pipelines and other buried or submerged metallic structures. This article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion of marine- and land-based infrastructure is of major concern and its control forms an important objective. Thermal spray coatings (TSCs) are widely used for corrosion protection. This article focuses on two types of TSCs: cathodic or noble coatings and anodic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... common scenarios and sources of stray current along with ways to detect it and prevent the type of corrosion it can cause. accelerated corrosion cathodic protection system induced electrical current stray-current corrosion STRAY-CURRENT CORROSION is caused by an externally induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the corrosion rate. This type of protection is called sacrificial cathodic protection (SACP). The lowering of potential can also be accomplished by applying a direct electrical current from an external source. This is impressed-current cathodic protection (ICCP). An undesired consequence of excessive cathodic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... water systems. corrosion preboiler corrosion protection cooling water cooling system open recirculating systems closed recirculating systems water-recirculating systems pH suspended solids dissolved salts scale deposition anodic inhibitors cathodic inhibitors pretreatment internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... on Cathodically Protected Steel in Seawater , 6th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling , Athens, Greece , 1984 67. Dexter S.C. and Lin S.-H. , Mater. Perform. , Vol 30 ( No. 4 ), 1991 , p 16 68. de Mele M.F.L. , Influence of Cathodic Protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of protective coatings and supplemented by using cathodic protection. Sacrificial anodes are often chosen for offshore platforms because they are simple, rugged, and become effective immediately on platform launch. The primary corrosion protection for ship hulls is provided by coatings, augmented by cathodic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... , 2nd ed. , Metcalf & Eddy , 1979 2. Peabody A.W. , Peabody's Control of Pipeline Corrosion , 2nd ed. , NACE International , 2001 3. von Baeckmann W. , Schwenk W. , and Prinz W. , Handbook of Cathodic Corrosion—Protection Theory and Practice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... References 1. Flitton M.K.A. and Escalante E. , Simulated Service Testing in Soil , Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Vol 13A , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2003 , p 497 – 500 2. Schiff M.J. and McCollom B. , “Impressed Current Cathodic...