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cast stainless steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Cast stainless steels are usually specified on the basis of composition by using the alloy designation system established by the Alloy Casting Institute. This article discusses the corrosion behavior of heat-resistant alloys due to oxidation, sulfidation, and carburization. It...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Cast stainless steels are widely used for their corrosion resistance in aqueous media at or near room temperature and for service in hot gases and liquids at elevated temperatures. This article provides a comparison between cast and wrought stainless steels in terms of composition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the identification systems for various grades of wrought stainless steels, namely, the American Iron and Steel Institute numbering system, the Unified Numbering System, and proprietary designations. It elaborates on five major families of stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Porcelain enamels are glass coatings applied primarily to products or parts made of sheet steel, cast iron, and aluminum to improve appearance and to protect the metal surface. This article describes the types of porcelain enamels, and details enamel frits for these materials. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... (650 °F) Type of material Weight loss mg/cm 2 mg/in. 2 Cast carbon steel 3040 196 Cast steel, 2Ni-0.75Cr 2370 153 Seamless tubing, 5% Cr 1540 99.2 Cast steel, 5Cr-1W 950 61.5 Cast steel, 5Cr-0.5Mo 730 47 Cast steel, 12% Cr 6.4 100 Stainless steel. 18Cr-8Ni...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., namely mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching involved in the microstructural analysis of carbon and alloy steels, case hardening steels, cast iron, ferrous powder metallurgy alloys, wrought and cast stainless steels, tool materials, steel castings, iron-chromium-nickel heat-resistant casting alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... increases strength and hardness, as long as carbide formation does not occur (in cast iron) ( Ref 12 ). Vanadium is a strong carbide former and increases yield strength with a corresponding loss of ductility (in austenitic manganese steels). Vanadium carbonitrides are very stable ( Ref 13 ). The density...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are described in the Section “Stainless Steels” in this Handbook (see Table 1 in the article “Corrosion of Wrought Stainless Steels” ). Electropolishing is applicable to all stainless steel grades, hot or cold finished, cast or wrought. The amount of metal removed is subject to close control...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The nitrogen addition also increases the precipitation of austenite during casting and welding and prevents high ferrite content in rapidly cooled welds. Recommended annealing temperatures for duplex stainless steels are listed in Table 3 . Table 3 Recommended annealing temperatures for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to 140 with caution) 5–30 (a) This table is also applicable to the cast grades equivalent to the families of wrought materials listed. (b) Other heat treatments may be acceptable if proven by experience: see sections 5.2.1, A2.4, and A2.5 of ASTM A 380 for further information. (c...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... rougher surface) than classic cleavage facets. See also Fig. 629 . SEM, 6000× (R. Liu, N. Narita, C. Altstetter, H. Burnbaum, and N. Pugh, University of Illinois) In-service failure of a paper machine suction couch roll due to intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). The centrifugally cast...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... products (sheet, strip, and plate) can be produced from continuously cast slabs. The rolled product can be drawn, bent, extruded, or spun. Stainless steels can be further shaped by machining, and they can be joined by welding, brazing, soldering, and adhesive bonding. Stainless steels can also be used as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... hardened to high hardness levels, the more susceptible it is to thermal shock. The physical condition of the stainless steel must also be taken into consideration. Cast material (that is, ingot or continuous cast) are more susceptible to thermal shock than semiwrought or wrought product. Dies...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ruptures. Maximum temperature is lowest for types 309, 310, and 330. Adherence to maximum temperature limits is particularly important for ingot breakdown, where severe tearing along grain boundaries in the cast metal can occur if temperature is too high. Fig. 1 Typical forging temperature ranges...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Hadfield's austenitic manganese steel exhibits high toughness and ductility with high work-hardening capacity and, usually, good wear resistance. Beginning with an overview of the as-cast properties and composition of these class of steels, this article discusses the heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... precision castings can be used in some applications. The powder metallurgy process is also used in making tool steels. It provides, first, a more uniform carbide size and distribution in large sections and, second, special compositions that are difficult or impossible to produce in wrought or cast alloys...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steels and cast irons, the microstructural constituents have the names ferrite, pearlite, bainite, martensite, cementite, and austenite. The article presents four examples that have very different microstructures: the structural steel has a ferrite plus pearlite microstructure; the rail steel has a fully...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steels, and precision-cast tool steels. It describes the effects of surface treatments on the basic properties of tool steels, including hardness, resistance to wear, deformation, and toughness. The article provides information on fabrication characteristics of tool steels, including machinability...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the different classification and designation systems of wrought carbon steel and alloy steel product forms with total alloying element contents not exceeding 5″. It lists the quality descriptors, chemical compositions, cast or heat composition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... products—all grades Steel products 1992 1991 Tons (a) % Tons (a) % Ingots and steel for castings 215 0.3 244 0.3 Blooms, slabs, billets 2,255 2.7 2,305 2.9 Wire rods 4,511 5.5 4,366 5.5 Structural shapes (≥75 mm, or 3 in.) 5,081 6.2 5,245 6.7 Steel piling...