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cast iron classifications

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0009206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the classification schemes for cast irons and describes the characteristics of major categories, including gray iron, white iron, ductile iron, compacted graphite iron, mottled iron, malleable iron, and austempered ductile iron. It also discusses some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses criteria that can be used for the classification of cast iron: fracture aspect, graphite shape, microstructure of the matrix, commercial designation, and mechanical properties. It addresses the main factors of influence on the structure of cast iron...
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 1 Classification of molding and casting processes used in cast iron production More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Cast irons primarily are iron alloys that contain more than 2% carbon and from 1 to 3% silicon. This article provides a description of iron-iron carbide-silicon system; and discusses the classification, composition, and characteristics of cast irons, such as gray, ductile...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 54 Automated classification of real cast iron samples. (a, b) Light microscopy images of samples. (c, d) Color-coded classification results based on scheme given in Fig. 53 . See also Table 5 . More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 35 Automatic classification of shape of graphite precipitates in cast iron. Two different morphologies are given in (a) and (c). Each is categorized and quantified in (b) and (d), respectively, where the particle shades correspond to the bar chart. The full height of the image corresponds More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 8 Classification of special high-alloy cast irons. Source: Ref 8 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 5 Classification of binder systems used in cast iron production. FRC, free radical cure; PUCB, phenolic urethane cold box; PECB, Ester-cured phenolic cold box More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Cast iron can be described as an alloy of predominantly iron, carbon, and silicon. This article discusses the classification of cast irons, such as gray cast iron, white cast iron, malleable cast iron, ductile cast iron, and compacted graphite iron. It reviews the various...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... the pearlite content. Further, manganese reduces pearlite spacing and generally slows the heat treating process. Classes of Gray Iron A simple and convenient classification of the gray irons is found in ASTM specification A48/A48M ( Ref 1 ), which designates the castings in terms of the minimum tensile...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract The term cast iron designates a group of materials that contain more than one constituent in their microstructure due to excess carbon that result in unique characteristics such as the fracture appearance and graphite morphology. This article discusses the classification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract Cast irons have been widely used by engineers in applications that require low cost, excellent castability, good damping capacity, ease of machining, and wear resistance. This article discusses the classification of wear for cast irons: adhesive wear, abrasive wear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... molds. It presents the international classification of common casting defects in a tabular form. austenitic steels cast aluminum alloys cast iron casting casting defects casting design castings centrifugal casting corrosion-resistant castings discontinuities ductile iron gravity die...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Cast iron, which usually refers to an in situ composite of stable eutectic graphite in a steel matrix, includes the major classifications of gray iron, ductile iron, compacted graphite iron, malleable iron, and white iron. This article discusses melting, pouring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... of Gray Iron Castings” in this Volume). Classification of Gray Irons Gray irons are commonly classified by their minimum tensile strength. The chemical composition of gray iron is not commonly specified because it does not assure obtaining specific mechanical properties ( Ref 3 ). However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a brief review of the classification and characteristics of cast irons. It describes the processes used to clean iron castings, including mechanical cleaning and finishing and nonmechanical cleaning. The article discusses surface treatments used to extend...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... The common microstructural requirement of these standards typically is that a minimum of 80% of the graphite particles must be in the compacted (vermicular) form. Accordingly, as defined in the article “Classification and Basic Types of Cast Iron” in this Volume, more than 80% of the graphite particles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... to graphite form and size and has become widespread for use by both scientists and cast iron producers. ISO 945-1:2008 is part I of the actual standard aimed at graphite classification by visual analysis ( Ref 30 ). ISO 945-2:2011, the second part of the ISO standard, was recently introduced for graphite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract The appearance, morphology, and extent of the casting skin are the consequence of mold-metal interface interaction. This article discusses the classification of the mold-metal interaction based on severity: mild mold-metal interaction and severe mold-metal interaction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... by the microstructure of the steel matrix in combination with the shape, size, and distribution of the graphite nodules. The description and classification of microstructures is defined in the ASTM A247 and ISO 945 standards, as described in detail in the article “Classification and Basic Types of Cast Iron...