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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomaterials in surgical implant applications, such as orthopedic, cardiovascular surgery, and dentistry. It addresses the key issues related to simulation of the in vivo environment, service conditions, and data interpretation. Theses include frequency of dynamic loading, electrolyte chemistry, applicable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... engaged as an integral part of the device ecosystem. It discusses the various applications of biomaterials, including orthopedic, cardiovascular, ophthalmic, and dental applications. The article describes the four major categories of biomaterials, such as metals, polymers, glass and ceramics, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines some of the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of implants based on materials, such as metallic implants, ceramic implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article tabulates materials that are known to have been used in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices. The materials are grouped as metals, ceramics and glasses, and synthetic polymers in order. These tables were compiled from the Medical Materials Database which is a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... physiological changes. Despite the fact that failure of some implants is attributed to corrosive wear, the earlier focus had been mainly on articulating implants used in orthopaedics. In fact, implants ranging from cochlear implants, cardiovascular implants, dental implants, pacemakers, and lumbar disc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... electrodes in general, the development of a dense fibrous capsule (collagen) may impair this process and thus the device function. Compatibility with blood for cardiovascular devices is a major issue in biocompatibility. The two principal problems are those of initiating clots (coagulation) and hemolysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... part, by titanium-base alloys (because of their lower elastic modulus and high yield strength) and stainless steel, although even the latter is increasingly being displaced by titanium-base products. In cardiovascular surgery, cobalt-chromium alloys are used for making artificial heart valve components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Shetty R.H. and Ottersberg W.H. , Metals in Orthopaedic Surgery, Chapter 17 , Encylopedic Handbook of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Part B: Applications , Vol 1 , Wise D.L. , Trantolo D.J. , Altobelli D.E. , Yaszemski M.J. , Gresser J.D. , and Scwartz E.R...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... , June 1982 , p 470 – 478 • Niesz D.E. and Tennery V.J. , “Ceramics for Prosthetic Applications—Orthopedic, Dental and Cardiovascular,” MCIC-74-21, Metals and Ceramics Information Center Report , July 1974 • Noble P.C. , Special Materials for the Replacement of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Alloys of cobalt, titanium, and iron also have been used in cardiovascular applications such as heart valves, stents, and pacemakers. In spinal applications, metallic alloys are also used in significant quantities where adaptations and innovations from the fracture fixation field have evolved into a set...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... implants. Metal alloys have been used in orthopaedic applications in greatest amounts related to fracture fixation devices and total joint arthroplasties. Alloys of cobalt, titanium, and iron also have been used in cardiovascular applications such as heart valves, stents, and pacemakers. In spinal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... J.M. , Witvolet J. , Sedel L. , and Boritin P. , Biomechanical Compatibility and Design of Ceramic Implants for Orthopedic Surgery , Bioceramics: Material Characteristics versus In-Vivo Behavior , Vol 523 , Ducheyne P. and Lemons J. , Ed., Annals of NY Academy of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Biomedical devices are usually subjected to static or dynamic forces, such as in orthopedic and cardiovascular applications. For example, various artificial joint implants, fracture fixation devices, heart valves, and vascular stents are all subjected to significant repetitive loadings. On the other hand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of corrosion-induced hydrogen embrittlement is shown in Fig. 20 . In this case, corrosion occurred on a pair of 17-4 PH stainless steel (H 900 condition) scissors (pitting corrosion areas indicated by arrows), eventually resulting in hydrogen-embrittlement-induced fracture during surgery. The...