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cardiovascular medical devices

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article tabulates materials that are known to have been used in orthopaedic and/or cardiovascular medical devices. The materials are grouped as metals, ceramics and glasses, and synthetic polymers in order. These tables were compiled from the Medical Materials Database...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... includes coronary heart disease, heart attacks, stroke, hypertension (high blood pressure), heart failure, arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), valvular disease, and aortic aneurysms. Medical devices have made a large impact in treating cardiovascular disease and range from drug-eluting stents to treat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Fig. 1 Timeline of medical device milestones (top) and United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) medical device regulation (bottom) Fig. 2 So-called “three-legged stool” illustrating the contributions of device manufacturing/design, patient factors, and surgical factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of ions or molecules at the interface, for example, glucose sensor or electrodes in general, the development of a dense fibrous capsule (collagen) may impair this process and thus the device function. Compatibility with blood for cardiovascular devices is a major issue in biocompatibility. The two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of successful use in medical applications. Over the last 80 years, polymers have been used in numerous types of implantable and peripheral devices for a variety of medical applications, such as those addressing neurological, cardiovascular, ophthalmic, and reconstructive pathologies. They have also been found...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article outlines the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of various implants, such as metallic, ceramic, and polymeric implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-covered alloys BIOMATERIALS used in medical devices and prostheses are implanted into the human body to replace, repair, or restore the function of tissue. The term biomaterial includes synthetic materials such as metals (alloys), polymers, and ceramics as well as some natural materials including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... behavior of tribological pairs, namely, hip-wear simulation standards, knee-wear simulation standards, and spinal disc-wear simulation standards. friction wear medical implants prosthetic devices amphiarthosis joints diarthosis joints mechanical stability nonconstrained knee replacement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the specific aspects of nitinol that are of interest to medical device designers. It describes the physical metallurgy, physical properties, and tensile properties of the nitinol. The article discusses the factors influencing superelastic shape memory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... tests, and ion-leaching tests are also discussed. corrosion current density corrosion testing electrochemical corrosion testing electrochemical impedance measurement environment-assisted cracking tests fretting corrosion tests galvanic corrosion tests ion-leaching tests medical devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... steels, martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, precipitation-hardening stainless steels, and duplex stainless steels. It contains a table that lists common medical device applications for stainless steels. The article discusses the physical metallurgy and physical and mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... essential for a long time in the medical industry for eyeglasses, diagnostic instruments, chemical and laboratory ware, thermometers, tissue culture flasks, fiber optics, and so on. Insoluble porous glasses have been used as carriers for enzymes, antibodies, and antigens, offering the advantages...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the analysis of materials and mechanical- (or biomechanical-) based medical device failures. It reviews the failure analysis practices, including evidence receipt, cleaning, nondestructive examination, destructive examination, exemplars analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in Various Surgical Specialties Metallic biomaterials are used in a great many surgical implant applications, which are mainly focused in the fields of orthopedic and cardiovascular surgery and dentistry. In some situations, biomaterials serve as temporary implants (fracture fixation devices that act...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for delivery to a medical facility. Stainless steels are not sufficiently corrosion resistant for long-term use as an implant material. They find use as bone screws, bone plates, intramedullary rods, and other temporary fixation devices with a number of applicable ASTM specifications. For example, ASTM F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Metal alloys have been used in orthopaedic applications in greatest amounts related to fracture fixation devices and total joint arthroplasties. Alloys of cobalt, titanium, and iron also have been used in cardiovascular applications such as heart valves, stents, and pacemakers. In spinal applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (or different alloys) or understanding how surface abrasion or fretting-crevice corrosion may impact the corrosion stability. Standard electrochemical tests are also limited in providing insight and knowledge about medical devices that may be made of various alloys, combined and connected with potential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the corrosion resistance and ion release from main transition metallic bearings used as medical devices. It discusses the main issues associated with the in vivo presence of ions and their biocompatibility during the exposure of patients to different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...-resolution jewelry ( Ref 40 ). Courtesy of Solidscape. (c) Cardiovascular model from a patient’s computer tomography scans used for presurgical planning. Courtesy of J. Foerst, Carilion Clinic, Roanoke, VA. (d) LAIKA designs thousands of faces per character in stop-motion animation ( Ref 41 ). Courtesy...