1-20 of 33 Search Results for

carcinogenicity

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... aspects of ion toxicity. These include ion concentration and accumulation in organisms, reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress, and carcinogenicity stimulated by the corrosion process and toxic ions release. biocompatibility carcinogenicity corrosion corrosion resistance immunogenicity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... debris, namely, neuoropathic effects, hypersensitivity effects, carcinogenictiy, and general toxicity. biologic aspects carcinogenicity cobalt alloys debris-induced systemic effects hypersensitivity implant debris local inflammation local osteolysis neuoropathic effects orthopedic implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Guidance on selection of tests ISO 10993-2 Animal welfare requirements ISO 10993-3 Test for genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, and reproductive toxicity ISO 10993-4 Selection of tests for interactions with blood ISO 10993-5 Tests for cyctotoxicity; in vitro methods ISO 10993-6 Tests for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... or rivers. Moreover, there is little or no indication that such asphaltic deterioration is carcinogenic or an environmental contaminant. On the other hand, there is controversy regarding the extent of environmental and carcinogenic damage caused by coal tar materials. Automotive and power plant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Administration (OSHA) and other regulatory bodies, lead is not the only hazardous material used in the ceramic and glass industries. For instance, silica has been classified as a possible carcinogen. For respirable silica dust (≤0.10 μm), OSHA has set the permissible exposure limits as follows: Substance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... bacteria, mammalian cells, and human cultures was published in 1986 ( Ref 20 ). In 1993, a listing of hazardous chemicals stated that “Chromate salts are suspected human carcinogens producing tumors of the lungs, nasal cavity and paranasal sinus” ( Ref 21 ). This list indicates that some type of mutational...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... brittleness and discoloration. Lower-temperature (30 to 50 °C, or 86 to 122 °F) sterilization processes, such as using ethylene oxide gas, are widely used. Ethylene oxide sterilizes through chemically altering the nucleic acids of microbial cells and is a potential carcinogen to human cells, so its use must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... flammable and potentially carcinogenic and have been identified as causes of ozone depletion. Most emulsions are now based on a “mineral spirits” derivative, a hydrocarbon mixture with a relatively high boiling point (93 to 150 °C, or 200 to 300 °F). Compositions, operating temperatures, and production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...), depending on its thickness. Corrosion protection provided by these coatings increases with color (thickness). Because hexavalent chromium (Cr 6+ ) is a carcinogen and toxin, there has been an attempt to replace chromate-containing products with safer and more environmentally acceptable alternatives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... must not cause abnormal responses in local tissues and should not produce toxic or carcinogenic effects, either locally or systemically ( Ref 56 ). Biosafety testing includes cytotoxicity testing, as well as examining the propensity of a ceramic to cause mutagenesis or carcinogenesis. Initial testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... surface coatings, and crack-detecting fluids from the fracture surface. It is important to avoid use of the chlorinated organic solvents, such as trichloroethylene and carbontetrachloride, because most of them have carcinogenic properties. The sample to be cleaned is usually soaked in the appropriate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... body. Biocompatibility must consider the resulting release of ions or molecules into the body in terms of the mobility of released species, and the interaction of released species or material surfaces with the body. Some ions or molecules may have carcinogenic or thrombogenic (cause clotting) effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... association with the prostheses but that other factors, such as drug therapies used, should also be considered before a direct correlation is assumed. Neoplastic and carcinogenic effects of chemicals in the body are frequently a response to long-term exposures to low levels of chemicals in the body, and any...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... organic resins and fibers yields irritating, toxic, and carcinogenic gases ( Ref 7 , 8 ). Ventilation of the enclosure must be designed to send these gases into filters that absorb them, because it is not enough to just duct them into the atmosphere. Organic-organic composites all exhibit the same...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... are well documented among sandblasters. Crystalline silica has also been determined to be a suspected occupational lung carcinogen. There is also evidence that inhaling respirable silica dust causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic renal (kidney) disease, and various autoimmune diseases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... solvents became recognized as carcinogens (cancer-causing agents), their use as paint strippers declined. Other paint strippers came onto the market and were formulated to work on a variety of surfaces, including wood and steel. These paint strippers were caustic-based (high pH, up to 14) and attacked the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... formulations.) Various lists have been generated by testing and regulatory agencies, mostly identifying toxic and carcinogenic CoC, and have been recently adapted by various codes. This includes various CoC lists from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), REACH, and other agencies; hazardous air...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... (M s = 30 °C, or 85 °F). Both examples exhibit cyclic hardening, although cyclic softening can also be observed at lower strains. Data from Ref 30 Studies have shown that nickel release in vivo is a possible concern because of the potential for systemic toxic, carcinogenic, or allergenic...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Biocompatibility must consider the release of ions or molecules, the mobility of released species, and the interaction of released species or material surfaces with the body. Some ions or molecules are severely detrimental to the body. Among other things, a material might be carcinogenic, be thrombogenic (cause...