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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v4F.a0007017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
... and potential methods for determining a solution. Then, quantitative analyses of practical industrial problems are demonstrated. Finally, the potential shift in these approaches with the advent of Industry 4.0 is outlined. carburizing Industry 4.0 modeling quenching QUENCHING and industrial heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract This article reviews the factors influencing carburization to improve wear resistance of steel, such as operating temperature, cost, production volume, types of wear, and design criteria. It details the types of wear, namely abrasive wear and adhesive wear. The article discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract This article commences with a brief introduction on the hardenability of carburized steels, and then reviews the factors used in the selection of carburizing steels and heat treatment methods. The factors include quench medium, stress considerations, case depth, and type of case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract The plasma carburizing process is basically a low-pressure carburizing process making use of a high-voltage electrical field applied between the load to be treated and the furnace wall producing activated and ionized gas species responsible for carbon transfer to the workpieces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Carburization is the process of intentionally increasing the carbon content of a steel surface so that a hardened case can be produced by martensitic transformation during quenching. Like carburizing, carbonitriding involves heating above the upper critical temperature to austenitize...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Low-pressure carburizing (LPC) is one of the most popular case-hardening processes and is applied to increase the fatigue limit of dynamically loaded components. It takes place in a pressure range between 5 and 15 mbar (4 and 11 torr) and at temperature range between 870 and 1050 deg C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract This article describes the thermodynamics and kinetics of gas carburizing reactions, and details the mass transfer mechanism during gas carburizing. It discusses the various considerations involved in carburizing process planning, and reviews successful operation of the gas carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract This article describes the uses of the liquid carburizing process carried out in low and high temperature cyanide-containing baths, and details the noncyanide liquid carburizing process which can be accomplished in a bath containing a special grade of carbon. It presents a simple...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Pack carburizing is a process in which carbon monoxide derived from a solid compound decomposes at the metal surface into nascent carbon and carbon dioxide. In addition to discussing the pros and cons of pack carburizing, this article provides information on the carburizing medium...
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 20 Carburizing depth as a function of carburizing temperature and duration (without heating). CHD, case-hardening depth. Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 10 Grain growth in conventional carburizing steels with increasing carburizing temperature More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 11 Carburizing strategy resulting in unwanted carbide formation. Carburizing temperature is 940 °C (1725 °F); material is 18CrNi8. More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 18 Load configuration for low-pressure carburizing of transmission gears used in landing box. SAE 9310; 12 parts per batch; carburizing temperature, 960 °C (1760 °F); nitrogen, 6 bar (4500 torr); case-hardening depth, 1.4–1.65 mm (0.055–0.065 in.). Source: Ref 14 More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 19 Load configuration for low-pressure carburizing of ball screws. SAE 8620; carburizing temperature, 960 °C (1760 °F); nitrogen, 20 bar (15,000 torr); case-hardening depth, 1.4–1.65 mm (0.055–0.065 in.). Source: Ref 14 More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 1 Schematic drawing of a plasma carburizing furnace. Courtesy of IPSEN International More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 6 Surface reactions during plasma carburizing. Source: Ref 13 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 19 Composite fracture toughness of carburizing and homogeneous high-carbon steels in slow bending. Case depth is 0.76 to 0.89 mm (0.030 to 0.035 in.) to 0.50% C level. Shaded areas indicate range of K values for cracks originating in core. Cross-hatched areas indicate range of K More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 20 Effect of carburizing and surface hardening on fatigue life. Comparison of carburized, through-hardened, and induction-hardened transmission shafts tested in torsion. Arrow in lower bar on chart indicates that one shaft had not failed after the test was stopped at the number of cycles More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 2 Metal wastage rates of nickel-base alloys in a strongly carburizing atmosphere at elevated temperatures. Source: Ref 27 More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 23 Pit-type furnace for nitriding (and carburizing). Source: Aichelin GmbH More