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carburized steel

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract This article commences with a brief introduction on the hardenability of carburized steels, and then reviews the factors used in the selection of carburizing steels and heat treatment methods. The factors include quench medium, stress considerations, case depth, and type of case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract This article describes the microstructure, properties, and performance of carburized steels, and elucidates the microstructural gradients associated with carbon and hardness gradients. It provides information on case depth measurement, the factors affecting case depth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 19 13 32,300 220 295 0.75 0.81 19 19 14 Equations used to determine the above are defined in text. Source: Ref 36 Fig. 9 Hardness vs. distance from the surface of direct-cooled gas-carburized SAE 4320 steel. Superimposed on the hardness profile is the range of critical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Hardenability of steel depends on carbon content and other alloying elements as well as on the grain size of the austenite phase. This article provides information on the calculation of high-carbon (carburized) steel hardenability. It contains tables that list multiplying factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... of cyanide waste disposal in detail. brazing carbonitriding case depth cyanide waste disposal cyanides cyaniding dimensional change hardness liquid carburizing quenching steel LIQUID CARBURIZING is a process used for case hardening steel or iron parts. The parts are held at a temperature...
Book Chapter

By J.Y. Shi
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... hardness and good wear resistance. This article briefly reviews the process of supercarburizing using conventional carburizing steel as well as steels developed for supercarburizing, including 20CrMnMo steel, 20Cr2Ni4 steel, 35Cr3SiMnMoV steel, and 20CrMnTi steel. In addition, it discusses supercarburized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of a bearing steel. It also discusses the typical microstructure of a high-carbon through-hardened bearing, and shows typical case and core microstructures in carburized bearing materials. Apart from a satisfactory microstructure, which is obtained through the proper combination of steel grade and heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract This article reviews the factors influencing carburization to improve wear resistance of steel, such as operating temperature, cost, production volume, types of wear, and design criteria. It details the types of wear, namely abrasive wear and adhesive wear. The article discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of the steel and improving the surface finish of machined parts. Low carbon content of carburizing steels may be beneficial to tool life and production rate. The sulfur content of through-hardening alloy steels can significantly affect machining behavior. Cold drawing generally improves the machinability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005951
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract Case hardening involves various methods and each method has unique characteristics and different considerations in the selection of steels  This article reviews the various grades of carburizing steels, carbonitriding steels, nitriding steels, and steels for induction, or flame...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract Low-temperature carburization hardens the surface of austenitic stainless steels through the diffusion of interstitial carbon without the formation of carbides. This article provides an overview on austenitic stainless steels and low-temperature carburization. It reviews the competing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Carburization is the process of intentionally increasing the carbon content of a steel surface so that a hardened case can be produced by martensitic transformation during quenching. Like carburizing, carbonitriding involves heating above the upper critical temperature to austenitize...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... depending on which practice is chosen. Bearing steel cleanliness is most commonly rated by using microscopic techniques, such as those defined in ASTM A 295 for high-carbon steels and A 534 for carburizing steels. The worst fields found in metallographically prepared sections of the steel can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article discusses the metallography and microstructures of carburized, carbonitrided, and nitrided steels, with illustrations. It provides information on the widely used metallographic techniques including sectioning, mounting, grinding and polishing, and etching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... This article begins with an overview of the theoretical background and the range and limitations of glow-discharge plasma. It describes the plasma carburizing process, which is carried out with methane or propane. Plasma carburizing processes of sinter metals and stainless steels, and the influence of current...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract This article provides an overview of steel gear heat treating processes and brings out the nuances of the various important heat treating considerations for steel gear applications. The heat treatment processes covered are annealing, carburizing, hardening, low-pressure carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Surface hardening improves the wear resistance of steel parts. This article focuses exclusively on the methods that involve surface and subsurface modification without any intentional buildup or increase in part dimensions. These include diffusion methods, such as carburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract This article is a compilation of tables that present information on austenitizing temperatures for direct-hardening carbon and alloy steels, case depth of steels for different carburizing times and temperatures, typical heat treatments for case hardening of carbon and carburizing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., compounds, furnaces, and containers used in pack carburizing. The successful operation of the pack carburizing process depends on the control of principal variables such as carbon potential, temperature, time, case depth, and steel composition. The three types of furnaces most commonly used for pack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... J. , Big Chill to Extend Gear Life , Power Trans. Design , March 1995 , p 59 – 61 37. “Rolling Contact Fatigue Life of Various Types of Carburizing Steels,” Internal Publication , NTN Toyo Bearing Co., 1983 38. Tsushima N. , Maeda K. , and Nakashima H...